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Rural Development Class 11 Notes CBSE Economics Chapter 6 [Free PDF Download]

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Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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Revision Notes for Class 11 Indian Economic Development Chapter 6 - Free PDF Download

If you are looking for the Rural Development class 11 notes PDF you have landed in the perfect place. The following article aims at proving the Rural Development class 11 notes in an exam-oriented manner through which you can definitely understand the basics of the chapter. Rural Development in India class 11 is one of the most important chapters in Indian Economic Development carrying decent marks in the exam. Follow the article minutely to grab the most of it.

Download CBSE Class 11 Chapter-wise Economics Revision Notes 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 11 Economics revision notes for all chapters:


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Access Class 11 Economics Indian Economic Development Chapter 6 - Rural Development Notes

Rural Development

It is a broad word that focuses on taking action to develop regions that are falling behind in the overall growth of the village economy.


Objectives of Rural Development

  • Increasing productivity of the agricultural sector.

  • Generating alternative means of livelihood in the rural sector.

  • Increasing access to education and health care in rural communities.

  • Infrastructural development.

  • Human resource development in rural areas.

  • Poverty alleviation.


Key Initiatives in Rural Development:

  • Crop diversification reduces production risks and encourages commercialization of agriculture.

  • Promotion of organic farming with a view to make crop cultivation environmentally friendly as well as a sustainable process over a long period of time.

  • Human resource development.

  • Healthcare improvement, addressing both cleanliness and public health.

  • Diversification of production activities in order to identify alternatives to crop-cultivation as a source of sustainable existence.

  • A marketing mechanism that ensures the farmer receives a fair price for his produce.


Rural Credit:

Rural credit means credit for the farming communities. Farmers require credit for various purposes like purchasing agricultural tools and machines, digging wells and tube wells, purchasing seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, etc. The time between seeding and harvesting is very long. As a result, farmers have to borrow money to meet their demands at this time.


Sources of Rural credit:

The availability of rural credit can be divided into two categories:

  • Non-institutional Sources:  These are the traditional sources of agricultural credit in India. They include money lenders, relatives, traders, commission agents and landlords.

  • Institutional Sources: Institutional sources include cooperative credit, commercial banks, regional rural banks, the government, land development banks, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NBNR), self-help groups etc.


Agricultural Marketing System:

Agricultural Marketing is the process of putting together, storing, processing, transporting, packaging, grading, and distributing various agricultural commodities throughout the country.


Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing :

Following independence, the government has taken a number of steps to enhance the country's agricultural marketing system. 

In order to regulate the markets, it has enacted the following measures:

  • Regulated Markets: The first measure was regulation of markets, to create orderly and transparent marketing conditions. This is set up to safeguard farmers from the misdeeds of sellers and brokers.

  • Cooperative Marketing: Marketing societies are formed by farmers to sell the output collectively and to take advantage of collective bargaining for obtaining a better price. However, cooperatives have not been able to function properly in the recent past due to inadequate coverage of farmer members, inefficient management etc.

  • Infrastructural facilities: Govt. had also provided infrastructural facilities like roads. railways, warehousing. old storage and processing units in order to develop the rural sector of India.

  • Standardization and Grading: Grading and quality control helps farmers to get good prices for quality products produced by them. Also it simplifies the task, and enhances the efficiency of their work by proper segregation and bifurcation of output of different grades and standards.

  1. Policy Instruments:

    1. Minimum Support Price: It is the price set by the government of India in order to protect farmers' interests in terms of the prices of their agricultural products like wheat, rice, maize, cotton, sugarcane, pulses, and others. To help farmers recover their losses, the government is willing to buy any amount of grains from them at a price greater than the market price.

    2. Buffer Stock: Food Corporation of India holds stock of crops like wheat and rice in order to balance the price differences due to demand and supply, or face emergencies.

    3. Public Distribution System: PDS is used to distribute food grains and sugar. These tools are designed to secure farmers' revenue while also delivering food grains to the poor at a reduced price. 


Defects of Agricultural Market in India :

The existing agricultural marketing system has a number of flaws. 

The following are some of the flaws that cause the marketing system to be disorganized.

  • Insufficient storage facilities: Lack of storage facilities for food grain and crops has damaged the products either by rats or insects or due to rain.

  • Distress Sale: Most Indian farmers are poor and they have no capacity to wait for a better price. They sell the commodities at whatever price is available, and hence as a result, they have to sell their output at a low price to village money lenders or traders in distress.

  • Lack of transportation: As a result of inefficient transportation system, farmers cannot reach the market to sell their produce at a fair price. Hence, place utility cannot take place.

  • Middlemen: Long chain of middlemen or intermediaries between the cultivator and the consumer also reduces the profit of the producer, with a major chunk being taken by the mediator himself.

  • Other issues: There are also other defects like lack of institutional finance, lack of guidance etc. which makes the Indian marketing system disorganized.


Diversification of Agricultural Activity:

Diversification includes two aspects:

  1. Diversification of crop production: Crop diversification entails switching from a single cropping system to various cropping systems. This also involves shifting cropping patterns from food grains to cash crops. The main aim is to promote the shift from subsistence farming to commercial farming.

  2. Diversification of Productive Activities: As the agricultural sector is already congested, the majority of the growing labor population has to look for work and employment in non-agricultural industries, and allied activities such as (livestock, poultry, fisheries etc. This will provide an alternative source of money while also providing a sustainable livelihood. It includes:

    1. Animal husbandry: Animal husbandry is the practice of livestock production, as well as breeding and taking care of cattle etc. in order to gain economically.

    2. Fisheries: For the fishing communities, the water bodies are the provider and mother. Hence, water sources are an integral part of the lives of the fishing communities. Fisheries in India has progressed significantly as a result of increased financial allocations and the adoption of new technologies in fisheries and aquaculture.

    3. Horticulture: Horticulture is the branch of agriculture concerned with growing plants for human consumption, therapeutic purposes, and ornamental gratification.

    4. Other Options: IT has played a crucial role in looking for options other than agricultural and farm activities which would help in the sustainable development.


Organic farming 

Organic farming is the natural way of growing food. Synthetic chemical fertilizers and genetically engineered organisms are not used in this procedure. It is both environmentally friendly and necessary for long-term development. It has a zero impact on the environment.


 Advantages of Organic Farming

  • It replaces more expensive agricultural inputs like HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and so on with locally generated organic inputs that are less expensive and offer good returns on investment.

  • It generates income through export as the demand for organically grown crops is on the rise.

  • It provides nutritious food since organically cultivated food has more nutrients than food produced through chemical farming.

  • It has the potential to create more jobs in India because it requires more laborer's to grow organic crops than chemically generated commodities.

  • Organic food is pesticide free and is produced in an environmentally sustainable way, thus positively contributing towards the society.


 Disadvantages of Organic Farming

  • Lack of awareness: Farmers are unaware and uneducated, hence they aren’t aware much of this concept. Though, through raising farmer awareness and willingness to adopt new methods, this situation could be improved.

  • Lack of infrastructure: There is no sufficient infrastructure or marketing facilities available to support the growth of organic crops. Organic farming should be supported by an adequate agriculture policy.

  • Production costs: High production costs for growing organic crops, as well as no subsidies in this sector also acts as a hindrance for the development of this sector.


Sustainable Development 

It is the development which aims to develop the present generation without affecting the quality of life of future generations. Sustainable development does not ban the use of any resources, but rather tries to limit their use so that they are preserved for future generations.


Operation Flood

Launched in 1966, Operation Flood is a system of milk cooperatives. This system emphasizes the pooling of milk (as per different grading/ quality standards) by farmers through cooperatives societies.  This leads to an increase in the quantum of sales as well as the market value of the product. The production in milk is also said to have increased four-fold  due to this system. 


Labour Force

It refers to the actual number of people available for work.


Cooperative Marketing

It is a system in which farmers organise marketing societies to sell their produce collectively and take advantage of collective bargaining tactics.


Non-farm sector

It refers to jobs in the government. manufacturing. services, construction, mining, retail, etc.


Labour intensive Process

It refers to a process or industry that uses a significant quantity of labor to produce its products.


 Role of IT Industries in Agriculture Development

  • Many sectors of the Indian economy have been transformed by information technology. There is a broad agreement that IT will play a critical role in achieving sustainable development and food security in the 20th century.

  • Through proper information and software tools, the government has been able to predict areas of food insecurity and vulnerability to prevent or reduce the situations of emergency food requirements.

  • It also has a positive impact on the agricultural sector as it circulates information regarding technologies and its application prices, weather and soil condition for growing different crops.

  • This has resulted in a greater understanding of agriculture, and the related aspects.

  • The aim of increasing the role of information technology is to make every village a knowledge center, where IT provides a sustainable option of employment and livelihood.


Class 11 Rural Development Notes: Details of Rural Development

If you study class 11 Economics chapter 6 notes you will get to know that Rural Development refers to the process of development of such areas that are lagging behind in the apparent growth of the village economy.


What are the Objectives of Rural Development?

The objectives of Rural Development are:

  • Amplifying the agricultural sector’s productivity

  • Creating an alternative way of livelihood in the rural sector

  • Promotion of education and health activities in the rural sector


What are The Vital Issues of Rural Development?

The vital issues of rural development in India are beautifully depicted in the Rural Development class 12 notes PDF. The issues are as follows: 

a) Crops are diversified and the risks of production are reduced. The commercialization of farming is also included.

b) Organic farming is highly promoted in order to make crop cultivation environment friendly.

c) Advancement of human resources such as health, which includes both public health and sanitation.

d) Production activity is also diversified in search of alternative ways of sustainable living without cultivation of the crop.

e) Creating a perfect market for the farmer in order to ensure the proper pricing of the product produced by the farmer.


What is Rural Credit and What are The Sources of Rural Credit?

In the Rural Development class, 11 notes Rural Credit refers to the credit possessed by the farming communities. Credit is needed by the farmers for several purposes such as buying agricultural equipment and machines, wells and tube wells digging, buying of seed, pesticides, fertilizers, etc. 


Sources of Rural Credit

The sources of Rural Credit are divided into two parts which are as follows:

  • Non-institutional Sources (Money-lenders, relatives, traders, etc)

  • Institutional Sources (Land Development banks, NABARD, RRBs, Commercial banks, etc)


What is the Agricultural Marketing System?

In class 11 Rural Development notes, Agricultural Marketing System refers to the procedure consisting of gathering, storage, processing, transportation, grading, packaging, and allocation of various agricultural goods over the country.


Methods to Progress in Agricultural Marketing

Agricultural Marketing can be progressed by the following methods:

  • Synchronized Markets

  • Cooperative Marketing

  • Facilities related to infrastructure

  • Standardization and grading of commodities produced by the farmers

  • Minimum Support Price (MSP)


What are the Loopholes of Agricultural Markets in India?

Class 11 Rural Development notes perfectly depict the loopholes of agricultural markets in India. Those are as follows:

  • Inadequate storage facility for food grains and crops

  • Inability to sell the product in proper market

  • Insufficient transportation system

  • Existence of numerous middlemen and intermediaries

  • Inadequate institutional finance and guiding


What is the Diversification of Agricultural Activity?

In the Rural Development in India class 11, diversification of agricultural activity is defined. It consists of two phenomenons which are as follows:

  • Crop Production Diversification

  • Productive Activities Diversification


What is Organic Farming?

The procedure of producing food naturally is termed Organic Farming. The exercise of producing synthetic chemical fertilizers and organisms which are genetically modified are avoided by this procedure. The impact on the environment in Organic Farming is completely nil. 

Merits:

a) Agricultural activity becomes cheaper

b) Export-oriented income is increased

c) Healthy foods are produced

d) More employment generation

e) Absence of pesticides

Demerits:

a) Less popular in India

b) Inadequate infrastructure and marketing facilities

c) Involving too many traditional methods


Why Should You Choose Vedantu?

The advantages of studying the Rural Development in India class 11 with Vedantu are described in the following:

  • Rural Development class 11 notes PDF can be downloaded easily from the official website of Vedantu.

  • Class 11 Economics Chapter 6 notes are prepared by the highly experienced teachers at Vedantu.

  • Class 11 Rural Development notes are completely free of cost.

  • In the new era of digital learning Vedantu provides easy access to all the study materials and all the PDF files can be downloaded for free.  

  • Rural Development class 11 notes are prepared entirely on the basis of CBSE guidelines.

  • At the end of the chapter, there are several question answers along with a few mock tests which will help you to prepare for the exam in a scientific way.

  • Vedantu encourages smart study which is considered to be the best way of preparation. 

FAQs on Rural Development Class 11 Notes CBSE Economics Chapter 6 [Free PDF Download]

Q1. What is sustainable development?

Sustainable Development in the Rural Development in India class 11 refers to the development which targets to develop the current generation without causing any deterioration of quality of life of the future generation. Any utilization of resources is not prohibited by sustainable development.

Q2. What is a labour-intensive process?

According to class 11 Rural Development notes, a labour-intensive process is any process adopted by an industry that involves a huge amount of labour to generate its commodities/services. 

Q3. Explain Rural Development according to Revision Notes of Chapter 6 of Class 11 Economics.


Rural development refers to the process of improving the lives of people living in rural areas by implementing plans to uplift the economic conditions of rural areas. Students, with the help of Vedantu and their qualified experts, can gain the assistance of revision notes and prepare for their Class 11 Economics exam effectively. They can download the pdf for free of cost from the Vedantu website or the app using their phones and learn from the comfort of their homes.


Q4. What are the types of Rural Development according to Revision Notes of Chapter 6 of Class 11 Economics?


Rural Development can be divided into five types. These are:

  • The ecological leisure type 

  • The traditional farming type

  • The balanced development type

  • The industrial-and-agricultural mixed type 

  • The industrial promotion type 

To gain a better understanding of this chapter, Revision Notes by Vedantu are the best choice one can make use of when it comes to revising for the finals. These revision notes are carefully designed by the subject experts for the students to ace their exams. They are free of cost and also available on Vedantu Mobile app.

Q5. What is the importance of Rural Development according to Revision Notes of Chapter 6 of Class 11 Economics?


Rural Development is important for the growth of a nation. It is very important to abolish poverty and seek mass utilization of resources and creating opportunities for all the people in the country. It ensures stability in the social and economic development of the nation. To gain a lot more insight into this chapter, students are advised to follow the revision notes designed by the professionals at Vedantu and prepare for their finals effectively.


Q6. What is agricultural marketing according to Revision Notes of Chapter 6 of Class 11 Economics?


Agricultural marketing is buying and selling of agricultural products. This is one of the marketing methods used by the framers to sell their goods through a private organization with the help of a wholesaler or retailer to reach a wider audience. The revision notes outlined by the experts at economics provide authentic information for the students to understand and grasp the concepts quickly. Download the pdf of revision notes at the Vedantu website for free of cost.


Q7. Are the Revision Notes of Chapter 6 of Class 11 Economics available?

Yes, revision notes are available for Chapter 6 Rural development of Class 11 Economics at Vedantu. These notes are curated by qualified experts to assist the students in achieving their perfect scores in the finals. Since Economics is a scoring subject, students need to understand and get well versed in all the chapters to ace their exams. Students can download the revision notes for free of cost either on the Vedantu website or the app using their phones.