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Last updated date: 21st Feb 2024
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Cuprite Mineral

It is a secondary mineral that forms under the oxidized zone of copper sulfide deposits. The cuprite mineral frequently occurs in association with native copper, malachite, tenorite, azurite, chrysocolla, and a variety of iron oxide minerals. 

Cuprite was first discovered by Wilhelm Karl Ritter Von Hadingier in 1845 and its name is derived from the Latin cuprum because of its copper content.

The mineral is found in Atrial Mountain, Urai Mountain, and Sardinia and in more isolated locations in France, Chile, Bolivia, Cornwall, Arizona, and Namibia.

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The table given below shows the physical properties of cuprite.

Cuprite Properties


Oxide Mineral 


Dark red to cochineal red, sometimes almost black 


Fair in four directions forming octahedrons



Crystal Habit

Cubic, octahedral, and dodecahedral crystals to 14 cm and can be highly modified; as hairlike capillary forms, reticulated, tufted and matted, earthy, compact granular and massive


Conchoidal To Uneven


3.5 - 5 (Mohs scale)


Adamantine, sub - metallic earthy


Shining metallic brownish red




Transparent, translucent 


Penetration Twin

Cuprite Chemical Formula

The cuprite chemical formula is CU2O.

Cuprite Healing Properties

  • The high copper content in copper makes this stone wonderful for the brain.

  • The crystal eases the anxiety and worries of a person and supports him in the stage of emotional turmoil.

  • Cuprite strengthens meditation and helps to deliver the spiritual message of both the human being and the divine to each other.

  • It liberates oxidative stress and enhances analytical abilities.

  • It is an excellent stone to help with females' reproductive problems and provide regulating and balancing activities.

  • Cuprite has been proved in curating the disease related to the skeletal system, tissues, dizziness, alcoholism, addictive habit, vitamin assimilation, oxygenation of the blood, cramps, etc.

  • Cuprite maintains the energy level, stamina, enthusiasm, and vigour of the body.

Cuprite Uses

  • Cuprite is widely used as a colourant to produce red ruby glass since the first and second Milena BCE.

  • Cuprite is very seldom used for jewellery because of its brittle nature. It is generally used for cabochons or ornamental cravings.

  • In meditation, cuprite may be used to ground through the root chakra into the deeper energies of Earth.

  • Cuprite has proved to be a wonderful tool for those who want to connect deeper with the energies of the Earth on which we live on.

Crycholla Cuprite

Crycholla cuprite is a hydrated copper phyllosilicate mineral and mineraloid with chemical formula (CU, Al2)H2Si2O5(OH)4.nH2O. The name Crycholla is derived from the Greek word “ Chrysos” meaning gold and kola meaning glue, together means kola glue. Deposits of Crycholla are widely occurring in the massive form, rather than in crystals. The colour of the crystal ranges from medium greenish blue to light turquoise blue, green, and blue-green. 

The crystal is found in Zimbabwe, the Congo, Russia, Czech Republic, Spain, Britain, Zaire, Australia, Indonesia, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Israel, USA, and the Czech Republic,

Crycholla Cuprite is quite a supportive energy stone that inspires verbal expression. It helps both men and women to communicate most lovingly. It is the powerful stone that encourages the person to speak out about those things that are quite essential. It was historically used by American Indian people to bring a strengthening and calming energy.

As Crycholla Cuprite is a copper-based stone, it forms when copper oxidizes.

Cuprite Malachite  

Cuprite Malachite is a green copper carbonate hydroxide mineral with the chemical formula CU2CO3(OH)2. It is formed by the surface weathering process of copper ore and is generally not used for copper extraction due to its insignificant resource and inadequate metallurgical recovery.

The mineral occurs in different parts of the world including Congo, Gabon, Zambia, Namibia, Mexico, Australia, and with the largest deposit/mine in the Urals region, Russia. It is used as a mineral pigment in green paints since antiquity, for decorative purposes, ornamental stone, and gemstone. 

Azurite Cuprite 

Azurite Cuprite, also known as chessylite is a soft deep blue copper mineral produced by the weathering of copper ore deposits. It is a mineral with the chemical formula Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2. It is known widely for its deep blue to violet-blue colour. The Azurite Cuprite is not a common and abundant mineral but its beautiful colour grabs attention.  Azurite is naturally occurring in Sinai and the Eastern Desert of Egypt.

Azurite is often used as a bead, and as jewellery, and also as an ornamental stone.

Did You Know?

  • Cuprite was named by Wilhelm Karl von Haidinger in 1845 from the Latin term cuprum, meaning copper. 

  • Cuprite often occurs mixed with copper-bearing minerals such as cuprite malachite, chrysocolla cuprite, and azurite cuprite.

  • Cuprite is also known as Ruby copper, or red copper because of its beautiful red colour.

  • Despite its nice colour, it is rarely used in jewellery due to its low Mohs hardness of 3.5-4.

  • Cuprite often pseudomorphs into malachite, which implies its composition changes to malachite while retaining cuprite’s external crystal form.

  • In 1970, the finest and gem quality cuprite was mined in Organza, Southwest Africa.

  • An excellent stone combining cuprite and chrysocolla comes from the Sonora valley in Northern Mexico and is referred to as Sonoran Sunset or Sonora Sunrise stone.

FAQs on Cuprite

1. What is Exactly Cuprite?

Cuprite is a copper oxide mineral with a chemical formula CU₂O. It is found as octahedral, cubic, or dodecahedral crystals formed in the oxidized zone of copper deposits. Cuprite is found in copper-rich areas along with the deposits of Chrysocolla, Malachite, limonite, and Azure. The cuprite colour ranges from bright crimson red to brownish colour or blackish hues depending on its formation and impurities in the area. Cuprite hardness is rated 3.5 -4 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness. The name cuprite is derived from the Latin word cuprum meaning “ copper.

2. What are the Different Uses of Cuprite?

Cuprite cannot be worn in a raw form. It is properly synthesized in the factory to be used as a gemstone. Cuprite jewellery is usually worn to enhance the beauty of other precious stones. For a long time, cuprite is used by the sailors as a talisman to protect themselves from the negative fallout and negative aspects. It is also used to heal the disease related to the thyroid gland and neck. 

3. Where is Cuprite Gemstone Found?

Cuprite can be found in different parts of the world. However, the most renowned place includes the Congo, the USA, as well as the Namibian.