Maharana Pratap Singh was a famous Rajput warrior and the king of Mewar in Rajasthan, in northwestern India. He is regarded as one of the greatest Rajput warriors, having resisted Mughal emperor Akbar's attempts to conquer his domain. Unlike the other Rajput rulers in the region, Maharana Pratap repeatedly refused to submit to the Mughals and fought valiantly until his last breath. He was the first Rajput warrior to take on the might of Akbar, the Mughal Emperor and was a sign of Rajput gallantry, diligence, and valour. In Rajasthan, he is regarded as a hero for his bravery, sacrifice, and fiercely independent spirit.
Rana Pratap Singh Biography and Information
Rana Pratap Singh Wife - Maharani Ajabde
Maharana Pratap Children - Amar Singh I, Bhagwan Das
Maharana Pratap Date of Birth - May 9, 1540
Maharana Pratap Birthplace - Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan
Maharana Pratap Death Date - January 29, 1597
Maharana Pratap Death Place - Chavand
Rana Pratap History
Pratap Singh I, also known as Maharana Pratap, was the 13th king of Mewar, which is now part of the state of Rajasthan in northwestern India. He was recognised for his role in the Battle of Haldighati and Battle of Dewair and was dubbed "Mewari Rana" for his military resistance to the Mughal Empire's expansionism. From 1572 until his death in 1597, he was the ruler of Sisodias of Mewar.
Maharana Pratap Singh Childhood and Early Life
Maharana Pratap Singh was born in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan, on May 9, 1540. Maharana Udai Singh II was his father, and Rani Jeevant Kanwar was his mother. Maharana Udai Singh II was the ruler of Mewar, with Chittor as his capital. Maharana Pratap was granted the title of Crown Prince since he was the eldest of twenty-five sons. In the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs, he was destined to be the 54th ruler of Mewar.
Chittor was surrounded by Emperor Akbar's Mughal forces in 1567 when Crown Prince Pratap Singh was just 27 years old. Rather than surrender to the Mughals, Maharana Udai Singh II chose to abandon Chittor and relocate his family to Gogunda. The young Pratap Singh decided to stay and battle the Mughals, but his elders intervened and persuaded him to leave Chittor, completely oblivious to the fact that his departure from Chittoor would change history forever.
Maharana Udai Singh II and his nobles formed a temporary Mewar kingdom government in Gogunda. The Maharana died in 1572, allowing Crown Prince Pratap Singh to succeed him as Maharana. The late Maharana Udai Singh II, on the other hand, had succumbed to the influence of his favourite queen, Rani Bhatiyani, and had decreed that her son Jagmal should succeed to the throne. As the late Maharana's body was being transported to the cremation grounds, Crown Prince Pratap Singh accompanied the Maharana's body. This was a break from tradition, as the Crown Prince was not supposed to accompany the Maharana's body to the tomb and instead was supposed to prepare to ascend the throne, ensuring that the line of succession remained intact.
Per his father's wishes, Pratap Singh chose to have his half-brother Jagmal succeed him as king. The late Maharana's nobles, especially the Chundawat Rajputs, forced Jagmal to abdicate the throne to Pratap Singh, knowing that this would be disastrous for Mewar. Jagmal, unlike Bharat, did not voluntarily relinquish the throne. He vowed vengeance and set out for Ajmer to join Akbar's army, where he was promised a jagir - the town of Jahazpur - in exchange for his assistance. In the meantime, Crown Prince Pratap Singh was elevated to Maha Rana Pratap Singh I, the 54th ruler of Mewar in the Sisodiya Rajput line.
It was the year 1572. Pratap Singh had recently been appointed Maharana of Mewar and had not visited Chittor since 1567. Chittor was under Akbar's rule, but not the kingdom of Mewar. Akbar's dream of being the Jahanpanah of Hindustan could not be realised as long as the people of Mewar swore allegiance to their Maharana. He sent several emissaries to Mewar in the hopes of persuading Maharana Rana Pratap to sign a treaty, but the letter was only willing to sign a peace treaty that preserved Mewar's sovereignty. In the year 1573, Akbar dispatched six diplomatic missions to Mewar in an attempt to persuade Rana Pratap to accept the latter's suzerainty, but Rana Pratap rejected all of them.
Raja Man Singh, Akbar's brother-in-law, was in charge of the last of these missions. Raja Man Singh declined to sup with Maharana Pratap Singh, who was enraged that his fellow Rajput was allied with someone who had compelled all Rajputs to submit. The battle lines had been drawn, and Akbar realised that Maharana Pratap would never submit, forcing him to use his troops against Mewar.
Maharana Pratap Singh Military Career
Battle of Haldighati
On June 18, 1576, Maharana Pratap Singh fought against Akbar's forces led by Man Singh I of Amer in the Battle of Haldighati. The Mughals were triumphant and killed a large number of Mewaris, but they were unable to capture the Maharana. (#14) The fighting took place in a narrow mountain pass near Gogunda, which is now known as Rajsamand in Rajasthan. Pratap Singh had about 3000 cavalry and 400 Bhil archers on his side. Man Singh of Amber, who commanded an army of 5000–10,000 soldiers, was the Mughal commander. The Maharana was wounded and the day was lost after a fierce fight that lasted more than six hours. He was able to flee to the hills and return to the battle the next day.
The Mughals were unable to destroy or capture Maharana Pratap Singh or any of his close family members in Udaipur, making Haldighati a meaningless victory. Pratap and his army recaptured the western regions of his dominion as soon as the empire's attention shifted north-west. [number 16] Despite the fact that Pratap was able to make a safe escape, the war did not succeed in breaking the deadlock between the two forces. Following that, Akbar waged a concerted war against the Rana, and by the end of it, he had taken possession of Goganda, Udaipur, and Kumbhalgarh.
Rana Pratap History of Resurgence
Following rebellions in Bengal and Bihar, as well as Mirza Hakim's incursion into the Punjab, Mughal pressure on Mewar, eased after 1579. In the Battle of Dewair (1582), Pratap Singh invaded and captured the Mughal post at Dewair (or Dewar). All 36 Mughal military outposts in Mewar were automatically liquidated as a result of this. Akbar halted his military campaigns against Mewar after this defeat. Dewair's triumph was the Maharana's crowning achievement, dubbed the "Marathon of Mewar'' by James Tod.
Akbar moved to Lahore in 1585 and stayed for the next twelve years, keeping an eye on the situation in the north-west. During this time, no major Mughal expeditions were sent to Mewar. Pratap took advantage of the situation and took control of Western Mewar, which included Kumbhalgarh, Udaipur, and Gogunda. He also built a new capital, Chavand, near modern-day Dungarpur, during this time.
Maharana Pratap Singh Personal Life
Maharana Pratap had seventeen sons, eleven wives, and five daughters. His favourite partner, however, was Maharani Ajabde Punwar, his first wife. In 1557, he became the first person to tie a knot. His first son, Amar Singh I, was born in 1559 and would later succeed him.
Pratap is said to have married ten more princesses in order to keep the Rajputs together. Pratap spent most of his childhood in the forests, and it is said that his family once had to live on grass chapatis.
Maharana Pratap Death
Maharana Pratap Singh died on January 19, 1597, at the age of 56, in Chavand from injuries suffered in a hunting accident. His eldest son, Amar Singh I, succeeded him. Pratap told his son on his deathbed not to surrender to the Mughals and to reclaim Chittor.