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Last updated date: 26th May 2024
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What is Laboratory Science?

Clinical laboratory sciences (also termed as medical technology or medical laboratory science) is a biology/chemistry-based bachelor's degree that makes students ready and prepares them for their careers in hospital laboratories and clinics, veterinary clinics, forensic labs, molecular biotechnology labs, and industrial research labs, among other locations.

Blood, tissue, urine, and other body specimens are analysed by professionals in this field. The findings of these tests are crucial in the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of illnesses.

Scientist in laboratories are in great supply. Laboratory science offers strong job security, with potential development expected to be above average for all occupations.

Medical laboratory come in all shapes and sizes, and they provide a wide range of testing services. Acute-care hospitals and medical centres provide more comprehensive services, with laboratory tests accounting for 70% of clinical decisions.

Most simple testing services may be available in doctor's offices and hospitals, and also home care and long-term care centres. Commercial medical laboratories are self-contained companies that provide testing that isn't available elsewhere due to low test volume or sophistication.

Types of Laboratory

A large number of medical specimens are processed by two kinds of labs in certain developed nations. Hospital labs are part of a hospital and conduct tests on patients. General practitioners, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and some other health clinics send samples to private labs for analysis. 

Samples may be sent to a research laboratory for highly specialised testing. For some experiments, specimens are sent between laboratories for tests that aren't commonly performed. For instance, it would be more cost-effective in some cases if a laboratory specialises in a far less common test and receives specimens from several other labs while providing specimens to many other labs for tests they don't perform.

Several countries have different kinds of Medical Laboratories depending on the different types of investigations that are conducted. Customers will have access to the reference laboratory of organisations that provide blood products for transfusion to hospitals, including the Red Cross. Several laboratories specialise in molecular diagnostic and cytogenetic tests to assist with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer-related and genetic disorders.

Medical Laboratory Scientist

A medical laboratory scientist (MLS) is a medical professional who conducts chemical, histopathological, haematological, immunologic, microscopic, cytopathological, and bacteriological diagnostic studies on body fluid including blood, peritoneal fluid, stool, urine, sputum, pericardial fluid, synovial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and other specimens. 

Medical laboratory scientists work in health care, biotechnology laboratories, reference laboratories, and non-clinical industrial laboratories. In other parts of the world, those who work in non-clinical industrial laboratories are identified as biomedical laboratory technologists (BLT).

Medical laboratory scientists do work in chemistry, blood banking, haematology, histology, immunology, microbiology, and other sectors of the clinical laboratory. They conduct a wide range of laboratory tests, ranging from simple prenatal blood tests to more complex tests to detect diseases like diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and cancer.

They're also in charge of determining the validity and accuracy of test results and communicating laboratory findings to pathologists and other doctors. The medical treatment that perhaps a patient receives is influenced by the information that a medical lab scientist provides to the doctor. Medical laboratory scientists work with high-tech electronic equipment and expensive precision instruments.

Physics Laboratory

Physics labs: A physics laboratory is a location whereby physics experiments have been performed. Physics, as we all know, is a field of science in which experimentation is an important part of the curriculum. These physics laboratories can be located in about all educational institutions. Nonetheless, the educational laboratory's complexity differs from one organization/institute to the next.

With a plethora of physics lab equipment suppliers around the world, outfitting a lab is no longer a massive challenge. The majority of colleges purchase physics equipment in accordance with their curricula.

Magnets, pendulums, pulleys, inclined planes, beakers, heat lamps, lenses, glasses, item scales, tuning forks, and other common physics laboratory equipment are available, as are sophisticated instruments such as spectroscopes, electromagnets, microscopes, voltammetry, and potentiometers.

Virtual Lab Physics: 

The notion of Virtual lab physics has numerous implications. These may include the goal of a virtual physics labs, the delivery method, the extent of shipment, the knowledge from both students and instructors, and even the appropriateness of an activity for use in a virtual laboratory. Many educational circles are divided on the subject, with proponents and opponents.

In the broadest sense, a virtual laboratory is a computer-based approach in which students use a computer interface to communicate with an experiment conducted or any other activity. A simulation of a laboratory and experiment, in which a student communicates with programmed-in behaviours, and a remote-controlled experiment, in which a student gets acquainted with a real apparatus through a computer link while being distant from that apparatus, are two examples that come to mind.

Chemistry Virtual Lab:

The Virtual Lab is an online chemistry lab simulation. It is intended to assist students in connecting chemical computations with real-world laboratory chemistry. Students can choose from hundreds of standard reagents (aqueous) and manipulate them in a realistic laboratory setting.

Role of the Scientist in the Lab

The scientist in the lab have a vast variety of duties and responsibilities as mentioned below:

  • Blood, tissues, body fluids, and cells are examined and analysed.

  • Delivering test results to doctors

  • Microscopes, cell counters, as well as other high-precision scientist laboratory equipment are used.

  • Cross-matching blood for the process of transfusion.

  • Patient outcomes are being tracked and monitored.

  • Differential cell counts are used to help diagnose anaemia and leukaemia by examining for abnormal cells.

  • Creating quality assurance programmes to monitor and ensure that test results are accurate.

  • Supervising a medical laboratory technician's job.

FAQs on Laboratory

1. What is the Average Length of Time it Takes to Be a Clinical Laboratory Scientist?

Ans. Medical laboratory sciences has many career paths associated with educational level: medical laboratory scientist (4 to 5 years) and medical laboratory technician (2 years).

2. What are the Different Kinds of Virtual Labs?

Ans. The different kinds of virtual labs are:

  • Measurement-Based Labs.

  • Remote Triggered Labs.

  • Simulation/ Modeling Based Labs.

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