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Last updated date: 16th May 2024
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What is Abalone?

Abalone is a large marine gastropod mollusk (ab-ah-LOW-nee). The large sea snail is most commonly found in cold waters off the coasts of New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Japan, and North America's west coast. Its meat is extremely rich, flavorful, and highly prized, and it is considered a culinary delicacy. Abalone is one of the most expensive seafoods on the market, and it is frequently sold live in the shell, frozen, or canned. It is commonly cut into thick steaks and pan-fried, but it can also be eaten raw or mixed into other dishes.

Abalone Meaning

Abalone is a gastropod mollusk that lives in saltwater along the coast. It is a member of the Haliotidae family and can grow to be 4 to 10 inches long. It has a single shell on top, like other univalve snails, and uses a large foot to cling to rocks and eat algae. The shell of an abalone is flat and spiral-shaped, with several small holes around the edges. Because of the shape of its shell, it is also known as ear shells and sea ears. The interior of the shell is decorated with an iridescent mother of pearl (nacre) pattern that is as valuable as the meat it protects.


The popularity of abalone resulted in overfishing, which nearly led to the shellfish's extinction. Both white and black abalone that live off the California coast are endangered species, and it is illegal in many parts of the world to collect wild abalone from the oceans. Wild abalone populations are recovering as a result of careful management practises and stringent harvesting regulations. Farmed abalone is becoming more widely available.


It is expensive due to regulations and the fact that abalone requires special preparation before eating. The abalone in the shell must be carefully pried out of the shell and the meat tenderised. People who eat the shellfish say it's worth the money and effort because the meat is sweet, salty, and buttery at the same time.

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How to Cook Abalone?

To prepare abalone, it must be shucked, cleaned, and tenderised; otherwise, the meat will be rubbery. A solid round muscle at the bottom of the abalone attaches it to its shell. A wide, flat wooden spatula works well for gently releasing the meat from the shell. Prior to shelling, it may be soaked, blanched, or frozen. After that, the viscera (guts), black edges, and tough outer skin are removed. Although all parts are edible, eating these trimmed pieces requires taste and careful preparation, so they are frequently discarded.


The cleaned abalone meat must be tenderised, which is often accomplished by pounding it whole or in thick-cut steaks; it can also be accomplished through long, slow cooking methods. Because the delicate flesh absorbs the flavours of the other foods it is cooked with, seasoning should be kept to a minimum. Abalone is a delicate delicacy that is often gently and quickly fried in a pan, though it can also be steamed or poached. It is also consumed raw, most notably in Japanese sashimi.


What Does Abalone Taste Like?

When properly prepared, abalone has a flavour that is often compared to a cross between scallops and foie gras. Abalone has a crisp chewiness with a distinct saltiness from the ocean waters in which it lives, but it is also rich and sweet with a buttery finish. This food is also a great way to get a taste of umami.


Abalone vs. Whelk

Whelk is a gastropod that belongs to the Buccindae family. It is significantly less expensive than abalone. Whelk is primarily an Atlantic Ocean sea snail with a spiral shell that is commonly found in European cuisines. It is smaller than abalone, requires less preparation, and is frequently cooked and served in the shell. The flavour is similar to clams, and it can easily become overcooked and chewy.



There are approximately 100 species of abalone in the world. In aquaculture, about 15 species are grown, and North America is home to about nine of them. The most common abalone colours are black, pink, pinto, red, and white.


Abalone Recipes

Abalone is frequently prepared in a delicate manner that highlights the shellfish's prized meat. Gourmet dishes frequently fry steaks, sometimes in butter and with mushrooms, while one popular California dish breads the steak before cooking. Abalone is frequently found in upscale versions of Southeast Asian restaurant dishes, such as raw as sashimi or tartare, as part of a baked seafood medley platter, or as a topping for soup and porridge.

  • Dynamite Pan-Fried Abalone Japanese Baked

  • Porridge with Korean Vegetables (Yachae Jook)

Where to Buy Abalone?

It is illegal in many parts of the world to harvest or sell wild abalone. The laws vary greatly, and if you plan on diving for abalone, you should check the rules and regulations in your area. Even commercial fishers are frequently limited in the number of wild abalones they can catch in a given amount of time. Abalone farming has become popular in areas where this unique mollusk lives. It's an easy way to find sustainably raised abalone; just make sure you buy from a reputable supplier. Fresh abalone is frequently shipped overnight.


Whole abalone is typically sold by the pound. It's important to remember that the shell is heavy; keep in mind that you'll only get about half of the total weight in meat. Fresh abalone should be thick, dark, and free of odours when purchased. Because of the additional processing required, shucked, cleaned, and frozen abalone meat is available at a price comparable to whole shellfish. Abalone, in either form, is expensive and considered a luxury food. Finding a "deal" on this shellfish may indicate that it is of poor quality or was harvested illegally.


Canned abalone is available, though it is not widely available. It's convenient when cleaned and cooked, but it's also one of the most expensive canned foods you'll find in your pantry.


Storing Abalone

Fresh abalone should be prepared and eaten the same day it is caught or purchased. It can be kept alive in the refrigerator overnight by placing it in a bowl covered with wet towels. Any abalone that won't be eaten the next day should be shucked, cleaned, and frozen. The USDA recommends eating frozen raw shellfish within three to eight months for the best flavour. Abalone canned commercially can be stored for up to five years.


Nutrition and Benefits of Abalone

Abalone is a high-protein, low-fat, and cholesterol-free shellfish. It is high in nutrients and has been shown in studies to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-cancer properties.


Abalone is high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have a variety of health benefits such as lowering the risk of heart disease and relieving joint pain. It's one of the best ways to get more iodine in your diet; the mineral is essential for a healthy thyroid.


Abalone Price

As a result, the quantity fished is limited in comparison to demand, and the price of wild abalone can range from $500USD to $500USD per kilo, depending on size. The fact that abalone shells are quite heavy only adds to the problem, as a kilo caught equates to about 250 grammes of meat.


Abalone is particularly prized in Southeast Asian cuisine. Dishes made with this illustrious mollusk can cost a small fortune in Japan, where it is known as the "truffle of the sea."


All of this is before we even get to the taste: it's a wonder that no one who tries it will ever forget. It tastes like a small and delicate piece of its ocean home, with the crispness of its meat, iodine, and fine texture standing out.


Healing Properties for Abalone Shell

Peace, compassion, and love are said to be enhanced by abalone shells. It has a pleasant, warm, and gentle vibration. It's great for calming nerves and encouraging a calm demeanour when dealing with difficult emotional issues. It is said to gently assist in the opening of our psychic and intuitive connections.

When it comes to relationship guidance, Abalone Shell is an excellent companion because it improves and supports communication, cooperation, commitment, and compromise, which leads to harmony and balance. It also helps us understand both sides of an issue by encouraging us to "put ourselves in the shoes of the other person" and thus gain a more objective viewpoint, which is beneficial to both parties.

The Abalone Shell is an ideal gift for those who have survived traumatic experiences, as it reminds them that while they may have been tossed and turned as the shell has been in the sea, they are only more beautiful as a result.

Spiritual Healing

Abalone Shell is thought to increase self-awareness. It also encourages the wearer to reflect on his life experiences, which contributes to spiritual augmentation and inner steadiness. Typically, this beautiful shell is known to cater to the various colours in life such as purity, harmony, and virtue. It is said to be endowed with Mother Nature's innate powers. Its magnificent colours reflect the light of the sun on the holder's daily life. Its natural colours reflect the wearer's spiritual life. As a talisman, this shell aids in the holder's understanding of the spiritual universe. It also serves to realise spiritual knowledge, which aids in bringing it to life.

The following are some facts about the Abalone shell:

  • The colours of the abalone shell vary depending on the food that the mollusk consumes. The water current and temperature of the water also influence the beautiful effects on the abalone shells.

  • The inner lining of the shell is made of nacre, the same element that is used to make pearls. The lining features colourful swirls and spirals shaded with colours such as pink, indigo, green, blue, and so on. Because of the gleam and appeal of these colours on abalone, it is ideal for jewellery and other embellishments.

  • Because abalone shells are so diverse in nature, no two shells have the same pattern or design.

  • Abalone, like oysters, produces pearls, but they are difficult and rare to find because even minor injuries to the abalone cause it to die.

FAQs on Abalone

Question 1. Is Abalone Expensive?

Answer. The marine snail abalone is one of the world's most expensive seafood. Because of the high prices they command and the colour of their pearly under flesh, abalone has been dubbed "white gold" as demand has increased.

Question 2. Why is Abalone Illegal?

Answer. Due to overfishing, the state banned commercial fishing in 1997 and only allowed recreational shellfish fishing north of the Golden Gate. After commercial abalone fishing was prohibited, abalone farms sprouted up throughout the state, though the majority of what they produced was shipped to Asia until recently.

Question 3. Is Abalone Good to Eat?

Answer. They can be eaten raw or cooked, like clams, but grilling seems to be the best method. Place them on any grill shell, side down, and let them cook in their own juices. Because of the salt water in which it lives, the flavour is naturally buttery and salty. It's chewy, like a calamari steak, but that's not a bad thing.

Question 4. Does an Abalone have a Brain?

Answer. Although abalone lacks a centralised brain, the network of nerves that runs throughout its body performs the same function. All abalone, including this northern abalone, scrape algae with their barbed tongues, or "radula."