PVA full form is polyvinyl alcohol. Polyvinyl alcohol is a man-made or synthetic polymer. PVA polymer molecule contains vinyl and alcohol groups. It is a very useful polymer due to its adhesive properties. PVA is water soluble, crystalline and flammable in nature. Presence of alcohol group in it makes it flammable.
Word poly means ‘many’ and vinyl is ‘ethenyl’ functional group. Formula of vinyl is -CH=CH2. When we remove one hydrogen atom from the ethylene or ethene molecule (H2C=CH2) we get vinyl group.
PVA monomer unit is vinyl acetate. It means, it is formed by the polymerization of vinyl acetate. Vinyl acetate formula is H3C-CO2-CH=CH2. PVA is not prepared by direct polymerization of vinyl acetate. Instead, it is prepared by hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) through an alcohol (generally methanol) in presence of an alkaline catalyst.
PVA shows high tensile strength and flexibility.
It is soluble in water and has no odor.
PVA molecular weight or polyvinyl molecular weight ranges between 26,000-30,000.
Its melting point is 185°C.
It is insoluble in organic solvents but slightly soluble in ethanol.
Polyvinyl alcohol can react with butyraldehyde and formaldehyde.
It is atactic type material and resistant to oil and grease.
PVA polymer is used in many fields. It is used as main component in many drugs. Many of its applications are based on its adhesive property. PVA is a type of synthetic adhesive. PVA is used as PVA glue in many fields. Meaning of PVA glue is a glue or fixative made up of polyvinyl alcohol.
PVA glue is soluble in water and used as emulsions also. It is mainly used for fixing porous material. It is used for gluing wood, paper and cloth.
PVA glue or PVA fixative is also known as PVA adhesive. PVA glue can be prepared by a simple method. To make PVA glue, simply take 200g of PVA and dissolve it in water to make 1000ml of solution. Now heat this solution and bring to boil. Continue simmering it for half an hour. After half an hour, remove the solution from heat and cool it down. PVA glue is ready.
PVA glue can be removed by PVA remover. Many PVA removers are available in market. PVA glue from fabric can be easily removed by using hot water as PVA remover, as PVA is water soluble.
PVA is widely used as glue. PVA glue is non-toxic. Although research is ongoing on the subject whether long term use of PVA glue harmful or not, researches have shown that oral administration of PVA is harmless. So, use of PVA as glue should also be harmless.
PVA is a very good absorbent. This property of PVA is very useful in textile industry. That’s why PVA is used in textile industry. PVA fabric can dry well.
PVA films are used in packaging of different materials such as detergents, chemicals, disinfectants etc. in many industries. As PVA is water soluble, PVA packaging material is biodegradable.
Polyvinyl alcohol film is also known as polyvinyl sheet. Polyvinyl alcohol film can be made by PVA solution. PVA solution is prepared by dissolving PVA in water. PVA sheets are very useful in packaging. The main advantage of PVA film is that it is environment friendly, as it is biodegradable.
Some drugs of PVA can cause some allergic reactions in eyes and skin. But mostly PVA is non-hazardous. It is biodegradable and environment friendly. It is debatable whether PVA’s long-term use in packaging or as a glue is harmful for humans, as research is still going on this.
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