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English Grammar Class 9 Modals

Last updated date: 28th May 2024
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English Grammar Class 9- Download Free PDF With Solutions

Modals can be difficult, especially when using them in a sentence, as they act as the helping verb. Can you use modals in a sentence properly? Do you know about their usage? If you are struggling to learn modals or have any confusion about modals for Class 9, this article will guide you for easy learning. So, let’s start!

What are Modals in English Grammar?

Modals refer to the helping verbs used in a sentence to express specific hypothetical situations like requests, capability, or advice. Modals are always used with a main verb. The most common modal verbs are- may, might, shall, should, can, could, will, would, and must.

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English Grammar for Class 9 Modals Download free PDF

Today we will study an exciting topic “Modals”. Modal verbs are a special kind of helping verbs they are used to help the main verb to express the mood of the subject and at the same time indicate the possibility, persuasion, and willingness.

Modal verbs can sometimes be misleading as they express a completely different view especially when it comes to using them in a sentence. Fortunately, modal verbs are pretty simple when they are put to use.



Modal Auxiliary Verbs

They are also called semi-modal auxiliary verbs, central modal auxiliary verbs, pure modal auxiliary verbs, coloured auxiliary, and pure modals. They are used with the main verbs to express ideas such as permission, obligation, prohibition, suggestions, possibility, intentions, ability, etc.

Modal auxiliary verbs are: shall, will, can, may, should, would, could, might, must, and had better.

For example, Can you drive a car?(ability)

Rekha said that she might visit her. (possibility)

You must attend this seminar. (obligation).

Semi-Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Semi-modal auxiliary verbs or semi-modal also known as Marginal modal verbs are verbs that behave partially like the main verb and partly like an auxiliary verb.

Semi-modal auxiliary verb: dare, need, used to, ought to, have to.

For example,

I dare not cross the line of upsetting my mother.

You need not enquire about this.

I used to wake up early when I was in college.

We ought to exercise every day. 

The Modal Verbs

The Modal Verbs

Modal Verbs

1. Can

“Can” is used to denote the ability of the noun/ pronoun to perform an action or to request permission to act.


  • I can dance.

  • Can I dance?

  • Sonu can swim.

  • Sheela can paint.

  • Raju can drive cars.


2. Could

“Could” is used to denote the ability of the subject to perform an action or an offer made by the subject to do an action.


  • He could dance.

  • She could solve her problems.

  • He could decipher the sentence.

  • We could live without care when we were younger. 

  • They could enter without any issue.


3. May

“May” is usually used in sentences to denote the probability or possibility of an action taking place or to request permission to do something.


  • May I come in?

  • He may like the color.

  • She may attend the party.

  • The dog may like the toy.

  • She may come in today.


4. Might

“Might” is commonly used to denote the probability of an action taking place or to suggest possibilities.


  • She might like the presentation.

  • He might like the shirt.

  • She might not like the colour.

  • He might like drawing over painting.

  • The teacher might conduct a test.


5. Will

The word "will" is a highly popular and straightforward method to describe what you expect or plan to happen in the future.


  • She will attend the party.

  • He will participate in the competition.

  • They will attend the party.

  • Raju will swim.

  • Sheela will dance at the party.


6. Would

“Would” is commonly used to show politeness while requesting or asking if an action can be done by the noun/pronoun.


  • He would love to attend the party.

  • She would love to honour the gathering.

  • The teacher would love to interact with the student.

  • The priest would love to address the gathering.

  • He would love the attend the exhibition.


7. Shall

A modal verb used to suggest future action is "shall." It frequently appears in proposals like "Shall we go?" and is most frequently employed in phrases that begin with "I" or "we." As a verb, "shall" is typically used to denote commitments or voluntary actions.


  • We shall attend the gathering.

  • Shall I use your notebook?

  • Shall I finalise this?

  • You shall let me know if you need anything.

  • He shall dance.


8. Should

The modal verb "should" is frequently employed to offer suggestions or counsel. It can be used to convey both obligation and expectation.


  • You should respect your elders.

  • Should I send it out?

  • He should prefer this over that.

  • She should pay more attention.

  • You should pick one.


9. Must

“Must” is used to denote the necessity of an action to be done by the subject.


  • You must keep your surroundings clean.

  • He must list down the options.

  • She must choose one.

  • He must address the listeners.

  • You must plant trees.


10. Ought

“Ought” is used to denote the obligation of the subject to perform a particular action.


  • He ought to pay the fine.

  • She ought to respect her teacher.

  • He ought to behave well.

  • We ought to salute the warriors.

  • We ought to honor the soldiers.


Difficult Words with  Meanings




The act of persuading somebody


Happy to do something


A law or rule that prohibits somebody


A state of doing something because of a promise



Practice Questions

Fill in the blanks

  1. I ___ run fast to catch the train.

  2. I ___ bring milk on my way home.

  3. He ___ faces a lot of problems getting this approved.

  4. She ___ be at school on time.

  5. He ___ does what makes him happy.

  6. ___ I get you a glass of water?

  7. He ___ takes part in the occasion.

  8. We ___take care of our surroundings.



  1. I should run fast to catch the train.

  2. I can bring milk on my way home.

  3. He might face a lot of problems to get this approved.

  4. She should be at school on time.

  5. He must do what makes him happy.

  6. Can I get you a glass of water?

  7. He will take part in the occasion.

  8. We must take care of our surroundings.

Benefits of Learning Modals for Class 9

  • It is very important to know the use of modals in English grammar as these verbs are widely used in the English language.

  • Modal verbs are used in a sentence to create nuances of expression.

  • Some of the modal verbs are the verbs that are used to express politeness while proposing a suggestion or asking a question. 

Examples of Modals Class 9

  • I can play the flute.

  • She must come to tomorrow’s class. 

  • You should not skip school. 

  • The train might get delayed because of the heavy rainfall.

Facts About Modals Class 9

Use of Modals in English Grammar

Modal: Can 




I can help you to pass the examination.


She can fail if she doesn’t study hard.


Can you tell my friend to call me tomorrow?


I can play tennis.

Taking permission

Can I borrow your English grammar book?

Modal: Must




Your father must be late for his office due to the traffic jam.


You must read this book.


You must eat vegetables.

Modal: Might



Offering hesitantly

Might I help your brother with his homework?


She might be late for today’s class.

Modals: Could 



Ability (in the past)

I could go to the playground anytime I wanted.

Questioning politely

Could I watch TV for 10 minutes, please?


It could get very cold in Kashmir.

Requesting politely

Could I help her, please?

Suggesting politely

You could go to the hills last summer vacation.

Offering politely

I could give her my notebook if she needed it.

Modals: Will



Demand, wish, request

Will you give me your notebook?


I will call you every day.


I think she will be late for class again.

Modals: Would 



Request, wish

Would you play badminton with me?

Past habits

Sometimes she would borrow my story books.

Modals: Shall



Giving suggestions

You shall work out every morning.

Modals: May not




You may not awake late at night.

Modals: Ought to 




You ought to study every morning.


You ought to stop eating junk food every day.

Modals: Need to



Something that is not necessary

You need not attend the music class as our music teacher is out of town.

Important Topics of Class 9 English Grammar Modals

In this chapter, you will learn:

  • What are modals in English grammar?

  • Use of modals in English grammar

  • Practising modals exercises for Class 9 CBSE with answers


English has many modal verbs, and you've probably encountered them hundreds of times without realising what they are called. Modals are unique verbs that differ from regular verbs in several ways. The modal verbs are employed to communicate capacity, potential, authorization, or duty. One or more of these modalities can be expressed using any of the modal verbs. They can also be used to create conditional sentences and the English future tense. They are never used alone; a primary verb is always used after them. They offer further specifics regarding the main verb. They can be used to convey confidence, potential, readiness, duty, obligation, necessity, and aptitude. 

The Free PDF is best for taking modal notes for Class 9 students. All modal verbs and their usage are briefly introduced in the PDF with many examples. The modals exercises for Class 9 in the PDF will be very helpful for your kids to practice the chapter after reading the explanations. You can use this PDF as the worksheet on modals for Class 9 and make their learning more fun-filling and easy.

Our main goal is to provide as many free study resources to the school students as possible. All our study materials are based solely on NCERT textbooks, and we try to cover all the chapters. You can also get the NCERT book links from our website.

FAQs on English Grammar Class 9 Modals

1. What is the speciality of modals?

Modals are the helping verb that affects or changes the form of other verb/verbs in the sentence.

2. How many modal verbs are present in English Grammar?

There are 9 moral verbs in English: can, will, shall, may, could, should, might, would, and could. There are other moral verbs called quasi-modal verbs like has to, ought to, and need to.

3. When are modal verbs used in a sentence?

Modal verbs are used in a sentence for many purposes like expressing ability, possibility, request, suggestion, asking or granting permission, necessity, commanding, habit, and likelihood.