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Moon Facts for Kids

Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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Introduction to Moon

The Moon is the natural satellite of the planet Earth. It is a natural object which revolves around the Earth. It is a member of the Solar System family and is the only satellite of our planet. It is the second brightest object we see in the sky after the Sun.

The Earth, The Sun, and The Moon

The Earth, The Sun, and The Moon

The Moon does not have a light of its own. It gets its light from the Sun. It looks very beautiful on Earth. It is always surrounded by bright stars. The Moon changes its phases with every revolution around the Earth. Let us study all the concepts like how far away is the moon, what is the moon made of, and the phases of the moon for kids one by one.

Moon Earth Distance 

The approximate distance between the Moon and the Earth is around 384,400 kilometres. The distance in miles is around 238,900 miles from the Earth. The moon is not that far from the Earth.

The sea level also gets affected because of the Moon. The Moon’s gravity leads to the rise and fall of the sea waves. The high tides and low tides created in the sea are affected by the gravity of the Moon.

What is the Moon Made of?

The Moon is mostly made up of rocks. There are a lot of pits present on the moon, known as craters. A lot of meteorites keep on crashing into the surface of the moon, which leads to rock and dust.

The Lunar Surface of the Moon is composed of many elements. These elements are oxygen, silicon, magnesium, calcium, aluminium, chromium, etc. Traces of water are also found on the surface of the Moon.

Phases of the Moon for Kids

The phases of the Moon change every day based on its revolution around the Earth. There are eight phases of the Moon. On a full moon day, the moon shines bright in the sky, and we often call it ‘Poornima’.

Phases of The Moon

Phases of The Moon

There is a no moon day as well, where the Moon is not visible at all, and we call it ‘Amavasya’. Other than these, the other phases are New Moon, Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Waning Gibbous, Third Quarter, and Waning Crescent.


The Moon shines brightly at night and can be seen from our home Earth. People go to various tourist places where they look for destinations famous for night watching. It also affects various religious and cultural activities of India. Neil Armstrong was the first person to ever land on the Moon. People have been experimenting and inventing new things on the surface of the Moon.

FAQs on Moon Facts for Kids

1. Write a short paragraph on ‘Moon’.

Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth. It is a natural object seen in the night sky with stars. It looks beautiful, and people watch it in the sky. The Moon is responsible for the tides in the sea and causes high and low tides. The Moon is also responsible for many religious activities people plan. There are around eight phases of the Moon, including New Moon and Full Moon.

2. What is a Lunar Eclipse? Explain the two kinds of Lunar Eclipses.

The Moon gets its light from the Sun. As we know that the Moon revolves around the Earth and the Earth revolves around the Sun. Sometimes due to these revolutions, the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon. This makes the Moon invisible in the sky due to the shadow of the Earth.

Total Lunar Eclipse and Partial Lunar Eclipse are the two kinds of Lunar Eclipses. Total Lunar Eclipse happens when the Sun and the Moon lie on opposite sides of the Earth. The Earth comes between them, leading to a Total Lunar Eclipse. A Partial Lunar Eclipse is when the moon becomes partially visible because of the Earth’s shadow.