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Grammar for Year 5 Students (Age 9 - 10)

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Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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What is Grammar?

Grammar is defined as the study of how words are combined to form sentences. The proper use of commas and semicolons is an example of grammar. Grammar is significant because it is the language that allows us to converse about language. Grammar describes the many sorts of words and word groupings that make up sentences in any language. Even as children, we can put sentences together - grammar is something we can all do.

In Year 5, your child will be able to utilize all of the grammar and punctuation that they learned earlier in school in their writing, as well as several essential characteristics of grammar and punctuation. Read on to learn about the Year 5 National Curriculum standards for grammar and punctuation, as well as how you can help your kid at home.

Grammar for Year 5 Kids

Within a paragraph, your kid will utilize words and phrases to create continuity. Thankfully, the essential grammatical knowledge isn't too difficult, and many children will do so naturally while writing. As a parent, the most challenging part is figuring out what the various phrases represent.

If it's evident how the meanings of the text's components fit together, it's cohesiveness. A logical and easy-to-follow content will make sense to the reader. Cohesive devices will be taught to your children to aid with the flow of their writing.

Using Suffixes Like -ate, -ise, and -ify to Turn Nouns or Adjectives into Verbs

  • Adjectives

Adjectives are commonly referred to as "descriptive words." Adjectives are words that are used to describe a noun, providing more information or details. Adjectives such as 'good' and 'happy' are examples.

  • Verbs

Verbs are the words that cause events to occur. They are used to describe an action, an event, or a state of being. Words like 'be,' 'was,' and 'is' are commonly referred to as 'doing words,' but they are also verbs since they express states of being.

  • Adverbs

Adverbs (for example, 'kindly') are words that explain or provide further information about a verb. Time (for example, 'I'll finish my schoolwork later'), location ('the automobile came up outside'), or cause ('Lucy walked rapidly to her seat') are all examples of adverbs.

  • Nouns

Nouns are frequently referred to as 'naming words.' Nouns are the words that are used to name persons, places, and things, and we talk about them a lot. Cat, Scotland, and hope, for example, are all nouns.

  • Suffixes

Suffixes are a collection of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Suffixes are employed to turn a noun or an adjective into a noun in this case. For example, The suffix '-ly', for example, is added to 'quick' to produce 'quickly.'

  • Adverbials

Adverbials, like adverbs, are words or phrases that describe or provide further information about the verb or sentence. Adverbs are commonly employed as adverbials (for example, 'he walked slowly'), but many other words and phrases, such as preposition phrases ('the day after tomorrow') and subordinate clauses ('when we've completed'), can also be used in this fashion.

  • Ellipsis

Ellipsis refers to a situation in which a word or phrase can be omitted since it is expected and foreseeable. Instead of writing, for example, Bill observed three hawks in the sky, whereas John saw two. Because "hawks" is removed from the noun phrase "three hawks," this is an example of a noun phrase ellipsis. The word or words that are missing from one sentence appear in the other clause when a noun phrase ellipsis is utilised.' Some words are omitted without affecting the sense of the phrase.

  • Determiners

Determiners assist us to show whatever specific item we're talking about by indicating whether a noun is known or unknown. Determiners include words such as the a/an, this, those, my, your, some, and every. Choosing the appropriate determiner allows us to express exactly what we mean.

For example, 'some spiders are venomous' differs significantly from 'that spider is venomous,' especially if the spider is in your bathroom.

Year 5 Grammar

Year 5 Grammar

To Clarify the Meaning, Use Commas

Your children will learn to use commas to divide clauses inside a sentence and to mark distinct sections of sentences. The emphasis will be on making their writing easy to comprehend and minimizing ambiguity, which occurs when something has more than one meaning.

'I'm going to start cooking, Mummy,' for example, is a child informing his mother that he is starting to cook. 'I'm going to start cooking Mummy,' on the other hand, offers a different tale about the items picked by the child.

Relative Clauses Beginning With Who, Which, Where, When, Whose and That are Used

A relative clause modifies or expands on the information provided by a noun or another sentence. It frequently does this by using relative pronouns like who, which, where, when, whose, or that:

  • 'That's the girl who lives near the park,' says the narrator.

  • 'The show I was watching was dreadful.'

  • 'Ram was the winner, which angered Sunita.'

These related clauses provide further information or provide additional information about the noun or initial clause. Frequently, children will write phrases including relative clauses without realizing it. The most essential thing you can do as a parent is to encourage your kid to think about what they're writing, to see whether it makes sense and expresses their message. At school, your child will discover the concept of "relative clause" in Year 5.

Tips for Parents

  • Even if your child can read independently, taking the time to listen to them read may be quite beneficial. They will be able to see how punctuation and grammar are used to convey meaning if they encounter words in print regularly.

  • When you're reading, pay attention to the punctuation and discuss what it's urging the reader to do. You may demonstrate to your child how a question mark instructs you to raise your voice at the end of a phrase to indicate that a question is being asked.

  • Writing at home may be a terrific method to improve your writing skills, including how to use language and punctuation to achieve certain effects.


Even though your child will most likely be able to read independently by now, reading aloud to them is still very important for their education, especially with books they can't read yet. Listening to a story helps students improve their reading abilities, expand their vocabulary, and widen their general knowledge. It also aids in the development of your child's writing abilities and knowledge of grammar and punctuation.

While speaking and listening will teach children about language, the sort of language we use in writing is typically different from that used in speech, so listening to text can mimic distinct patterns of language.

FAQs on Grammar for Year 5 Students (Age 9 - 10)

1. What punctuation marks should students in year 5 be aware of?

Your child will learn to use commas to divide clauses inside a sentence and to mark distinct sections of sentences. The emphasis should be on making their writing easy.

2. What are the topics for grammar in Year 5?

The sentence, Noun and Its Kinds, Number, Gender, Pronoun, and Its Kinds, Verbs and Tense, Reported Speech, Active and Passive Voice, Modals, Adjective, Articles, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Letter and Application Writing, Story Writing, Paragraph, and Essay Writing are some of the topics covered in English Grammar year 5.