Generally, a telescope is a device used to observe space, Stars, etc. It is manufactured in different mirrors like convex, concave, and their combination, etc. Earlier, we refracted telescopes. But these were replaced entirely by the Cassegrain reflector telescope by providing sharp and high contrast images. Let us understand the working principle of a Cassegrain reflector telescope.
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Working Principle of Cassegrain Reflector
The Cassegrain reflector works on a unique principle to give images effectively. Generally, the Cassegrain reflector is designed to combine one primary concave lens and one secondary convex lens. Also, a mirror is replaced in the place of the lens in its design. With the presence of a mirror, which is lightweight, the Cassegrain reflecting telescope produces parabolic aberrations instead of spherical aberrations. The parabolic Miller has a hole in its Center, and from there, the electromagnetic waves were captured and sent to secondary convex lens edges in hyperbolic form.
As the name of our telescope itself tells that it has a reflection, the received electromagnetic waves were sent back to the hole, which is termed as an eyepiece and reaches the focal point. The two-way direction of electromagnetic waveforms a fold at the focal point. This force gives the highest focal length and bright, sharp magnetic image than any other telescope.
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Classification of Cassegrain Reflecting Telescopes
There are two types of casa grande reflecting telescopes. Both of these telescopes have very slight differences. They are -
1. Maksutov-Cassegrain Telescopes: these are also known as Mak telescopes. In these telescopes, a simple spherical curve will be there for the primary lens, and the secondary lens has a thin layer of aluminium. This type of telescope was easy to design and manufacture. It doesn't require any alignment and is also compact and versatile with very few chromatic aberrations.
2. Schmidt - Cassegrain Telescopes: these are known as SCTs. It is an ideal method used by many people to explore the sky and planetary systems, which is specially designed and placed a figure lens at the starting part of the tube. Also, placing a piece of fulfilment at the plane gives a large aperture.
Advantages of Cassegrain Reflecting Telescope
The Cassegrain reflecting telescope has several benefits because of its nature. Some of those benefits are -
In this telescope, the mirror is replaced by an objective lens. So there is no chance for chromatic and spherical aberrations.
The spherical aberration will be converted into parabolic aberration.
The appearance of the image in a reflecting telescope is brighter than that of the refracting telescope.
Another advantage of a Cassegrain reflecting telescope is, it requires only one side of polishing the image.
The lens is heavier than the mirror. So because of using lightweight mirrors, the apparatus requires less support.
These are some of the advantages possessed by a Cassegrain reflector.
Newtonian Cassegrain Telescope
Whenever we hear the name of Isaac Newton, we always remember gravitational force. He also worked on the light and its waves. In this process, he got mixed up with using a refracting lens. He wants to avoid chromatic aberrations and wants to try something different than the refracting lenses.
He tried to use a copper and tin mirror instead of placing a lens as it is very cheap and produces tons of light with more sharpness and brightness. In the Newtonian Cassegrain telescope, the light is collected at the top of the tube and the other endpoints towards the sky. The lower part of the telescope will be in a spherical or parabolic shape. The celestial bodies emit the waves.
The image captured by the primary lens can be reflected in the secondary lens and vice versa. This can be done with a 90° angle. The whole experiment was done in the 16th century. How wonderful it is! Still, everyone is eager to use the principle as well as the telescope.
Hence the Cassegrain reflector is an ancient model used to detect the images from sky, Stars, planets, etc., at an affordable price. Several scientists did experiments and found new things which are beneficial to future generations. So everyone should understand the value of these studies and make worth of these experiments.