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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 1 - How, When And Where

Last updated date: 29th May 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 1 - How, When and Where - Free PDF Download

History is a vital part of the Social Science curriculum of Class 8. It takes the students through India’s past, origin, struggles, achievements, and so on. With all the event dates, place names, and personalities, history lessons could be quite tricky to learn. This is why NCERT solutions are considered to be of great help when it comes to preparing history. Get today the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 1 available as free PDF downloads to enhance your exam preparation.


NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Our Pasts 3)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 1 - How, When And Where

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

Subjects like Science, Maths, English, Social Science will become easy to study if you have access to NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science, Maths solutions, and solutions of other subjects. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Beginning with the very first chapter, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 1 provides detailed answers to some important questions. The format of these answers has also been maintained in a way which matches the CBSE standards. Download CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 1 ‘How, When, and Where’ pdf with a single click on the link given below.


Key Topics of Chapter 1 - How, When, and Where 

The following are the important topics covered in Chapter 1 How, When, and Where.

  • The importance of dates

  • Which dates are considered important historically?

  • How do we periodize?

  • Introduction to colonial governments

  • The credibility of historical records


Key Points of Chapter 1 How, When, and Where at a Glance

  • The chapter discusses the importance of dates.

  • The importance of a date is determined by the set of historical events which occurred during a given period of time.

  • The classification of history into different time intervals.

  • James Mill, a Scottish economist, and political philosopher released ‘A History of British India’ in three volumes in 1817. He split Indian history into three periods: Hindu, Muslim, and British in this work. This method of periodization became generally established.

  • The historical records are derived from documentation provided by administrations.

  • Historical records are also extrapolated from old surveys.

  • The other sources of historical records that primarily focused on the understanding and situation of common people are diaries of people, accounts of travellers, autobiographies, and popular booklets. 

  • The written ideas of leaders and reformers, and works of poets and novelists.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (History) Chapter 1 - How, When and Where

1. State whether true or false:

a) James Mill divided Indian History into three periods - Hindu, Muslim, and Christian. 

Ans: False

b) Official documents help us to understand what the people of the country think.

Ans: False

c) The British thought surveys were important for effective administration. 

Ans: True

2. What is the problem with the periodisation of Indian History that James Mill offers? 

Ans: James Mill had divided the entire history of India into three phases which were based on religion. He said in his book that the Indian History could be classified into the Hindu, Muslim, and the Christian ruled periods. However, there were a number of shortcomings into his depiction such as:

  • He said that the Asian Civilisations were inferior to those of the European ones, which is false as we have documented evidence of European students coming to Indian Universities, translating the Indian works on Algebra, Geometry, etc. into European Languages, etc.

  • He also said that the Hindus and the Muslims were not capable rulers which is false as well because without the efficiency of rulers, India could have been unstable and no civilisational development would have been possible. The Indian rulers efficiently administered their territories and pushed back the invaders multiple times.

  • James also said that there was no religious tolerance in India prior to the British. This is false too, as no ruler in ancient India was hostile to Buddha and Mahavira. In fact, the Buddhist University of Nalanda was established by a Hindu ruler Kumaragupta. So, ancient India had a higher degree of religious tolerance than modern Indian society.

Hence, we can conclude that what James Mill presented were his views based on ignorance and distortion of facts because he was not educated enough to derive meaningful conclusions from the literary and archaeological sources of Indian history.

3. Why did the British preserve official documents?

Ans: The British preserved the official documents due to the following reasons:

  • They could use the documents as a reference to track the progress of the decisions and actions taken by them accurately.

  • They could also use these documents as citations and avoid the repetition of mistakes.

  • They could also create copies of the data of the past and use it in future.

Other than that, they preserved the official documents because they were not based in India and they needed to send the important documents to the British Crown when asked. Hence, preservation and maintenance of an archive were important.

4. How will the information historians get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports?

Ans: The historians get similar information from the news reports as well as the police reports. However, the police reports present the facts alone whereas the news reports provide an analysis of the facts as well. These reports are also influenced by the logical ability of the editor of that report whereas in a police report, the facts are stated as they are.

5. Can you think of examples of surveys in your world today? Think about how toy companies get information about what young people enjoy playing with or how the government finds out about the number of young people in school. What can a historian derive from such surveys?

Ans: There are several examples of surveys in the world as of now. We have various people talking to us at the end of school about our future plans for college, which stream we want to choose in future and so on. The toy companies get information about what young people enjoy playing using the surveys online or by feedback. They ask the young people about their existing experiences and also what they would love to see and, in this manner, they are able to find out the needs of the people.

The government finds out the number of young people in school using the records of each school. The government collects the data from each school and after compiling these records, it can find out the total number of enrolled students, their age, etc. in school.

For a historian, such surveys are an important and valuable source of information. They can tell the level of education prevalent in different regions of the country by analysing these records. The regions with more enrolment of students have more literacy and they would be technologically advanced as compared to other regions.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts-3 Chapter-1 How, When, and Where - Brief Summary

The first chapter of the CBSE Class 8 Social Science History NCERT textbook Our Pasts - 3 How, When, and Where discusses some of the fundamental concepts of history. This chapter is a key to understanding and studying every other chapter that you will ever read in History, especially Indian history. The chapter discusses the significance of dates and how these dates present us with an account of major historical events, such as the occurrence of important battles, the death and ascension of kings and queens, the conquering of kingdoms and nations, etc. The lesson then talks about how historians have classified the different historical eras into periods. These periods are identified by certain characteristics of the time, central features, and how they are presented to the readers.

Chapter 1 then advances to discuss how James Mill in his three-volume book ‘A History of British India’ 1817 divided Indian history into three periods: Hindu, Muslim, and British. Indian history is also classified as Ancient, Medieval, and Modern but this division has a set of drawbacks and is not considered feasible. Students of Class 8 will also learn about the colonial rule and the British rule in India. The chapter then proceeds to elaborate on the various historical resources that inform historians about the historical past of India. Some of these include administrative records, surveys, literary works, etc. The chapter also talks about the importance of surveys. It discusses the setbacks of official records and unofficial records.

To understand the summary of the chapter and refer to a proper explanation of all key concepts and topics, download the PDF for free and access them at your convenience.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts-3 Chapter-1

An Overview of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social science History contains eleven chapters in total. These chapters are about trade, territory, tribes, colonialism, caste, reforms, national movement, independence, and so on. In Class 8 History Chapter 1, you have the following topics in particular.

James Mill and His Periodisation of Indian History

The very first answer in NCERT Solution for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When, and Where addresses this topic. James Mill was a Scottish political philosopher and economist. In 1817, he published a book named ‘A History of British India’. According to his theory, the historical period of India can be categorised into three parts. This has been further detailed in NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History chapter 1.

Sources which Historians Rely on

Some of the important sources which historians rely on are administration records. These records were maintained by the then British authorities. Proper record rooms were made in the office of commissioners, tahsildars, etc. Calligraphists were also appointed to copy and maintain important documents. According to NCERT Solution of Class 8 Chapter 1 History, museums and archives were also made to preserve crucial documents.

Surveys Conducted by the British

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Part 1 Chapter 1 also talks about how the surveys became important during British rule. Proper surveys and assessments were needed on various fronts to estimate the state of affairs in India. Some of the surveys conducted by the British during those days are:

  • Archaeological Survey

  • Zoological Survey

  • Forest Survey

  • Botanical Survey

Class 8th SST History Chapter 1 also Lists Some Objectives Behind these Surveys

  • Drafting the map of India

  • Check the soil quality and suitability for cultivation

  • To know and understand local history, practices and customs.


NCERT Solution for Class 8th History Chapter 1 covers all the topics mentioned above elaborately. All you need to do is read and revise frequently so that you can answer all questions from this chapter.

Students now get the choice of studying online. For example, the Vedantu App provides several notes, reference material, solutions, sample papers, etc. to help you score well in exams. Thus, students can also download Class 8 History Chapter 1 PDF with a single click on the pdf link given above. Studying these solutions alongside your chapter revisions would be of great help.

Chapter wise NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science - History:  Our Pasts – 3

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Social Science Chapter 1 How, When, and Where PDF

The following are a few benefits that students of Class 8 History will be able to gain by referring to the revision notes.

  • Referring to Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions CBSE Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts - 3 Chapter 1 How, When, and Where will help students understand the chapter in detail and clear their doubts about the crucial topics.

  • Considering the intellectual abilities of different students, the subject experts of Vedantu have crafted these solutions in a simple and easy-to-follow manner to enable students to write their answer scripts presentably and accurately and fetch more marks.

  • The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts - 3 Chapter 1 How, When, and Where have been designed to meet the CBSE standards and the latest CBSE syllabus. These can be downloaded in the form of free PDF files and studied offline.

Vedantu’s subject experts have strictly adhered to the CBSE guidelines and answering format for providing accurately framed and well-explained answers to ease the preparation of students. By referring to NCERT Solutions CBSE Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts - 3 Chapter 1 How, When, and Where, students can gain a better understanding of the major concepts and ideas and leave no room for doubt. A good grip over these definitions and ideas, followed by rigorous practice of the question and answers, will ensure that students of Class 8 History emerge with flying colours in their terminal exams. So, without wasting a minute, download the NCERT Solutions PDF for free.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 1 - How, When And Where

1. How did James Mill classify the periods of Indian history?

James Mill divided Indian history into three different periods. They are Hindu, Muslim, and British. This is provided in the very first answer in NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 1. According to his theory, only British influence could civilise the Indians.

2. How many question solutions are there in NCERT Class 8 history chapter 1 PDF?

This chapter contains answers to four significant questions. The first question asks students to state whether the given statements are true or false. The second question discusses the limitation of James Mill’s periodisation theory of Indian history. The third question in NCERT solutions Class 8 SST history Chapter 1 tells how the British government used to preserve the official documents in those times. The last and the final question discusses how information in the newspaper was different from information drawn through police reports.

3. What is the meaning of colonisation?

Colonisation happens when the people of another origin start setting up a colony in another place. This is what was done by the British in India. With colonisation, the social, political, economic, as well as cultural front gets influenced or impacted. The colonisation of the British brought about many changes in Indian customs and practices. You can refer to Class 8 SST History Chapter 1 to understand colonisation.

4. How are the NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 History Class 8 helpful?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, History Chapter 1 provides in-depth answers to several key questions. The format of these solutions has also been kept consistent with the CBSE requirements, and hence, they are the most suitable from an exam point of view. You can download or view online the solutions from the page NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science of Vedantu’s website ( free of cost.

5. What are the surveys conducted by the British?

Part 1 of the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History discusses the importance of surveys during British control, which is also discussed in Chapter 1. In order to assess the status of affairs in India, proper surveys and assessments were required on a variety of fronts. Some of the British surveys done at the time are Archaeological Survey, Zoological Survey, Forest Survey and Botanical Survey. 

6. What are the sources that Historians rely on?

Administration records are one of the most important sources used by Historians. The records were kept by the British government at the time. In the offices of commissioners, tahsildars, and others, proper record rooms were created. Important documents were also copied and maintained by calligraphists. Museums and archives were also created according to the chapter, to preserve important documents and manuscripts from the ancient period.

7. How can I understand Chapter 1 History Class 8?

History can be difficult for a few, mainly because it contains a plethora of facts that might sometimes prove difficult to memorise. The best way to understand this chapter is to first read the chapter from NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science and underline whatever seems important. Then, you must solve all the NCERT questions and tally their solutions from Vedantu. After completing all this, you must revisit the chapter and read the underlined concepts for a quick revision.

8. Where can I find the NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 History Class 8?

You can conveniently find the answers to all the NCERT questions Chapter 1 Class 8 on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, where they provide the best possible answers free of cost. All the study material is also available freely on the Vedantu app. The format of these solutions has also been kept consistent with the CBSE requirements. Hence, to score maximum marks and cover every topic, you must refer to Vedantu NCERT Solutions.