Present Tense

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In a sentence, a verb and its form convey the time of the occurrence or the happening. If the verb used conveys the present time, it is a Present tense. For Example-

I sleep.

She runs

It is very important to be sure of which tense your sentence is going to use.  Further, we will discuss the types of Present tense and their rules in detail. 


Simple Present Tense

It is used to convey the repeated actions, Universal truths, occurrences on a daily basis and more.

Positive Sentences

Rule- Subject+ Verb (First Form) + s/es + Object

Examples

  • I go to  the School.

  • He goes to a temple.

  • They go to a temple.

  • We go to the Zoo every Sunday.

Negative Sentences

Rule- Sub + do/does + not + verb (first form) +object

Examples

  • I do not go the Church.

  • We do not go the Church.

  • You do not go the Church.

  • She does not goes to Church.

Interrogative Sentences

Rule- Do/Does +not +Verb(First form) +object

Examples

  • Do I go to tuition?

  • Does she go to tuition?

  • Do we go to tuition?

  • Do they go to tuition?


Present Continuous Tense

This Tense is used to describe the actions going on in present. 

Assertive/ Positive Sentences

Rule- Subject + Is/am/are + Verb( First Form)+ Object

Examples

  • I am going to play.

  • He is going to play.

  • We are going to play.

  • They are going to play. 

Negative Sentences

Rule-  Subject + is/am/are + not + Verb(first form)+ ing+ Object

Examples

  • I am not watching the movie.

  • She is not watching the movie.

  • They are not watching the movie.

  • You are not watching the movie.

Interrogative Sentences

Rule- Is/am/are+ Subject+ Verb(first form) + ing+ object

Examples

  • Am I going to India?

  • Is she going to India?

  • Are they going to India?

  • Is John going to India?


Present Perfect Tense

It is used to convey the activity, which is just/recently, completed.

Positive Sentences

Rule-  Subject+ has/have+ verb(third form) + Object

Examples

  • She has done the homework.

  • I have done the homework.

  • They have done the homework.

  • John has done the homework.

Negative Sentences

Rule- Sub + Has/have+ not+ Verb(third form) +object

Examples

  • She has not done the homework.

  • They have not done the homework.

  • I have not done the homework.

  • Sheila has not done the homework.

Interrogative Sentences

Rule – Has/have+ subject+ verb(third form)+ object

Examples

  • Has he done the homework?

  • Have they done the homework?

  • Have I done the homework?

  • Have the students done the homework?


Present Perfect Continuous

This tense is used to express the action which started in the past and is still going on in the present.

Positive Sentences

Rule-  Subject+ has/have+ been+ verb(first form)+ ing+ object

Examples-

  • I have been doing the dishes.

  • She has been doing the dishes.

  • They have been doing the dishes.

  • John has been doing the dishes.

Negative Sentences

Rule- Sub+ has/have + not + been + verb( first form)+ ing+ object

Examples-

  • I have not been doing the dishes.

  • She has not been doing the dishes.

  • They have not been doing the dishes.

  • Sapna has not been doing the dishes.

Interrogative Sentences

Rule-  Has/have+ sub+ been + verb(first form) + object

Examples 

  • Has he been doing the dishes?

  • Have they been doing the dishes?

  • Have I been doing the dishes?

  • Have they been doing the dishes?


Exercise

I come from an enormous family and recently my parents ___________________________ (DECIDE) that they ___________________________ (SPEND) long enough living in aa huge and crowded house in Delhi. “We ___________________________ (MOVE) to the outskirts”, my father ___________________________ (ANNOUNCE) one morning. “I ___________________________ (SELL) this house and we ___________________________ (LIVE) on a  huge farm”. So last week we ___________________________ (LOAD) all our items into two carriage vans, and for the last few days we ___________________________ (TRY) to accustom ourselves in our new home. Yesterday, my two sisters and I ___________________________ (START) arranging our rooms. Unfortunately, while I ___________________________ (Set) the paintings, one of my brothers ___________________________ (OPEN) the door. Nobody ___________________________ (TELL) him that we ___________________________ (BE) in the room. So instead of setting the room we ___________________________ (SPEND) all morning cleaning the broken frame and glass of the painting. But worse things ___________________________ (HAPPEN) since then. This morning, when I _______________________ (WAKE) up, water ___________________________ (DRIP) through the ceiling next to my study table. We _____________________ (SPENT) the last four hours repairing the roof. It is not all bad news though. The school in the town nearby ___________________________ (CLOSE) down few years ago, and my parents ___________________________ (NOT FIND) another school for us yet.

Answers- Have decided, had spent, are moving, announced, am selling/am going to sell/will sell,  will live/will be living/are going to live, loaded,  have been trying, started, was mixing, opened, told, were, spend.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1- What is the difference between Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous Tense?

Ans- Present Perfect tense talks about the action which has just gotten over and Presents perfect continuous talks about the action which was going on from the past and still goes on for some time in the present.

2- Give me an example of Interrogative negative sentence for Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous and Present Continuous.

Ans- 

  1. Present Perfect-  Has he not done the work I assigned?

  2. Present Perfect continuous-  Have they not been reaching on time?

  3. Present continuous- Is she not going to win the tournament?

3- How do you ask questions in Present Tense?

Ans- To form a question in the present tense, use the helping verbs do or does. For example- Do I walk?

4- When we use ‘since’ and ‘for’ in present Perfect Continuous Tense?

Ans- Since is used to show the point of time in the Past and For is used to show the period of time.