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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 6 - Colonialism And The City

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 - Colonialism and the City - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 6 is a one-stop solution to all kinds of problems a student might be facing during his/her preparation. These solutions are just a click away from them. This NCERT Solution by Vedantu explain the entire chapter to students in a systematic manner and boost the confidence of students. Even those students who have never read the chapter can go through these NCERT Solutions and can become exam ready. Download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 6 free PDF on Vedantu.

You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths and NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.


NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Our Pasts 3)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 6 - Colonialism and The City

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

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  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Our Pasts-3 Chapter 6 – Colonialism and The City

1. State whether true or false: 

(a) In the Western world, modern cities grew with industrialisation. 

Ans: True 

(b) Surat and Machlipatnam developed in the nineteenth century. 

Ans: False

(c) In the twentieth century, the majority of Indians lived in cities.

Ans: False

(d) After 1857 no worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for five years.

Ans: True

(e) More money was spent on cleaning Old Delhi than New Delhi.

Ans: False

2. Fill in the blanks: 

(a) The first structure to successfully use the dome was called the______               .

Ans: Jama Masjid. 

(b) The two architects who designed New Delhi and Shahjahanabad were and______                      

Ans: Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker. 

(c) The British saw overcrowded spaces as_______                             . 

Ans: unhygienic and unhealthy, the source of disease. 

(d) In 1888 an extension scheme called the______ was devised. 

Ans: Lahore Gate Improvement Scheme.

3. Identify three differences in the city design of New Delhi and Shahjahanabad.

Ans: The following are the differences in the city designs of New Delhi and Shahjahanabad.

New Delhi 


Unwalled city south of Shahjahanabad or Old Delhi, built on Raisina Hill.

With the river Yamuna running nearby, it was built as a walled city with 14 gates, enclosing a fort palace complex.

The streets are wide and straight.

Mazes of twisting, small alleys, by lanes, and quiet cul-de-sacs.

Sprawling mansions in the midst of huge compounds.

Several dozen bazaars and crowded and packed mohallas.

4. Who lived in the “white” areas in cities such as Madras? 

Ans: The British resided in "white" zones that had been well-planned.

5. What is meant by de-urbanisation?

Ans: The British created new trading centres on the eastern and western coasts, such as Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay for the sake of ease. These were Presidency cities that served as regional centres of British power. The importance of these cities waned throughout time. Simultaneously, many cities producing specialised items experienced a decline due to a drop in demand for what they produced.

When the flow of trade shifted to new centres, old trading centres and ports couldn't keep up. When local rulers were conquered by the British, former centres of regional control disintegrated, and new administrative centres developed. De-urbanisation is the term for this process.

During the nineteenth century, cities like Machilipatnam, Surat, and Seringapatam were de-urbanized. Only about a quarter of Indians lived in cities during the early twentieth century. 

6. Why did the British choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital?

Ans: Despite the fact that Calcutta was the British capital, they recognised the symbolic and cultural significance of Delhi. 

  • It was the city that had been governed by the Mughal for several years.

  • It was the same city that had become a rebel stronghold during the 1857 insurrection, which had threatened to topple British control in India for a while. As a result, it was crucial to commemorate British power in this location with pomp and circumstance.

  • In 1877, a great Durbar was held in Delhi to recognise Queen Victoria as the Empress of India.

  • In 1911, a Durbar was held in Delhi to commemorate King George V's coronation. The decision to relocate India's capital from Calcutta to Delhi was announced at this Durbar. These exhibitions demonstrated the British's absolute authority and dominance over the Indian people.

7. How did the Old City of Delhi change under British rule?

Ans: The Old City of Delhi was built as a walled city with 14 gates, adjacent to a fort-palace complex, and near the river Jamuna. Mosques, Havelis, congested mohallas, tiny and twisting roads, and lanes and water channels characterised the city.

  • In 1803 the British took possession of Delhi. Prior to the 1857 rebellion, the British adapted to the Mughal culture of the Old City by residing in the Walled City, enjoying Urdu/Persian culture and poetry, and attending local festivals. The establishment of Delhi College in 1792 resulted in a significant intellectual blooming in both sciences and humanities.

  • Following the insurrection, however, the British set out on a quest to cleanse the city of its Mughal legacy. They demolished several palaces, shut down gardens, and replaced them with barracks for the military. Gardens, pavilions, and mosques were removed from the area surrounding the Red Fort for security reasons.

  • Mosques, in particular, were either demolished or repurposed. For five years, no worship was permitted in the Jama Masjid.

  • For five years, no worship was permitted in the Jama Masjid. 

  • The Western Walls of Shahjahanabad were breached in the 1870s to allow for the construction of the railway and the expansion of the city beyond the walls.

  • In the city's north, the huge Civil Lines sector arose. This is where the British first set up residence. In 1877, the Delhi College was converted into a school and closed.

South of the Old City, the British built a new city known as New Delhi. New Delhi, built in stark contrast to the Old City, became the seat of authority, while the Old City was placed in the background.

8. How did the Partition affect life in Delhi?

Ans: Following are the points regarding partition affect life in Delhi:

  • The city of Delhi's livelihood, art, and culture were all affected by India's division.

  • Violent rioting broke out just days following India's independence and partition. Thousands of people were slaughtered, and their homes were robbed and torched in Delhi. Over two-thirds of Delhi's Muslims went to Pakistan, leaving nearly 44,000 homes unoccupied. Sikh and Hindu refugees from Pakistan took over their homes. The majority of the refugees were farmers, lawyers, teachers, traders, and shopkeepers.

  • The 1947 partition of India resulted in a significant population transfer on both sides of the new border. As a result, Delhi's population grew significantly (almost 500,000 people were added to the city's population). People were forced to live in camps, schools, military barracks, and gardens as Delhi became a refugee city. Their life changed after Partition as they took on new vocations as hawkers, sellers, carpenters, and others.

  • During this period, new colonies such as Lajpat Nagar and Tilak Nagar sprung up. To meet the needs of the migrants, shops and stalls were established. Schools and colleges were also included. The enormous influx of Punjabis into Delhi altered the city's social and cultural landscape. New tastes and sensitivities in food, clothes, and the arts eclipsed an urban culture mostly based on Urdu.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts-3 Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 - Chapter 6 History - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 6 is meticulously prepared by our subject experts keeping all aspects in mind like the weightage, pattern, trend of exams, etc. in mind. Going through these solutions, students get an idea of how an answer should be written and what style must be followed to score better.

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social studies Chapter 6 Our Past III can be downloaded for free. Once downloaded, these solutions become all time available to the student even if the internet connectivity is not present. Students can also print these solutions if they want to study from hard copy. These NCERT Solutions Class 8 can be downloaded from our website as well as our app. NCERT Solutions are available for all chapters of Class 8 Social Studies and act as a quick reference for students who want to score better in their tests or exams. Solutions are made in a very simple language that students find easy to understand.

Most of the students try to by heart the Social Studies answers because they find the book language difficult. NCERT Solutions by Vedantu will help them to understand the concept and avoid cramming.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Our Past 3 Social Studies Chapter

Chapter - 6 Colonialism And The City

NCERT Solutions for Class 8  Social Science History Chapter 6 is Colonialism And The City. This chapter belongs to Our Past III. If you are a student of Class 8, you might be well aware of the chapter. Chapter 6  is solved by our subject experts as per the guidelines. The answers are prepared by our team experts with 100% accuracy. The topic deals with points such as what happened to the cities after colonialism, life in the time of partitions, the decline of the Havelis, etc.

Class 8 Social Studies Chapter 6 Weightage

Chapter 6 Colonialism And The City is a part of Social studies Our Past III. Many questions of the History section are formed from this chapter. Thus going through these NCERT Solutions will help the student score better in their exams. From a competitive exam point of view also, this chapter is important whether its civil services exam or any olympiad. NCERT Solutions are a must-have for students. 

Why are NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Studies Chapter 6 Important?

  • Preparing from our NCERT Solutions Class 8  is a great way for students to understand the chapter in less time and also become exam ready. 

  • These solutions also help in strategy formation for students to excel in exams. 

  • Detailed analysis of the chapter with weightage is given which helps students in better preparation.

  • Highly simplified language is used by our experts to prepare these NCERT Solutions which makes it understandable for students.

  • Students without any hesitation can rely upon these NCERT Solutions whether it's last-minute preparation or for revision or students starting from the zero levels.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 6 - Colonialism And The City

1. What is meant by de-urbanization?

  • De-urbanisation refers to people leaving cities and not wanting to live in cities anymore.

  • The Presidency states established by the Britishers for trade purpose lost their importance.

  • Old trading centres could not survive as the trade started to flow in new cities and regional powers were defeated by the Britishers. Cities like Surat, Machlipatnam, etc. were de-urbanized in the early 19th century. By the start of the 20th century, only 11% of people were living in the cities. 

2. What were Havelis and why were they declined?

Ans: Havelis were great mansions in which Mughal aristocracy used to live. These Havelis used to be very large with many rooms with different purposes. The entrance of these Havelis was very beautiful and big and there used to be open courtyards and fountains. The visiting rooms were for males exclusively and the inner rooms of the mansion were for the women. When British rule came, many rich people found it difficult to maintain such large mansions and thus Havelis were subdivided and sold. Some Havelis were taken by mercantile class then later left disused.

3. What is Colonisation in History?

Ans: When a powerful country with advanced military facilities and strength subjugates another country, it is known as colonisation. After colonisation, political, social, and cultural changes are observed in the colonised country. A country is subjugated by another powerful nation with a strong military force. In colonisation, the weak country is controlled by the stronger country.

4. Is Colonisation an important topic in Class 8 NCERT Social Science?

Ans: Colonisation is a topic that is covered in Chapter 6 of NCERT Class 8 Social Science. This is a really important topic for the students to learn. Colonisation is important because it is a major part of the History of India. As the Social Science subject teaches mostly about the social structure of India in the past and present, colonisation, as a topic, plays a very important role in this subject and also educates the student about so much.

5. What is NCERT Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 all about?

Ans: Class 8 NCERT Social Science Chapter 6 is titled “Our Pasts.” Aptly titled, this chapter covers a few very important topics of the past of India. This chapter educates the students about certain issues that compose a major part of the history of India.

6. How can I study the 6th chapter of Class 8 NCERT Social Science?

Ans: You can study and prepare the 6th chapter of Class 8 NCERT Social Science in the following ways-

  • Check the outline of the syllabus before starting with the chapter.

  • Note down all the important topics covered in the chapter according to the syllabus.

  • First give the whole chapter a read to understand the basics.

  • Then according to your notes of the important topics, read and memorize those important topics carefully.

  • Once done, practise the textbook exercises related to the chapter.

  • Revise as much as you can.

7. Where can I get answers of Chapter 6 Colonisation of Class 8 Social Science?

Ans: Visit Vedantu’s website to get chapter wise answers for every NCERT subject. Click NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Our Pasts 3 Chapter 6 or go to Vedantu’s website and look for the chapter for which you need the solutions. The solutions provided by Vedantu are free of cost. They are also available on the Vedantu Mobile app.