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Childhood Facts

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Last updated date: 01st Mar 2024
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Let's Learn About Child Development Stages

Hey kids, you all are in your childhood now. Childhood represents the phase of human life between infancy and adolescence. The childhood age starts from 1-2 years and extends till the age of 12-13 years. Being a child, you explore to learn many new things, like you learn to talk, you learn to walk, you learn to eat, you learn to write, and many other things. Children change when they grow.


This is explained nicely under child development stages. There are five stages of child development: newborns, infants, toddlers, preschool, school age, and adolescence. This article will teach us about childhood facts, human stages, and the childhood cycle.


Childhood


Childhood


Child Development Stages

Child development occurs in stages. The child grows very rapidly. These changes are mainly physical. Many changes are cognitive, which means changes in how children think and learn. There are five stages of child development. The following are the stages of child development:


1. Newborns

This stage is from 0-3 months. Newborns show automatic responses to external stimuli during the first month of life. During this stage, a newborn will turn his or her head towards your hand when you touch her cheeks. He or she will grab your finger when you place your finger in their hand. A newborn can see the objects closer to them. They recognise some smells. They smile or cry to show their needs. They can move their heads from side to side. In this stage, they can show developmental disabilities and genetic disorders.


2. Infant

This stage is from 3-12 months. Infants develop new abilities very quickly in the first year of life. After three to six months, an infant can control his or her head movements. They can bring their hands together. After six to nine months, an infant can sit without support. At this time, infants can respond to their names. After nine to twelve months, infants can pick up objects, crawl, and stand up with support. If an infant is showing slow development, then chances are they are suffering from Down’s syndrome or any other developmental disability. 


3. Toddler

This stage is from 1-3 years. Between 1-3 years of age, children learn to walk. They can walk without help. They can climb stairs and can jump. They can hold a pen or crayon colours. They can draw simple things. They start to follow simple instructions.


4. Preschool

This stage is from 3-4 years. At the age of 3-4 years, children start developing motor skills. They can throw toys, skip and hop even if they can stand on one foot for a few seconds. At this stage, they can dress. In some cases, at this stage, cerebral palsy develops.


5. School Age

In this stage, a child is 6-12 years old. Now, they are capable of doing their work. They build up confidence, and now they are independent and responsible. They understand relationships, and they make friends.


Child Developmental Stages


Child Developmental Stages


Human Stages

Two human stages are the following:


1. Fetal stage

It is very important that in the fetal stage, there should be no serious health issues. If any serious health issue persists, it will have a bad effect on the next stage (postnatal stage). Good care is essential during this stage. It will promote fetal health. It will have an indirect effect on postnatal growth.


2. Postnatal stage

At this stage, growth and development occurs together but at different speeds. The postnatal stage shows five phases of growth and development. These stages are Infancy, toddler, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.


Human Stages


Human Stages


Childhood Cycles

The childhood cycle refers to the repeating patterns of development that occur during childhood. This includes physical, cognitive, and emotional growth and the development of social and language skills. The cycle is influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and it is not a linear process but rather a dynamic one.


Childhood Cycle


Childhood Cycle


Childhood Facts

Some interesting facts about Childhood are as follows:


  • Kids feel emotions differently: It is true that children experience emotions differently than adults. They may have difficulty understanding and expressing their feelings and may also have difficulty regulating their emotions. This is because the part of the brain responsible for emotion, the amygdala, is not fully developed in children.


  • From birth, babies can see and hear: Babies are born with the ability to see and hear, and they use these senses to explore and make sense of the world around them.


  • Children are curious about everything around them: They are naturally curious and eager to learn, and responsive care can help support their development by providing a safe and stimulating environment.


  • Children are the first scientists: Children are often described as "little scientists" because of their innate curiosity and desire to explore and understand the world around them. They are constantly experimenting and testing new ideas, and they are always learning and growing. This is why it is so important for children to have access to a wide range of experiences and opportunities for learning and exploration.


Summary

Childhood is the age between infancy and adolescence. It lasts from one year to thirteen years. The five stages of child development are newborns, infants, toddlers, preschool, school age, and adolescence. The newborn stage is from 0-3 months. The infant stage is from 3-12 months. The toddler stage is from 1-3 years. The school stage is from 3-4 years, and a child is 6-12 years old.


Childhood is the best phase of our life. We learn many things from our parents, relatives, friends, and teachers. We learn to read, write, eat, bathe, walk, and many other new things. We hope this article was beneficial for you. If you have any questions feel free to ask in the comments.

FAQs on Childhood Facts

1. Is a 15-year-old a child? 

No, a 15-year-old is not a child. He or she is considered an adolescent. They are not adults. At this stage, they show lots of physical and emotional changes.

2. How can parents support their child's development?

Parents can support their child's development by providing a safe and nurturing environment, setting boundaries and guidance, engaging in activities and play together, encouraging exploration and learning, and modelling positive behaviours and attitudes.

3. How can parents tell if their child is on track with their development?

Parents can track their child's development by observing and noting milestones, consulting with paediatricians and early childhood professionals, and comparing their child's development to other children of the same age. However, it's important to remember that every child develops at their own pace, and there is a wide range of what's considered normal.