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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside

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Last updated date: 18th Jul 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Questions And Answers Chapter 3 - FREE PDF Download

Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3  Social Science, ‘From Trade to Territory,’ according to the latest CBSE Class 8 Social Science syllabus explores how the British established control over rural India and introduced new policies to manage agricultural production and revenue collection. This chapter explains the various systems implemented by the British to ensure a steady revenue stream from Indian agriculture, including the Permanent Settlement, the Ryotwari System, and the Mahalwari System. 

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Table of Content
1. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Questions And Answers Chapter 3 - FREE PDF Download
2. Glance on NCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside
3. Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 – Ruling The Countryside
    3.11. Match the Following:   
    3.22. Fill in the Blanks:
4. Topics Covered in Chapter 3 History Class 8 -  Ruling The Countryside
5. Benefits of NCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside
6. Important Study Material Links for Class 8 History Chapter 3
7. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History- Other Chapter-wise Links for FREE PDF
8. Related Important Links for Class 8 History
FAQs


Understanding these historical developments is crucial for understanding the complex dynamics of colonial rule in India. The Class 8 History NCERT Solutions offers clear, step-by-step explanations for ruling the countryside class 8 questions and answers to help students master the content.


Glance on NCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside

  • NCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside includes Revenue for the Company, The need to improve agriculture, The Munro system, and methods of revenue collection.

  • Class 8 History Chapter 3 PDF Introduces the Permanent Settlement system initiated by the British in Bengal in 1793, where land revenue was fixed permanently, and landlords (Zamindars) were made responsible for collecting it. 

  • This system was created to ensure a stable revenue source for the British.

  • Discusses the effects of British policies on Indian peasants, including increased pressure to grow cash crops and pay high taxes, often leading to widespread poverty and indebtedness.

  • Explains how the British forced Indian farmers to grow indigo for export to Europe. The harsh conditions led to significant distress among farmers, culminating in the Indigo Rebellion of 1859-60.

  • Describes different methods of revenue collection introduced by the British, such as the Mahalwari and Ryotwari systems, and their impacts on rural society.

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 – Ruling The Countryside

1. Match the Following:   

Ryot

Village

Mahal

Peasant

Nij

Cultivation on Ryot’s Lands

Ryoti

Cultivation on Planter’s Own Land

Ans: 

Ryot

Peasant

Mahal

Village

Nij

Cultivation on planter's own land

Ryoti

Cultivation on ryot’s lands


2. Fill in the Blanks:

  1. Growers of Woad in Europe Saw _________ as a Crop Which Would Provide Competition to Their Earnings.

Ans: Indigo- In Europe, woad growers saw indigo as a crop that would threaten their livelihood.


  1. The Demand for Indigo Increased in Late-Eighteenth-Century Britain Because of  __________.

Ans: Cotton production increased as a result of industrialisation, resulting in a huge need for fabric dyes.


  1. The International Demand for Indigo Was Affected by the Discovery of ___________.

Ans: Synthetic dyes- The discovery of synthetic dyes had an impact on the global market for indigo.


  1. The Champaran Movement Was Against ___________.

Ans: Indigo planters- The visit of Mahatma Gandhi in 1917 sparked the Champaran agitation against indigo planters.


3. Describe the Main Features of the Permanent Settlement.

Ans: To ensure a steady revenue stream, most East India Company officials believed that land investment should be encouraged and agriculture should be enhanced. In 1793, permanent settlement was established as a result of this.

  1. Rajas and taluqdars were recognised as zamindars under the conditions of the settlement.

  2. They were given the task of collecting rent from the peasants and remitting profits to the company.

  3. The amount that had to be paid was fixed permanently.

  4. This was thought to assure a steady stream of revenue to the company's officers. Simultaneously, the zamindars were told to put money into renovating the land.

  5. If the zamindars failed to pay the revenue, which was typically the case due to the high fixed revenue, they lost their zamindari claim to the land.


4. How Was the Mahalwari System Different from the Permanent Settlement?

Ans: 

Mahalwari Settlement

Permanent Settlement

The mahalwari system, designed by Holt Mackenzie, went into action in the Bengal Presidency's North Western provinces in 1822.

Lord Cornwallis introduced the Permanent Settlement in 1793.

It was created as a replacement for the Permanent Settlement.

It was designed to ensure the East India Company's revenue was constant.

The revenue was collected by the local headmen.

The revenue was collected by the rajas and taluqdars.

The revenue figure was not set in stone and would be adjusted on a regular basis. To compute the tax that each village or mahal had to pay, the expected revenue of each plot within a village was totalled up.

The revenue amount was fixed and was never to be increased in the future.


5. Give Two Problems Which Arose With the New Munro System of Fixing Revenue.

Ans: Two issues developed as a result of the new Munro revenue-fixing system are:

  1. Revenue officials set an unrealistically high revenue requirement, motivated by a desire to boost land revenues.

  2. As the crop failed in the countryside, peasants were unable to pay the revenue, and settlements in many areas went desolate.


6. Why Were Ryots Reluctant to Grow Indigo?

Ans: The ryots were hesitant to cultivate indigo for several reasons:

  1. Indigo was purchased for a very low price by the planters.

  2. The ryots couldn't even cover their costs, so making a profit was a pipe dream. This meant that the ryot was perpetually in debt.

  3. The landowners urged that the peasants farm indigo on the most fertile areas of their land, but following an indigo harvest, the peasants chose to grow rice on the richest soils. The ryots were hesitant to cultivate indigo because the land could not be used for cultivating rice.


7. What Were the Circumstances Which Led to the Eventual Collapse of Indigo  Production in Bengal?

Ans: The ryots began to resist indigo cultivation. In their conflict, the village  headmen and some zamindars backed them up. The protests were so large that the government had no choice but to interfere. The Indigo Commission was formed to look into the issues. The planters' flaws were accepted by the Commission, and the ryots were free to grow anything they wanted. Bengal's indigo manufacturing eventually came to a halt as a result.


8. Find out more about the Champaran movement and Mahatma Gandhi’s role in it

Ans:

  • The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was a significant milestone in India's struggle for independence. 

  • It was the first major act of civil disobedience led by Mahatma Gandhi in India. 

  • This movement took place in the Champaran district of Bihar and marked the beginning of Gandhi’s leadership in the Indian independence movement.

  • The success of the Champaran Satyagraha established Gandhi as a key leader in the Indian independence movement and demonstrated the effectiveness of nonviolent resistance. 

  • It set the stage for future mass movements led by Gandhi, including the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Salt March.


9. Look into the history of either tea or coffee plantations in India. See how the life of workers in these plantations was similar to or different from that of workers in indigo plantations.

Ans:

  • Tea plantations in India began in the early 1800s, with large-scale cultivation starting in Assam and later spreading to other regions like West Bengal and Kerala. 

  • Workers on these plantations faced very tough conditions, including long working hours, low pay, and inadequate living facilities. Women, who make up a large part of the workforce, often received lower wages than men and lacked basic amenities like maternity benefits.

  • Child labor was common due to the poverty and debt of the workers' families. Despite laws meant to improve conditions, such as the Plantation Labour Act, these were often not properly enforced, leading to continued exploitation and hardship for tea workers, much like those on indigo plantations during British rule.


Topics Covered in Chapter 3 History Class 8 -  Ruling The Countryside

S.No.

History Class 8 Chapter 3 Topics

1

  • Revenue for the Company.

    • The need to improve agriculture

    • The Munro system

2

  • Crops for Europe

    • Britain turns to India

    • indigo cultivated

    • Indigo on the land of ryots

3

  • The  Blue Rebellion and After



Benefits of NCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside

  • The solutions help students understand complex concepts like the British revenue systems and their impact on Indian farmers simply and clearly.

  • Each question is answered with detailed explanations, making it easier for students to grasp the historical events and policies discussed in the chapter.

  •  The solutions break down complicated topics such as the Permanent Settlement, Ryotwari, and Mahalwari systems into easily understandable parts, ensuring that students have a strong understanding of the subject.

  • These solutions are designed to be in line with the latest NCERT curriculum, ensuring that students study only the relevant and updated content.


Important Study Material Links for Class 8 History Chapter 3

S.No.

Important Study Material Links for Class 8 History Chapter 3

1

Class 8 Ruling the Country Side Revision Notes

2

Class 8 Ruling the Country Side Important Questions



Conclusion

Vedantu's NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3, ‘Ruling The Countryside', offers an invaluable resource for students seeking a deeper comprehension of India's rural administration during historical periods. These solutions provide comprehensive explanations, insightful analyses, and historical context, facilitating a more profound understanding of the subject matter. Vedantu's user-friendly approach ensures that students can navigate complex concepts with ease, making learning an engaging experience. These solutions are not only instrumental for academic excellence but also for gaining a holistic understanding of India's historical and rural governance structures. Overall, Vedantu's NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 are an indispensable aid for students, fostering both knowledge and a passion for history.


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History- Other Chapter-wise Links for FREE PDF



Related Important Links for Class 8 History

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 3 Ruling The Countryside

1. What are the Topics in class 8 history chapter 3 questions and answers -Ruling the Countryside?

Class 8 History Chapter 3 questions and answers deal with the taking over of the Bengal administration by the East India Company (EIC). Students will read about how the Diwani rights were acquired by the East India Company, starting with Robert Clive, who accepted the Mughal ruler's Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1765. In this chapter, we will look at different topics:

  1. The Company Becomes the Diwan

  • Revenue for the Company.

  • The need to improve agriculture

  • The problem

  • A new system is devised

  • The Munro system

  • All was not well


  1. Crops for Europe

  • Does color have a history?

  • Why the demand for Indian indigo?

  • Britain turns to India

  • How was indigo cultivated?

  • The problem with Nij cultivation

  • Indigo on the land of ryots

2. Can I Completely Rely on NCERT Solutions Created by Vedantu for NCERT class 8 history chapter 3 question answer?

Yes, you can completely rely on Vedantu for NCERT class 8 history chapter 3 question answer. Some of the students face problems while understanding history. Thus, Vedantu has made the topic easier to understand with the help of our expert teachers. The best way to learn is to take an intelligent step forward and download the NCERT Solutions PDF now.


One of the important parts of Class 8 History study materials is our NCERT Solutions. To make your preparation for exams easier, our experienced and skilled teachers have created these solutions with the utmost care. Download the NCERT Solutions PDF now.

3. Can I download ch 3 history class 8 for FREE?

Solutions for ch 3 history class 8 the exercise questions have been compiled in the form of a PDF file. This file can be accessed online or can be downloaded to your computer for future reference. It will add more convenience to your study sessions.

4. Are these solutions ideal to solve doubts related to exercise questions?

Resolve doubts related to all the exercise questions faster by referring to the solutions. Find accurate answers to all your queries to take your preparation to the next level.

5. How can I find the best answering formats for solving Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 questions?

Focus on how the experts have skilfully composed the answers to such fundamental exercise questions and imbibe the same skills. Learn to compile such answers to score more in the exams.

6. How do class 8 chapter 3 history solutions help in building a strong foundation in history?

By breaking down complex topics into simple explanations, class 8 chapter 3 history solutions help students build a solid understanding of historical events and concepts, which is essential for higher studies in history.

7.  What was the Permanent Settlement system introduced by the British in class 8 history chapter 3 PDF?

The Permanent Settlement system, introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793, was a land revenue system where landlords (Zamindars) were given the responsibility to collect taxes from peasants and pay a fixed revenue to the British government.

8.  How did British land revenue policies affect Indian agriculture in class 8 history chapter 3 pdf?

British land revenue policies, such as the Permanent Settlement, Ryotwari, and Mahalwari systems, led to high taxation, exploitation, and indebtedness among Indian farmers. These policies forced many farmers to grow cash crops, leading to food shortages and economic distress.

9. How did Indian farmers respond to British land revenue policies in the chapter Ruling the Countryside?

Indian farmers responded to British land revenue policies through various forms of resistance, including protests, revolts, and uprisings. Notable examples include the Indigo Rebellion in Bengal and the Deccan Riots in Maharashtra.