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Infrastructure Class 11 Notes CBSE Economics Chapter 8 (Free PDF Download)

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Revision Notes for Class 11 Indian Economic Development Chapter 8 - Free PDF Download

Class 11 Economics is an interesting subject to study. The 8th chapter of this syllabus is infrastructure. This chapter deals with the various elements responsible for the development of the economy. These elements can also bring a social change for the benefit of all or few. Infrastructure is a very crucial chapter to learn. The new concepts are well-described in the textbook. To recall what you have studied in this chapter, you can proceed to download the Infrastructure Class 11 Economics notes PDF for free. Vedantu has developed a set of revision notes for the students who want an intuitive platform to recapitulate the new concepts they have learned easily. 

These notes are designed by the top economics teachers in the team. The concise representation of the concepts will surely help students to remember what they have studied without wasting too much time. This file can be downloaded and accessed via a computer or a smartphone anytime you want. It will not take too much space on your devices either. Make your preparation more productive using the revision notes for Chapter 8 Economics Class 11.

Download CBSE Class 11 Chapter-wise Economics Revision Notes 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 11 Economics revision notes for all chapters:


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Access Revision Notes of Class 11 Indian Economics Chapter 08 - Infrastructure

Infrastructure:  Refers to the central element of economic and social change, as a support system for productive activities in the economy. 

Types of Infrastructure 

  1. Economic Infrastructure: Refers to all the elements of economic changes, such as electricity, transportation, communications, etc., as a support system for the economic growth process. It promotes economic growth, thus improving people's living standards. 

  2. Social Infrastructure: It refers to the central elements of social change, such as schools, colleges, hospitals, banks, etc. It is a support system for the social development process of a country. The social infrastructure focuses on the development of human resources, which means the development of trained people and healthy and efficient people. Accelerate the human development process.

 

The Difference Between Economic Infrastructure and Social Infrastructure:

Social Infrastructure

Economic Infrastructure

Help the economic system from abroad (indirectly).

Help the economic system from within (directly)

Improves the quality of human resources.

Improves the quality of economic resources 

As health, education

As energy, transportation


The Importance of Infrastructure

  1. Increase in productivity: Infrastructure plays an important role in increasing productivity. Improving roads, warehouses, etc. Farmers can easily sell their products in different markets. 

  2. Expand the market scale: Infrastructure expands the market scale, because mass production can occupy more markets. 

  3. Improve work capacity: Social infrastructure improves the quality of life of workers, thus increasing their efficiency. Health centers, educational institutions, and other similar facilities have inherited skills that enhance work capacity and efficiency. 

  4. Promote outsourcing: India is becoming a global destination for all kinds of outsourcing. For example, call centers, learning centers, etc. 

  5. Build links in production: Better transportation and education methods, strong banking and financial systems produce better inter-industry linkages. 

 

State of India's infrastructure 

India's infrastructure investment accounts for about 5% of GDP, which is much lower than China and Indonesia. In cooperation with the government, the cooperation between the private sector and the public sector also plays a very important role in the development of infrastructure. India needs to develop its infrastructure, especially in the areas of rural energy, water, basic services and sanitation needs.

Energy is the lifeline of all production activities. In fact, energy is inseparable from any type of production activity.  Sources of energy: 

  1. Conventional Energy: These are energy sources that we know and have been widely used for a long time. Examples include coal, oil, natural gas, and electricity. They are of two types: 

    1.  Commercial sources: coal, oil and electricity. 

    2. Non-commercial sources: agricultural waste from firewood and dry manure. 

  2. Unconventional Energy: These are recently discovered or explored energy sources, but have not yet been widely used. 

 

Energy/Electricity 

The most obvious form of energy, usually considered to be the advancement of modern civilization, is energy/electricity. 

Challenges Faced by the Power Industry

  1. India’s installed power generation capacity is not enough to drive 9% economic growth; currently, India's annual installed capacity is 20,000 MW. Even the installed capacity of  has not been fully utilized. 

  2. Due to transmission and distribution losses, incorrect electricity prices and other  inefficiencies, the National Electricity Board (SEB), which distributes electricity, suffered more than 500 million in losses. 

  3. Private-sector power generators have not yet played an important role, as are  foreign investors. 

  4. Due to high electricity prices and prolonged blackouts in different areas of the country, the public is generally turbulent. 

  5. Thermal power plants, the backbone of India's energy sector, face shortage of raw materials and coal 


Health 

It is a state of complete physical, mental and social health. A person's ability to work largely depends on their health. Improves quality of life. 


Status of the Health Infrastructure

  1. Since independence, the entity that provides health services has expanded significantly and health indicators have improved in, but this is not enough to satisfy rapid population growth in India. 

  2. The public health system and facilities are inadequate to meet the needs of the majority of the population. 

  3. In terms of utilization of medical and health facilities, there is a large gap between rich and poor between urban and rural areas. 

  4. The health of women across the country has become a matter of great concern, there are reports that female abortions and mortality rates are increasing. 

  5. Regulated private sector health services can improve the situation. At the same time, NGO and community involvement is very important in health service delivery and health awareness in reading.


Revision Notes For CBSE Class 11 Economics Chapter 8 Infrastructure

Infrastructure: Class 11 Chapter 8 Economics Revision Notes Summary

This is an excellent chapter included in the Class 11 Economics syllabus. The chapter will describe what infrastructure is and how it important for social and economical development. All the factors and elements related to infrastructure will be properly discussed in the textbook. Every core element of this chapter will be discussed elaborately along with proper examples so that you can find the new concepts easy to understand and imbibe the knowledge.

Chapter 8 Economics Class 11 define what economic infrastructure is. This section has the core elements of development such a communication, power, transport, etc. All these elements maintain a proper balance resulting in the economic development of human civilization. These elements become a support system for the betterment of the lives of all humans in society.

As per Infrastructure Chapter notes, Social infrastructure, on the other hand, comprises education, institutions, banks, hospitals, and other elements required for the welfare and development of the society. It is very crucial for a country’s social development. On proceeding further, you will learn the difference between economic infrastructure and social infrastructure. These differences cited will be very helpful to remember the features of both types of development included in infrastructure.

In the next section, you will find an elaborate description of the various points related to infrastructure. Here, you will find myriads of benefits of developing the infrastructure. It will help in raising the level of productivity. It will also help to raise the market size and help in increasing the manufacturing process on a large scale. If you refer to the Infrastructure Economics Class 11 revision notes, you will find how easily you can recall these benefits of infrastructure. Every human living in a progressive society will be able to find new work or space to grow. It will deliver benefits to all on mutual ground. Everyone will be benefitted from others’ growth.

In the next section of the chapter, you will learn what is the current condition of infrastructure in India. It is an elaborate part of the chapter that you need to study very carefully to learn how our country is growing in terms of economy. To make it easier to remember, you can refer to the Infrastructure notes developed by the experts. If you concentrate on the economic development of a country, you will find that energy plays an important role. Find out what sources of energy India are using to walk on the path of development. You will also learn the different challenges faced by the power sector.

The same studies will be done in the health sector. This section will discuss the factors influencing our healthcare system and the wide gap between the urban and rural healthcare systems. The problems India faces in this sector will also be elaborated on in the chapter. Consider using the revision notes Infrastructure Chapter Class 11 to remember the points faster before an exam.

FAQs on Infrastructure Class 11 Notes CBSE Economics Chapter 8 (Free PDF Download)

1. Why should you use revision notes for Chapter 8 Economics Class 11?

The prime reason for using Class 11 Economics Indian Development notes PDF download is its ease of use to recall the vivid concepts you have learned in this chapter. Use the revision notes to save time and prepare the chapter faster.

2. Why is it important to study ‘economic infrastructure’?

If you refer to the Infrastructure Class 11 notes, you will find how important it is to learn what influences and controls the economic development of a country. Someday, you will also participate in this economic development of India.

3. What is infrastructure?

Infrastructure is the core or basic supporting system of any countries’ economy that helps it work properly. The infrastructure contains different features like schools, hospitals, communication, roads, industries, bridges, dams, electricity and food. These features encourage economic growth and development by promoting activities like savings in banks or mutual funds, production and investments in different sectors, etc, to boost the rotation of currency in the country.

For study material related to Economics Class 11 Chapter 8, students can visit the vedantu app, click the on CBSE Class 11 Chapter 8 - Infrastructure Revision Notes.

4. Write classification of infrastructure. 

Infrastructure is classified into two categories. 

  • Economic infrastructure- It contains components or features that are useful in the distribution and production of materials. The production of goods can be increased through the quality of resources. The production serves itself as the support system of growth and development of the economy. For example; energy, transportation, communication. 

  • Social infrastructure- It enhances the quality of human life. It includes components like schools, hospitals, etc. Social infrastructure boosts human productivity by improving the standards of living.

 Detailed solutions are available on Vedantu for Class 11 Chapter 8 Economics. The solution is free of cost from the vedantu website (vedantu.com).

5.How does infrastructure help to increase production? 

Infrastructure helps to boost production in numerous ways like- 

  • Irrigation facilities help agriculture enhance crop production. If farmers weren’t given irrigation facilities then they had to depend on rainfall that could lead to less production. 

  • Industries require various facilities like machinery, technology, transportation, sufficient equipment to carry out management and operations-related activities. If these industries are given these facilities then the production of goods will be increased. And they will be delivered to the market on time. 

6. Explain the condition of rural infrastructure in India. 

Infrastructure in rural areas is not as good as the infrastructure in urban areas. People in rural areas are still dependent on animal waste like cow dung and wood to fulfil their energy requirements. They grow crops in their fields to earn their livelihood. In villages, only half of the households have access to electricity and the rest are still using kerosene to lighten up their houses. Villagers use biofuel to cook food. They don’t have access to LPG cylinders. Also, there is a lack of sanitation and clean water. Hence, the government must focus on strengthening infrastructure in rural areas to improve the economy of the country. 

7. Write the differences between commercial and non-commercial sources of energy.

The differences are as follows.

  • Commercial energy sources are those sources of energy for which the user has to pay money for access. Whereas, non-commercial sources of energy are those sources of energy that can be used for free. 

  • Commercial energy sources are used in the industrial, agricultural, and transportation sectors to do their operation and management-based activities. While non-commercial energy sources are used for household purposes. 

  • Examples of commercial energy sources are petrol, natural gas, coal, etc. Whereas cow dung, firewood are some examples of non-commercial energy sources.