The primary focus of this chapter is to tackle conversion of units of measurement of various quantities. However, before we start, it is essential to understand fundamental and derived physical quantities and their units.
In order to learn how to convert units of physical quantities, it is necessary to be aware of the terms – dimensional formula and dimension equation. Firstly, check these details about fundamental and derived quantities.
All measurable physical quantities can be primarily classified into two types which are –
A small group of physical quantities are considered as fundamental quantities or primary quantities which are used to derive other physical quantities.
Mass, time, length, electric current, luminous intensity of light, temperature, amount of substance are all fundamental quantities.
Also referred to as secondary quantities, derived quantities are formed from primary or fundamental quantities.
On dividing distance by time we can calculate the speed of an object. Hence, speed is a prime example of a derived quantity.
Additionally, if we multiply the breadth, length and height of an object, we get to derive the volume. So, volume is also another example of a derived quantity.
Units selected for primary physical quantities are known as fundamental units. Meanwhile, those units which are formed with the help of fundamental units are termed as derived units.
Speed is a derived quantity whose unit is determined as distance/time, i.e. metre/second. Here, you can notice that metre and second are fundamental units while the unit of speed, i.e. metre/second is a derived unit.
In order to solve numerical problems in case of unit conversion questions in physics, consulting a tabulated form of unit conversions is highly important especially for beginners.
Several tables containing unit conversion formula are given below which sums up almost every important physical quantity. Each table contains various units and their conversions of a specific physical quantity, fundamental or derived.
Numerical problems on the conversion of units in physics are quite common in the exams. For example, the following question is frequently asked –
State the Relationship Between Dyne and Newton?
As we know, dyne and Newton are units of force. Moreover, the dimensional formula of force is [MLT-2].
Hence, 1 Newton = 1 x kg x m x s-2 = 1 x 103 g x 103 cm x s-2 = 1 x 106 g x cm x s-2
So, Newton = 106 dyne.
At Vedantu, we hope that this discussion on Conversion of Units will help you to attain high marks in the upcoming physics exams. Moreover, make sure to download our Vedantu app to access study materials and online classes easily.
1. Name Four Fundamental Quantities in Physics?
Ans. Four fundamental quantities in physics are mass, length, time, temperature, etc.
2. What is the Difference Between One Pound and One Ounce?
Ans. One pound equals to 4.53 x 102 grams while one ounce can also be measured as 0.283 x 102 grams
3. How Many Litres of Diesel Will Make One Gallon?
Ans. 0.03785 x 102 liters of diesel will make one gallon of diesel.