Indian Accounting Standards and IFRS

IFRS Convergence

IFRS refers to the accounting policies and standards that every nation follows. The monetary situation all over the world has seen a drastic change in a recent couple of years. Currently, few transitional organizations are working in several countries to solve the situations related to IFRS convergence. Hence, there is a need to maintain the standard which can also be accepted worldwide widely. It also refers to the aim of establishing a particular set of standards that can be used by everyone nationally and internationally. 


Difference Between IFRS and Indian Accounting Standards

Various points distinguish Indian accounting standards and the IFRS. Thus, Indian accounting standard vs international accounting standard can be formulated in the following way:

  • Issuing Body: The Indian Accounting standards are issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). On the other hand, the International Financial Standards (IFRS) is issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) which is based in London.

  • Constitution: The ICAI established an effective accounting standard board in the year 1977 on 21st April after recognizing that there is a need to maintain the accounting practices and policies and the IFRS convergence status. On the other side, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) which is based in London had begun its operation in the year 2001.

  • Representation: The Indian Accounting Standards are referred to as Indian GAAP or represented in the order of AS- (). International Financial Reporting Standards are also represented as the IFRS/IAS- (). 

Thus, a broad differentiation of Indian accounting standards and IFRS is given in the above context.


IFRS Full Form in India

IFRS stands for the International Financial Reporting Standards. The term is developed by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). The accounting standards of India are based on the substantially converged standards that are issued by the board. 


Elaborate the Process of Issuing IFRS 

IFRS standard settings are done through

  • Public meetings are held in the office in London.

  • Agenda papers informing the Board.

  • Decisions and discussions are then made public after the meeting is held.

  • Comment letters are received on the consultation documents.


Difference Between Convergence And Adoption 

IFRS is applied in more than 100 countries worldwide which include countries like Hong Kong, South Africa, Australia, Singapore, the European Union, and others. But there still prevails confusion over the difference between convergence and adoption. However, many countries use them interchangeably. 

Adopting IFRS means that the particular country would implement it as same as the IASB and that they would follow the guidelines that are issued by the IASB. 

On the other hand, convergence with IFSR refers to the situation where both ASB and IFRS would work together by developing compatibility. 

 It is said that the increase in the number of convergences will make adoption less costly and easier. 


Challenges of Convergence with IFRS

There are a lot of challenges that are faced and they are:

  • The difference between IFRS and GAAP

  • Education and Training

  • Legal Consideration

  • Taxation Effect

  • Measuring Fair Value


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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How have people adopted IFRS across the globe?

On a scale of numbers, more than 115 nations have adopted International Financing Reporting Standards (IFRS). Among them, the jurisdiction has permitted IFRS for some specific listed companies. Although 90 such companies have conformed to the use of IFRS as established by IASB and have also included a statement that has acknowledged conformity in various audit reports. Other countries such as Korea and Canada have made a transition to IFRS in the year 2011. Mexico has also established IFRS in most of its companies by the year 2012. On the other hand, Japan has established a roadmap for adopting IFRS. 

2. What are some of the significant differences between U.S GAAP and IFRS.

As a result of the huge long standing projects between the FASB and IASB, the differences between the GAAP and IFRS have specifically extended and are shrinking constantly. Yet few differences remain and have resulted in different results. They are:

  • IFRS does not permit a few things which include Last In and First Out (LIFO).

  • US GAAP uses a two-step method which makes the write-downs likely, whereas the IFRS uses a specific single-step method for write-downs.

  • IFSR is against permitting debt which results in covenant violation.

3. What is the cost of converting IFRS?

The cost of converting to IFRS majorly depends on the company’s decision that can be determined by its nature and size. The initial cost of converting as well as quantifying and identifying the training of the staff and the implementation of the IT could be very much important; it can also result in the reduction of the total cost for the financial reporting and the capital. In a plan proposed for trading the companies, the SEC predicted all the US companies that have adopted IFRS could incur more than any amount of 32$ million as an additional cost for preparing their annual reports.