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Where do flamingos migrate to their nest in large numbers in India?
A. Himalayas
B. Thar
C. Rann of Kachchh
D. Coastal areas

Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Flamingos or flamingoes are a type of wading bird belonging to the family Phoenicopteridae. Flamingos usually stand on a single leg with the other tucked beneath the body. Flamingos are social birds living in colonies whose populations can number in the thousands. There are four flamingo species distributed all over the Americas and two species native to, Asia, Europe, and Africa.

Complete step by step answer:
Even though flamingos are generally non-migratory birds, climatic changes and changes in water levels in their breeding habitats force them to migrate from one place to another. Due to changes in the climate and water levels in their breeding areas, they tend to migrate. Their colonies are not always permanent. Some Flamingoes breed in lakes present at higher altitudes where water freezes during the winter season, thus these flamingoes migrate to warmer areas. They don’t prefer to migrate to the Himalayas which freeze over the winter. When the water level rises, birds may search for more favourable areas. Most of these birds come back to their original colony for the purpose of breeding. that migrate will return to their native colony to breed. Flamingoes migrate mainly at night. They prefer to fly with a favourable tailwind and cloudless sky.
During the monsoon season, the Rann desert gets flooded by water, turning it into a lush wetland. So flamingoes prefer to migrate into Rann of Kachchh. Thar desert is a sandy plain with yearly rainfall as low as 150 millimetres. So Flamingoes don’t prefer Thar. Flamingoes don’t migrate to coastal areas as well.

Option ‘C’ is correct

They can travel up to 600 km in one night at about 50 to 60 kph. When travelling during the day, these birds fly at a height in order to escape their predator-the eagles. Usually, flamingoes seek habitats similar to their natural habitat. They fly at high altitudes, possibly to avoid predation by eagles.