Due to the increased human activities and pressure on natural resources is becoming worse day-by-day, necessary precautions have to be taken to reduce it. Because if the same goes in a continual process at this rate, the life on earth would become unsustainable. Many Scientists and Environmentalists are working to implement certain strategies to control environmental pollution, due to some reasons, it’s not happening. They made some plans on how to control environmental pollution, but eventually, the implementation had vanished. In contrast to the solid waste that we see in our household garbage bins, there are also industrial, medical, mining, and agricultural wastes. The environment has mostly been polluted by improper disposal of Waste. Therefore it is needed to keep an eye over waste disposal regularly.
When we look upon the effects of soil, air, and water pollution, the need to reduce environmental Pollution comes into the picture. The required measures should be taken on an individual basis to reduce environmental Pollution in the neighborhood as well, which should lead to a cleaner environment. Pollution occurs primarily because of the discharge of wastes and inefficient disposal. We should have a certain waste management strategy that should perform properly from its inception until the final disposal.
Tons and tons of solid waste are generated in the neighborhood. As we have many waste outcomes such as industrial, pharmaceutical, chemical, manufacturing units, food processing machines, other than household wastes, it is quite necessary to take some measures in terms of proper disposal - the improper disposal of these wastes resulting in environmental Pollution. Thus, care must be taken while disposing of these wastes to reduce the pollution levels in our surroundings.
The domestic waste generated should be collected into the bins and transferred to the municipal workers who take them to disposable sites. And there, the Waste is sorted out and separated as a biodegradable and non-biodegradable. The plastic wastes, non-biodegradable such as bottles, plastic bags, and more, are sent for recycling. On the other side, the biodegradable wastes are deposited on the land and converted as compost.
If the Waste is not collected properly for disposal, then it will be on its way into the sewers. And, some amounts are eaten by the cattle - non-biodegradable wastes, including plastic bags and metal scrap choke, the sewers, and cause incontinence. The cattle swallow these polythene bags and choke their throat. This becomes difficult for them to breathe and may lead to death.
All of us should follow the practice of collecting Waste and disposing of it properly. If certain waste management techniques are not implemented, then it may result in epidemics due to groundwater contamination leading to Water Pollution. It is especially hazardous to the people who work with the wastes. For suppose, the rag pickers and a few workers who were involved in waste disposal. Such ones are largely affected because they don’t follow any protective measures like wearing gloves and mask while handling the wastes.
Improper disposal may also allow poisonous gases to escape into the atmosphere and cause Air Pollution. In addition, the vehicles and the industries pumping hazardous gases either directly or indirectly affect humans’ lives and contribute to Air Pollution.
As responsible citizens, we should participate in proper waste disposal management and cooperate with the government. Throwing wastes at inappropriate locations should be strictly avoided. Efforts are taken to reduce vehicular emissions by encouraging the use of Public transports, carpooling, and finding greener alternatives to the existing fuel. Encouraging the use of Renewable sources of energy will go a long way in making our planet safer and healthy to live in.
One of the ways to lessen Air pollution is by using less fossil fuel. Some of the pollution control strategies to follow to reduce air pollution includes,
Instead of driving, select to walk or ride a bike whenever possible
Choose public transportation, instead of using own/commercial vehicles
Maintain your vehicle tires with proper inflated
Turn the lights off when you are about to leave a room
Replace energy-hungry incandescent bulbs with some compact fluorescent bulbs or LEDs
Go for natural resources like Windmills or Solar plates to avail electricity
Plant more trees! Because trees filter air by inhaling carbon dioxide and providing the fresh air.
Environmental Pollution is also a major global concern due to the harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and on the environment as well. Some of the strategies that are to be followed to lessen the environmental Pollution include,
Stop smoking or at least follow “No Smoking” regulations at public places
Do not use open fires for waste disposal
Instead of plastic, use eco friendly or biodegradation products because plastic-like products are highly toxic in nature
Maintain proper waste disposal especially for toxic wastes, and should plan some strategies to reduce waste
Do not litter on public places and some anti-litter campaigns should run to educate public
Don’t cause loud noises or unwanted sounds.
1. How to Reduce Garbage/Waste at Home and How to Recycle a Few Things?
Think before you buy some toxic items. Do you really need it? Do you already have any substitutions to do? Can you borrow the item? If you have to buy it, then consider how the items are packaged. Can the packaging be reused (like glass jars), recycled, or composted? Or is that a wasteful packaging?
Start composting some food scraps at home itself. Bokashi system is a perfect system for all your food scraps. It means no more food wastes should go into the garbage.
Perform a waste audit for every certain period of time and think carefully when you are going to buy any no biodegradable or toxic items. They are like, What are the main materials in our garbage? How can we reduce, reuse, or recycle such things?
2. What are the Best Methods to Reduce Pollution?
Choose to reduce whatever we can, reuse whatever we can, and also recycle whatever we can.
Increase usage efficiency. Use mobile for longer till it becomes outdated. If there is something at home that is not being used, give it or sell it to someone who can use it and by doing so, it prevents that person from buying a new thing and polluting the earth.
Reduce the usage of plastics. Buy refills/reusable packs instead of plastic containers.
Learn to live with fewer expenses. One can find better ways to stretch that money and make it last longer. The less money we use, the less we pollute. Prefer savings and help people in need.
Segregate your garbage as wet, dry, and human waste. It becomes easier to recycle and less goes to the landfill.
Carpool or cycle, if possible. Use organic fertilizers/pesticides on farms instead of artificial ones.
Don’t waste anything. Treat certain wastes as a resource.