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# Gauss law in magnetism concludes that a. Mono-pole does not existb. Magnetic flux can be determined c. $\nabla \times B = 0$d. $\nabla \cdot B = 0$

Last updated date: 15th Aug 2024
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Hint: Gauss’ law in magnetism states that the divergence of any magnetic field is zero. Divergence of a field is related with the outward or inward flow of any field but since magnetic field is a type of curl field, there is no outward or inward flow in it and hence the divergence is zero.
Gauss law in magnetism also suggests that magnetic monopoles do not exist.

Complete step by step answer:
Gauss law of magnetic field is a formal way of saying that magnetic monopoles do not exist.
Let us understand this by an example,
Let a circular loop in which $I$ current is flowing. The current is in anticlockwise sense as seen from our eye as shown in the figure.

In general, we define poles by determining the sense of rotation of current. Anticlockwise current refers to a north pole and clockwise current refers to a south pole.
But when we cannot separate these two poles because they are described by the sense of motion of charge. Further we can say that the north and south pole in a loop emerges from the same thing (current) but are distinguished by the sense of rotation. They never meant to be separated.
That’s why magnetic monopoles do not exist.

According to Gauss law of magnetic field, net magnetic field through any closed gaussian surface is zero.
${\phi _B} = \oint \vec B \cdot {\text{d}}A = 0$

The magnetic flux associated with the magnetic field is defined in a way similar to electric flux. The unit of magnetic flux is $T{m^2} = Wb$ weber.

It also states that the divergence of the magnetic flux density is zero.
$\nabla \cdot B = 0$
Option a) and d) are correct

Note: Divergence is calculated by the dot product of del ($\Delta$) operator and the given vector field.
$\Delta =\dfrac{d}{dx}\cdot i+\dfrac{d}{dy}\cdot j=\dfrac{d}{dz}\cdot k$