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Particle Nature of Matter

Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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Everything we see is just made up of some particles called matter. The cricket bat or a lovely doll we see is also made up of matter. Even if we see it with a powerful microscope, the matter is made up of microscopic particles that are too small to observe. They are so tiny that 100,000 particles in a line would be required to match the breadth of human hair!

What is Matter?

Everything is visible and feelable matters. It’s the stuff that was made by the Universe’s nature. The matter is defined as everything that has mass and fills space. For example, Plants, animals, and humans are all examples of matter as they have mass and occupy space. The matter may be living or non-living as they both have mass and fill the universe's space. The whole galaxy is acquired by matter.

Matter Present in Classroom Environment.

Matter Present in Classroom Environment.

Particles of Matter

The matter is made up of lakhs and millions of tiny particles and those particles are called particles of matter. Matter can be in 3 states that are solid, liquid and gas. In each state of matter, particles are ordered and move differently. Those particles are nothing but atoms and molecules. Atoms are the smallest particle of matter and many atoms join to form a molecule. A molecule is the collective state of many atoms.



And the particles of matter of two types and what are they?

It is,

  1. Atoms

  2. Molecules 



Characteristics and Nature of Particles 

The nature of the particle defines the structure of matter.

For example,

In gases, the particles of matter that are millions of atoms and molecules are joined together. The movement of particles presented here is more. This marks the nature of that matter more gaseous.

On the other hand,

In solids, millions of atoms and molecules join so tightly that the gap between the atoms and molecules is less. Here the movement is almost zero. This makes the nature of the solid that is rigidity.


In liquids, these particles of matter are not bound too tightly or loosely, making the liquid an in-between stage between solid and gas. Here the movement is not too high and too low, it is in between.


The matter is a very important knowledge that we need to know as we are facing them in day-to-day life. Particles of matter that are atoms and molecules are a way more important and complex factor that we need to know. Everything is made up of atoms and molecules. So we should also know the basics like characteristics etc., of these matter particles.

Solved Questions

1. Choose the smallest particle of matter?

a) Atom    b) Molecule  c) Cell 

Ans: a) Atom

2.  Everything around you is _______.

a) Matter   b) Metal     c) Wood

Ans: b) Matter

FAQs on Particle Nature of Matter

1. What is Matter?

Matter is everything visible and feelable. It's the substance that the Universe's nature created. The matter is defined as anything which has mass, and that occupies space.

2. Name the particles of matter.

The particles of matter are of two types: Atoms and molecules.

3. How does the particle nature of matter define matter?

Matter is made of atoms and molecules. The space between these particles, atoms and molecules defines the matter’s structure and properties.

For example,

In gases, the atoms are held one-to-one too loosely, and this nature of the particle makes the matter more gaseous and gives it the property to move and diffuse terribly.

4. How many types of particles are there?

Two types of fundamental particles are matter particles and force particles.