NEET examinations will have questions from the chemistry chapter- Acids and Bases. Chemistry being the scoring subject, students may have an opportunity to score higher marks with a good understanding of the chapters. It is observed from the previous years’ trends in NEET exams in the chemistry section that students are assessed on a similar type of questions with varying levels of complexity. Therefore, it is of great importance to understand the topics well that are included in the NEET chemistry syllabus 2021. We will understand and practice the topic of Acids and Bases in this article.
So, let’s begin by studying more about Acids and Bases.
Acids and Bases
The matter is anything that occupies space by having a volume. So, in chemistry, acids and bases are a way how matter is classified. An acid is a solution of H+ ions and is also a solution that donates hydrogen ions. It is sour in taste. At the same time, the base is a solution of -OH ions that accept hydrogen ions. Therefore, when a base is dissolved in water, it increases the concentration of hydroxide ions of the solution. It absorbs H+ ions which depletes the solutions of free H+ ions making it less acidic. A strong is characterized by the property to easily and completely dissociate hydrogen ions from its conjugate base.
About Acids and Bases
Acid and base have been defined in different ways, depending on the particular way of looking at the properties of acidity and basicity. An acid is any hydrogen-containing substance that is capable of donating a proton (hydrogen ion) to another substance. A base is a molecule or ion able to accept a hydrogen ion from an acid.
Acid is a particular kind of chemical compound that when dissolved in water gives a solution with H+ ion activity more than the normal purified water. A base is a simple aqueous substance that donates electrons, accepts protons, or releases hydroxide (OH-) ions from themselves. Additionally, it's really necessary to learn the difference between acids and bases because mixing the two together can cause a severe reaction. For instance, when mixing vinegar and baking soda can create a great cleaning agent, mixing strong acids and bases can create toxic fumes or even explosions.