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Plants having similar genotypes produced by plant breeding are called ?

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Last updated date: 24th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: An organism’s complete set of genetic material can be termed as a genotype. The genotype also refers to a particular gene or gene, such as the hair color genotype or eye color. Plant genotype means the genetic makeup of plants. The method of changing the traits of a plant in order to produce desired characteristics in them is termed as plant breeding.

Complete answer:
Plants that are produced by plant breeding with similar genotypes are referred to as clones. Plants those produced by plant breeding are of asexual reproduction method. The plants produced will be similar and identical in their genotypes. They possess the same genetic material obtained from the somatic cells of the parent plant; hence these plants are known as clones.
Clones are genetically identical to their original cell or organism from which it was derived. Clones can be defined as the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms that are asexually reduced by or from a single parent cell or organism. It can be also defined as an individual which is grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and is genetically identical to it.

Hence the answer to this question is Clones.

Notes:
The word clone originated from the ancient Greek word “klon”, which means “twig.” The process of producing individuals with identical or virtually identical DNA, either naturally or artificially is termed as cloning. Many organisms produce clones through asexual reproduction in nature itself. In biotechnology, cloning refers to the process of creating clones of organisms or copies of cells or DNA fragments. The first successfully cloned animal was Dolly which was a sheep.