NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 3 - Ruling the Countryside - Free PDF Download
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1. Match the Following:
Cultivation on Ryot’s Lands
Cultivation on Planter’s Own Land
Cultivation on planter's own land
Cultivation on ryot’s lands
2. Fill in the Blanks:
Growers of Woad in Europe Saw _________ as a Crop Which Would Provide Competition to Their Earnings.
Ans: Indigo- In Europe, woad growers saw indigo as a crop that would threaten their livelihood.
The Demand for Indigo Increased in Late-Eighteenth-Century Britain Because of __________.
Ans: Cotton production increased as a result of industrialisation, resulting in a huge need for fabric dyes.
The International Demand for Indigo Was Affected by the Discovery of ___________.
Ans: Synthetic dyes- The discovery of synthetic dyes had an impact on the global market for indigo.
The Champaran Movement Was Against ___________.
Ans: Indigo planters- The visit of Mahatma Gandhi in 1917 sparked the Champaran agitation against indigo planters.
3. Describe the Main Features of the Permanent Settlement.
Ans: To ensure a steady revenue stream, most East India Company officials believed that land investment should be encouraged and agriculture should be enhanced. In 1793, permanent settlement was established as a result of this.
Rajas and taluqdars were recognised as zamindars under the conditions of the settlement.
They were given the task of collecting rent from the peasants and remitting profits to the company.
The amount that had to be paid was fixed permanently.
This was thought to assure a steady stream of revenue to the company's officers. Simultaneously, the zamindars were told to put money into renovating the land.
If the zamindars failed to pay the revenue, which was typically the case due to the high fixed revenue, they lost their zamindari claim to the land.
4. How Was the Mahalwari System Different from the Permanent Settlement?
The mahalwari system, designed by Holt Mackenzie, went into action in the Bengal Presidency's North Western provinces in 1822.
Lord Cornwallis introduced the Permanent Settlement in 1793.
It was created as a replacement for the Permanent Settlement.
It was designed to ensure the East India Company's revenue was constant.
The revenue was collected by the local headmen.
The revenue was collected by the rajas and taluqdars.
The revenue figure was not set in stone and would be adjusted on a regular basis. To compute the tax that each village or mahal had to pay, the expected revenue of each plot within a village was totalled up.
The revenue amount was fixed and was never to be increased in the future.
5. Give Two Problems Which Arose With the New Munro System of Fixing Revenue.
Ans: Two issues developed as a result of the new Munro revenue-fixing system are:
Revenue officials set an unrealistically high revenue requirement, motivated by a desire to boost land revenues.
As the crop failed in the countryside, peasants were unable to pay the revenue, and settlements in many areas went desolate.
6. Why Were Ryots Reluctant to Grow Indigo?
Ans: The ryots were hesitant to cultivate indigo for several reasons:
Indigo was purchased for a very low price by the planters.
The ryots couldn't even cover their costs, so making a profit was a pipe dream. This meant that the ryot was perpetually in debt.
The landowners urged that the peasants farm indigo on the most fertile areas of their land, but following an indigo harvest, the peasants chose to grow rice on the richest soils. The ryots were hesitant to cultivate indigo because the land could not be used for cultivating rice.
7. What Were the Circumstances Which Led to the Eventual Collapse of Indigo Production in Bengal?
Ans: The ryots began to resist indigo cultivation. In their conflict, the village headmen and some zamindars backed them up. The protests were so large that the government had no choice but to interfere. The Indigo Commission was formed to look into the issues. The planters' flaws were accepted by the Commission, and the ryots were free to grow anything they wanted. Bengal's indigo manufacturing eventually came to a halt as a result.
NCERT Class 8 Social Science History - Our Pasts-3 Chapter wise Solutions
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 3 - Ruling the Countryside
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History-Free PDF Download
Vedantu’s NCERT solutions will give you clarity regarding various aspects of this chapter, which will consequently help you to solve questions from this chapter easily. In Chapter 3 Ruling the Countryside, you will come across several topics like taking over of the Bengal administration by the East India Company, Diwani rights, etc. In this chapter, practising these types of questions will ensure that you have a good understanding of the subject. NCERT Class 8 History Solutions for Ruling the Countryside PDF is available here and can be accessed by students both offline and online for free of cost. Download the free PDF Solution now.
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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What Are the Topics in Class 8 Chapter 3 of History -Ruling the Countryside?
Chapter 3 of the Social Science History deals with the taking over of the Bengal administration by the East India Company (EIC). Students will read about how the Diwani rights were acquired by the East India Company, starting with Robert Clive, who accepted the Mughal ruler's Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1765. In this chapter, we will look at different topics:
The Company Becomes the Diwan
Revenue for the Company.
The need to improve agriculture
A new system is devised
The Munro system
All was not well
Crops for Europe
Does color have a history?
Why the demand for Indian indigo?
Britain turns to India
How was indigo cultivated?
The problem with Nij cultivation
Indigo on the land of ryots
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Yes, you can completely rely on the solutions prepared by Vedantu’s team. Some of the students face problems while understanding history. Thus, Vedantu has made the topic easier to understand with the help of our expert teachers. The best way to learn is to take an intelligent step forward and download the NCERT Solutions PDF now.
One of the important parts of Class 8 History study materials is our NCERT Solutions. To make your preparation for exams easier, our experienced and skilled teachers have created these solutions with the utmost care. Download the NCERT Solutions PDF now.