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Magnetic Monopole

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Magnetic Monopole and Electric Monopole

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In particle Physics, a magnetic monopole is a speculative rudimentary molecule that is a separated magnet with just a single magnetic pole (a north pole without a south pole or the other way around). A magnetic monopole carries a net "magnetic charge".

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However, electric monopoles are a single-point charge, like an electron or positron, in which all the electric field lines point internally for a net negative electric charge or away for a net positive electric charge.

This is how a magnetic monopole and electric monopole looks like:

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This page will give you ample information on magnetic monopoles, electric monopoles, Dirac monopole, and monopole uses.

Point to Note:

From the above text, we understand that all matter at any point disengaged to date, remembering each atom on the periodic table and each particle in the standard model, has zero magnetic monopole charge.


Consequently, the common phenomena of magnetism and magnets have nothing to do with magnetic monopoles.

Magnetic Monopole Discovery

Numerous early researchers credited the attraction of lodestones to two diverse "magnetic fluids" ("effluvia"), a north-pole fluid toward one side and a south-pole fluid at the other, which pulled in and repulsed each other in similarity to positive and negative electric charge.

However, an improved comprehension of electromagnetism in the nineteenth century showed that the magnetism of lodestones was appropriately clarified not by attractive monopole fluids, yet rather by a mix of electric currents, the electron magnetic moment, and the magnetic moments of different particles. 


Gauss’s law for magnetism, one of Maxwell's equations, is the numerical explanation that magnetic monopoles don't exist. 


In any case, Pierre Curie brought up in 1894 that magnetic monopoles could possibly exist, regardless of not having been seen up until this point.


What After Curie’s Statement on Magnetic Monopoles?

Pierre Curie called attention to in 1894 that magnetic monopoles could possibly exist, notwithstanding not having been seen up until now. 

Dirac Magnetic Monopole

The quantum theory of magnetic charge began on a paper by the physicist Paul Dirac in 1931.


In this paper, Dirac showed that assuming any magnetic monopoles exist in the universe, all-electric charges in the universe should be quantized (Dirac quantization condition).


The electric charge is, indeed, quantized, which is steady with (however doesn't demonstrate) the presence of monopoles. 

What after the Dirac Monopole Experiment?

Dirac Monopole

Since Dirac's paper, a few precise monopole experiments have been performed. 


Trials in 1975, and 1982 created concurrent occasions that were at first deciphered as monopoles, yet are currently viewed as inconclusive. Therefore, it stays an open inquiry whether monopoles exist. 

No Magnetic Monopoles

Further advances in hypothetical particle Physics, especially improvements in grand unified theories (GUTs), and quantum gravity, have prompted additional convincing contentions that monopolies do exist. 


Joseph Polchinski, a string-scholar, depicted the presence of monopoles as "probably the most secure bet that one can make about material science not yet seen". These speculations are not really conflicting with the exploratory proof.

Why Theory on Magnetic Moments Still Remains a Confusion?

The theories mentioned in the “no magnetic monopoles” are not really conflicting with the exploratory proof. 


In some hypothetical models, magnetic monopoles are probably not going to be noticed, in light of the fact that they are too monstrous to even consider making in particle accelerators, and furthermore too uncommon in the Universe to enter a particle detector with much probability.

Dynamic Examination of a Magnetic Monopole

Some dense matter frameworks propose a design cursorily like a magnetic monopole, known as a flux tube. 


The finishes of a flux tube form a magnetic dipole, however since they move autonomously, they can be treated for some reasons as free magnetic monopole quasiparticles. 


Since 2009, various news reports from the famous media have mistakenly portrayed these frameworks as the long-anticipated revelation of the magnetic monopoles, yet the two marvels are simply cursorily identified with one another. These consolidated matter frameworks stay a space of dynamic examination/active research.

Now, Let Us Understand the Magnetic Monopole Uses:

Magnetic Monopole Uses

  • Magnetic monopoles can contain or isolate fields of ether.

The reason is, by polarizing a spherical metallic chamber with an outward field (or by building dividers made of connected loops), the chamber gets loaded up with an etheric vacuum. This has demonstrated to be an exceptionally solid obstruction against outside attacks, particularly electromagnetic and etheric ones.

  • Charged magnetic monopoles repulse each other actually like magnets. This could likely be utilized to construct a genuine magnetic levitation rail route, by setting sheets of comparative monopoles under the train and on the tracks. Propulsion would be possible by calculating the sheets, which would speed up or decelerate the train (however, making a monopole out of a sheet of metal has proven difficult, and impractical work).

Do You Know?

  • Conceivable future headings of examination are: expanding the magnetization strength by building an all the more remarkable charging unit (potentially utilizing a few layers of curls masterminded in a progression of polyhedrons and momentum from homopolar generators or the Russian collapse method), constructing a twofold monopolar chamber and the quest for a magnetic tripole.

  • A magnetic monopole is the magnetic rendition of a charged particle like an electron, and throughout the previous 70 years, physicists have accepted that one may exist someplace in the universe.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1: Is Bar Magnet a Monopole?

Ans: No, it is not.


A bar magnet comprises a North pole and a South pole. It's a dipole, not a monopole. From the outset, one may imagine that breaking a magnet down the middle will yield two monopoles. Yet, it will not. In 1822 Ampère said the magnetism was the consequence of electric currents coursing in planes opposite to the hub of the magnet.

Q2: Define Magnetism.

Ans: Magnetism is a class of actual phenomena that are interceded by magnetic fields. Electric flows and the magnetic moments of rudimentary particles lead to a magnetic field, which follows up on other currents and magnetic moments. 


Magnetism is one part of the consolidated marvel of electromagnetism. The most natural impacts happen in ferromagnetic materials, which are firmly pulled in by magnetic fields and can be magnetic to become lasting/permanent magnets, creating attractive fields themselves. Demagnetizing a magnet is likewise conceivable. 


A couple of substances are ferromagnetic; the most widely recognized ones are iron, cobalt, and nickel and their composites.

Q3: What are Lodestones?

Ans: The property of magnetism was initially found in classical times through lodestones. The lodestone's significance to the early route is demonstrated by the name lodestone, which in Middle English signifies "course stone" or "driving stone", from the now-out of date importance of jackpot as "venture, way".


A lodestone is a normally charged piece of the mineral magnetite. They are normally happening magnets, which can pull in iron.