It is easier for us to understand something when it is segregated and classified into a particular group or structure. In the same way, when a plant is labelled and divided into a particular family of species, then it is termed as Plant Taxonomy. This is the fundamental platform for studying plants and their features in the complete world of science. We will also cover a few important MCQ on Plant Taxonomy and its significance with solutions.
Plant Taxonomy is the top-most important subject for any layman to know and be aware of. Focussing on this aspect, let us understand the basic concepts and properties of Plant Taxonomy as in the following. But before everything, we have a few more ideas to grasp regarding Plant Taxonomy and its definition.
The main branch of science and taxonomic studies (natural studies), that deals with the process of finding, identifying, describing, classifying, and naming different kinds of plant species is called Plant Taxonomy.
Both Plant Taxonomy and Plant Systematics are quite similar in their practice. Plant Systematics refers to the study and observation of higher-level plant species and their relationship with other plants along with the research on evolutionary aspects. While Plant Taxonomy is the specialized mode of handling plant specimens. Yet, the methods and goals of practising Plant systematics and Plant Taxonomy.
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The significance of following Plant Taxonomy is crucial to the field of science and other inter-related core fields such as medicine, natural studies, and biology. Hence, some of the main reasons to appreciate the importance of Plant Taxonomy is given below:
To enhance the basic knowledge about a certain group of plants.
To arrange data for better memory and understanding.
For ease of reading and better comprehension with others.
To find out the source and origin of a specific plant gene.
To study the genetic relation across plant cells.
To indicate the habitat and distribution of plants on the earth.
To provide real-time applications and gain benefits from using a particular plant community for societal, economical and health-related well-being.
The 3 major goals of doing a plant taxonomy are the identification, classification, and description phases. Understanding the feature and difference in these 3 cases is crucial to the practice of Plant Taxonomy. Get a quick idea of what these 3 goals are all about from the following.
Identification in Plant Taxonomy: The first step of plant taxonomy is identifying what species a particular plant. This is possible either by using guides and textbooks as external sources or even compare and study previously collected similar plant resources.
Classification in Plant Taxonomy: As stated before, classifying and placing a plant in a specific group or category helps in ease of understanding and better knowledge about the subject matter. This classification has to follow empirical norms (scientific classification) to get a proper hierarchy and better accuracy. After the classification, a plant can be given a label (name) as per the International Code of Nomenclature (ICN). This step applies to algae and fungi variants as well.
Description in Plant Taxonomy: With the validation of ICN guidelines, a particular species of plant is described with the characteristics and features and is finally registered in the ‘International Plant Names Index’ with other authorized publications.
Note that the 2nd step ‘Plant Classification’ has a common hierarchy of categorizing plants based on their share characteristic and ranking. They are the Kingdom, Division, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.
1. Which among the following is the correct order of classification?
Kingdom, Phylum, Genus, Division, Order, Class, Species, Family.
Phylum, Division, Class, Order, Genus, Species, Family, Kingdom.
Kingdown, Division, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.
Divison, Genus, Family, Species, Class, Order, Kingdom, Phylum.
ANSWER: C (Kingdown, Division, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species)
2. Out of the following options, which is the correct Class of a Banana?
ANSWER: B (Liliopsida)
3. Which among the below systems does not exist?
None of the Above
ANSWER: D (None of the Above)
4. Choose the right answer for the common characteristic in Plant taxonomy.
All of the Above
ANSWER: C (All of the Above)
5. Which year was the beginning phase of the modern biological nomenclature?
ANSWER: B (1758)
6. The document that includes all the information related to a particular genus or plant family is termed as:
ANSWER: A (Monograph)
7. Systematic Biology is the term used to refer:
Phenetics + Plant Taxonomy
Phylogenetic + Biology
Systematics + Plant Taxonomy
Dendrogram + Biology
ANSWER: C (Systematics + Plant Taxonomy)
8. Who was the first-ever philosopher to classify living organisms?
ANSWER: B (Aristotle)