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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 4 - Landscape Of The Soul

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Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Class 11 English Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions - Landscape of the Soul - Free PDF Download

English is a compulsory subject in CBSE Class 11 curriculums, and it encompasses primarily two textbooks, Hornbill and Snapshots. Both of these books comprise prose and poems written by eminent authors across the world. However, the concerned text Landscape of the Soul Class 11 is a prose of distinct taste that students enjoy thoroughly.


Besides reading a wonderful text like Landscape of the Soul, students also need to score well in this subject, especially those who aspire to pursue a career in English literature. In order to make a concrete base in this topic, students can consult NCERT solutions of chapter Landscape of the Soul Class 11 to fetch good marks in English.


Class:

NCERT Solutions for Class 11

Subject:

Class 11 English

Subject Part:

Class 11 English - Hornbill

Chapter Name:

Chapter 4 - Landscape Of The Soul

Content-Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:

2024-25

Medium:

English and Hindi

Available Materials:

  • Chapter Wise

  • Exercise Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes



Another advantage of reading Landscape of the Soul Class 11 is that students can get their hands on the PDF version of this text for free of cost. It allows them to save money while gaining access to comprehensive solutions of the textual questions.

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Access NCERT Solutions For Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4: Landscape of the Soul

1. Notice these expressions in the text. Infer their meaning from the context.

i. Anecdote

Ans: It refers to a brief description of a specific event that is of an exceptional or exciting kind. 

 

ii. Illusionistic likeness

Ans: It indicates an attribute of the method of using a graphical representation that can trick the eyes. The reference is to an illusion created by the semblance of something.

 

iii. Delicate realism

Ans: It suggests the fragile nature of art which gives a realistic vision of the subject. 

 

iv. Conceptual space

Ans: It indicates the relations with the abstract rather than the exact description of the subject in a matter of art. This shows a dimension that cannot be a calculated measure of the subject. 

 

v. Figurative painting

Ans: It refers to the symbolic illustration which is observed only through the imagination of the artist.

 

Understanding The Text

1. (i) Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view with examples.

Ans. The contrasting character of the Chinese view of art with the European view is given below.

Chinese View of Art

European View of Art

From the Chinese point of view, art has a close and deep relation with the mind as well as the spirit. The Chinese paintings are deeply connected to the spirituality of mind and soul and try to represent it. 

European paintings try to depict the physical appearance and focus on reality. 

Example: The Chinese paintings of Wu Daozi are not amazing but they also have a spiritual inner approach.

Example: European paintings of Quinten Metsys represent the exact form of the subject that does not hold any underlying meaning.


(ii) Explain the concept of Shanshui.

Ans. In Chinese, Shanshui means “mountain-water”. It depicts the style of Chinese painting that is related to natural landscapes. However, they have an underlying deep meaning as mountain and water together form the landscape with mountain representing warmth and dryness that lies vertically while water on the other hand is cool, moist and lies horizontally.

 

2. (i) What do you understand by the terms ‘outsider art’ and ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’?

Ans. The words 'Outsiders art' refers to art created by someone without any professional training to be an artist. 'Art brut' or 'raw art' (term used by Jean Dubuffet who was a painter) are the works of art in their raw state that are considered to be unconventional and hold certain cultural as well as artistic values.

 

(ii) Who was the “untutored genius who created a paradise” and what is the nature of his contribution to art?

Ans. The person mentioned as ‘untutored genius who created a paradise’ is Nek Chand Saini. He is an octogenarian creator-director credited with the world-famous rock garden at Chandigarh. His art was considered to be an ‘outsider art’ in which he utilised stones and recycled materials to depict his expression in the form of painting. Though he had no formal training about art, he successfully created a masterpiece and hence, received the title “untutored genius”.

 

Talking About The Text

1. “The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered, but only the artist knows the way within.”

Ans. This phrase has tried to depict the strength of an artist and his capacity to create a deep connection with his artwork which is sacred and pious enough for anybody to prevent from entering into it and interfering. The Tang Emperor Xuanzong may be capable enough to rule over the territory which was under his jurisdiction but he can never understand an artist and his passion for his artwork. Every artist is unique in his way and can establish a divine relationship with his art that is impossible for a non-artist to understand.


 

2.  “The landscape is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space.”

Ans. The landscape here is referred to as the Shanshui, the Chinese painting which symbolises mountain water. The artist in this form tries to juxtapose two different entities ie. mountain (Yang) and Yin (water) together. Symbolically, the mountain stands vertically, which refers to its connection to heaven as it can serve to be the staircase to heaven whereas the horizontal water represents the earth. Therefore, Shanshui may symbolise the divine connection between the earth and heaven which is also a spiritual one. The artist not only focuses on the outer beautification of the painting but also tries to signify the inner and conceptual meaning related to mountain and water.

 

Thinking About The Language 

1. Find out the correlates of Yin and Yang in other cultures.

Ans. In Christianity, it holds a different meaning as compared to the Chinese tradition. It symbolises the unending struggle occurring between heaven and hell. On the other hand, in Hinduism, according to Vedanta philosophy, Yin and Yang symbolise Akshara (invisible soul) and Kshara (visible body).

 

2. What is the language spoken in Flanders?

Ans: In Flanders, the most spoken language is French. 


 

Working with Words

1.  The following common words are used in more than one sense.

panel, studio, brush, essence, material 

Examine the following sets of sentences to find out what the words, ‘panel’ and ‘essence’ mean in different contexts.

Panel

i. The masks from Bawa village in Mali look like long panels of decorated wood.

Ans. boards of decorated wood

 

ii. Judge H. Hobart Grooms told the jury panel he had heard the reports.

Ans. A group of common people was selected to listen to the evidence and provide a verdict on a court hearing.


 

iii. The panel is laying the groundwork for an international treaty.

Ans. Group of experts.

 

iv. The glass panels of the window were broken.

Ans. Window panes.

 

v. Through the many round tables, workshops and panel discussions, a consensus was reached.

Ans. Group discussions.

 

vi. The sink in the hinged panel above the bunk drains into the head.

Ans. A flat board fixed with a hinge.

 

Essence

i. Their repetitive structure must have taught the people around the great composer the essence of music.

Ans. The most remarkable characteristic of something, that gives it its identity. 

 

ii. Part of the answer is in the proposition, but the essence is in the meaning.

Ans. The main part.

 

iii. The implications of these schools of thought are of practical essence for the teacher.

Ans. Practical importance.

 

iv. They had added vanilla essence to the pudding.

Ans. A liquid taken from vanilla that contains its smell and taste is very strong in form.

 

2. Now find five sentences each for the rest of the words to show the different senses in which each of them is used.

Ans: The sentences are given below.

Studio:

  • Anand has been working for the Midsummer Studios as a sound engineer. 

  • The photographer asked the customer to visit his studio for his photos. 

  • Jaya is learning Kathak at a famous dance studio in Delhi. 

  • The programme will be broadcasted directly from Shockwave studios.

  • Rajesh bought a studio apartment in Bengaluru.

 

Brush:

  • For healthy teeth, brushing teeth twice a day is necessary.

  • Hearing compliments from her teacher, Manju blushed bright red.

  • Due to reckless driving, Harish brushed with death yesterday.

  • Experts use camel hair brushes for painting on the canvases.

  • The graphite brushes help to connect the coil inside the electric motor to the electric supply.

 

Material:

  • Nowadays humans mostly want material pleasure.

  • The raw materials for textile industrial use had become costly in recent years.

  • Raja’s weekend trip to Goa never materialised due to state wise lockdown.

  • The selectors decided MS Dhoni is one-day material, hence they selected him.

Shakespeare used comedy and tragedy as important materials in his plays. 

 

Noticing Form

A classical Chinese landscape is not meant to reproduce an actual view, as would a Western figurative painting.

Whereas the European painter wants you to borrow his eyes and look at a particular landscape exactly as he saw it, from a specific angle, the Chinese painter does not choose a single viewpoint.

The above two examples are ways in which contrast may be expressed. Combine the following sets of ideas to show the contrast between them.

1. (i) European art tries to achieve a perfect, illusionistic likeness.

(ii) Asian art tries to capture the essence of inner life and spirit.

Ans: While European art strives for perfection and illusionistic similarity, Asian art aims to convey the essence of inner life and spirit.

 

2. (i) The Emperor commissions a painting and appreciates its outer appearance.

(ii) The artist reveals to him the true meaning of his work.

Ans:  Though the Emperor orders a painting and admires its beauty, it is the artist who explains the true meaning of his work to him.

 

3. (i) The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered.

(ii) The artist knows the way within.

Ans: Though the Emperor governs over the lands he has conquered, the artist is the one who knows how to get in. 

 

Things to do

1. Find out about as many Indian schools of painting as you can. Write a short note on the distinctive features of each school.

Ans: Few Indian schools of paintings are:

  • Rajasthani painting

  • Bengal school of painting

  • Mughal school of painting

  • Mysore school of painting

Important features of these schools of art are given below.

  • Rajasthani school painting: This style was also a mix of local painting styles of Rajputana and Mughal painting styles. This school of art developed under the patronage of the kings of Mewar. 

  • Bengal school of art: This style developed during the twentieth century under British colonial influence. The art was primarily influenced by European painting style which later met the eastern techniques. 

  • Mughal School of art: This style came to life during the rule of Akbar. The painting style was influenced by the Safavid school of Persian painting, which later mixed with the Indian local style to generate the Mughal school of painting. The subjects were mostly nature and sometimes portrayal of rulers or common humans in various settings. 

Mysore school of painting: This style developed under the patronage of the royal family of Mysore. The main subjects of these paintings were human portrayal and Hindu mythological stories. This art was influenced by European painting techniques. 

 

2. Find out about experiments in recycling that help in environmental conservation.

Ans: The experiments in recycling that help in environmental conservation are:

  • Various packaging materials containing aluminium are used to make wrapping papers for gifts. 

  • Special fibres are produced from plastic bottles which are used to make durable and rainproof apparel.

  • The depleted uranium from the nuclear reactors is used to make armour-piercing shells. 

  • Cardboards prepared from recycled materials are used to make durable furniture in Japan.

Recycled wood is used to make usable furniture and construct homes. 


Nathalie Trouveroy’s ‘The Landscape of the Soul’ is composed of two parts. The first part has been extracted from the ‘Landscape of the Soul: Ethics and Spirituality in Chinese Painting’, while the second one finds its origin in “Getting Inside ‘Outsider Art’.” The theme of the chapter revolves around the arts. It deals with the art of painting presented through the aid of several stories. ‘The Landscape of the Soul’ enlightens us about Chinese painters, their prolific works and the tale behind them.

 

On the other hand, the second section of the story explores the concept of ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’. The term ‘art brut’ implies the art of those who are deprived of the right. A great deal about art and its history has been encapsulated in Trouveroy’s story.

 

Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 - Landscape of the Soul teaches us the value of imagination and how the perception of each painter about the world varies. An attempt to strike a comparison between the different art genres based on regions in ancient times can be observed in the story.  Nathalie Trouveroy compares Chinese and European art with the help of two anecdotes about each of these art forms. 

 

For a detailed summary, and explanation of important topics and the meanings of difficult words, download the PDFs of NCERt Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul.


NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 - Landscape of the Soul - Summary

Nathalie Trouveroy’s ‘The Landscape of the Soul’ is composed of two parts. The first part has been extracted from the ‘Landscape of the Soul: Ethics and Spirituality in Chinese Painting’, while the second one finds its origin in “Getting Inside ‘Outsider Art’.” The theme of the chapter revolves around the arts. It deals with the art of painting presented through the aid of several stories. ‘The Landscape of the Soul’ enlightens us about Chinese painters, their prolific works and the tale behind them. 


On the other hand, the second section of the story explores the concept of ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’. The term ‘art brut’ implies the art of those who are deprived of the right. A great deal about art and its history has been encapsulated in Trouveroy’s story.


Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 - Landscape of the Soul teaches us the value of imagination and how the perception of each painter about the world varies. An attempt to strike a comparison between the different art genres based on regions in ancient times can be observed in the story.  Nathalie Trouveroy compares Chinese and European art with the help of two anecdotes about each of these art forms. 


For a detailed summary, and explanation of important topics and the meanings of difficult words, download the PDFs of NCERt Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul.

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 - Landscape of the Soul

Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 NCERT Solution - Free PDF Download 

The questions from literature differ from other subject questions in approach. Thereby students need to learn the proper technique and suitable writing style to prepare an answer. NCERT Solutions of Class 11th English chapter Landscape of the Soul thus adhere to the subject-specific solutions and present the answers in a student-friendly way. 


Just like other English chapters, Landscape of the Soul Class 11 also combines a bunch of questions that follow the text. Following are the glimpses of such questions from the NCERT textbook. 

  1. Understanding the Text

Under this segment, students need to prepare answers on the differences between Chinese and European views of art with proper reference from the text. Along with that, they also provide an accurate explanation of some specific terms related to art like “outsider art”, “raw art”, “shanshui” and so on. 

  1. Talking about the Text

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English hornbill landscape of the soul also include questions that students need to discuss in groups. It allows students to improve their speaking skills and facilitates the exchange of knowledge. 

This part of the exercise seeks answers for the concept of Landscape as conceptual and spiritual space. 

  1. Thinking about Language 

As the name suggests, this part of Landscape of the soul Class 11 deals with linguistics aspects. It further explores languages spoken in different parts of the world as well as their cultural differences. 

  1. Working with Words

It is a part of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English landscape of the soul that plays with words and introduces various vocabulary to students. From this part of this exercise, students will get to learn about the words having multiple connotations such as “panel”, “essence” and likewise. 

Moreover, both short and descriptive questions come from this chapter, that students need to answer efficiently. Thereby, a solution for the exercises of ch 4 English Class 11 Hornbill can prove to be helpful for a student of Class 11.   


Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Poem

 

Class 11 Landscape of the Soul Solution: Students’ Favourite Guidebook 

While the textbook depicts the true essence of this literary piece, solving exercises on the same is equally essential when it comes to scoring good grades in examinations. In this domain, NCERT solutions for Class 11 English hornbill chapter landscape of the soul is a trustworthy name that students will find helpful while preparing the lesson. 

Here’s why

  • A thorough reading of this solution book assists students in understanding the underlying theme of this text. 

  • The language of this chapter is lucid yet impactful; hence, students can hone their writing skills reading this solution. 

  • Following this solution diligently, students can learn different new vocabulary. 

  • Since the question pattern resembles that of a broad examination, they can practise how to write better answers and score well. 

  • This solution can be a life-saviour during last minute revision as it covers all the texts, maintaining the chapter sequences. 

Moreover, Landscape of the Soul Class 11 NCERT textbook as well solutions both are available in PDF format. You can download them anytime on a device for free from e-learning platforms like Vedantu. 

You can also download Vedantu’s app to get a daily dose of knowledge!

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Chapter 4 - Landscape Of The Soul

1. Which website provides the best NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul?

Class 11 CBSE students can find the most authentic and well-prepared NCERT Solutions for English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul on Vedantu. It is available in PDF format, absolutely free of cost. The solutions are designed by the subject experts who are well versed in the NCERT and board guidelines. The answers are prepared as per the exam pattern. Students will get the proper explanation of the exercise questions in these solutions, which will be helpful during exam preparations. You can download the free PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 on Vedantu and score well in exams.

2. Who is the writer of the story Landscape of the Soul? What is the story based on?

Landscape of the Soul is written by Nathalie Trouveroy. The story depicts the difference between the Chinese art form and the European art form. The landscape of the Soul is revolving around stories behind paintings, highlighting the significance of art. Through this story, you will learn about the Chinese and European artists, their paintings and stories behind them.

3. What are the benefits of referring to NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul?

Students need not search multiple resources to find the answers to Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul as it can be easily availed on Vedantu. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 includes detailed and easy to understand answers to exercise questions. These solutions are written by experts who have years of experience in the field of teaching and are highly knowledgeable. Students will get well-prepared solutions as per the exam guidelines to score well in exams. These solutions also help in revising the chapters without much difficulty. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 4 free PDF is the best study material as it can help immensely in improving marks in the exam.

4. What does a European painter want his viewers to see in his paintings?

A European painter wants the viewers to look at his painting through his eyes, understanding the nuances of the painting from the perspective of the painter. As his paintings are so realistic, he wants the viewers to understand it by just looking at it.

5. What is the Landscape of the Soul?

The “Landscape of the Soul” is a chapter written by Natalie Treveroy in the  Hornbill NCERT Class 11 Chapter 4. Through this chapter, the writer is trying to contrast the European art form and the Chinese art form. In the European art form, you will see a figurative painting that will show a ‘real’ view, while in the Chinese art form, you will experience abstract art reflecting various viewpoints.   

6. What is the meaning of landscape in the Chapter Landscape of the Soul?

‘Landscape’ denotes the form of art that exists in the world. The writer explains two types of landscape paintings that exist - the European art form and the Chinese art form. A European landscape painting depicts real scenery based on delicate realism, while in a Chinese landscape painting, imagination and creativity takes the front seat to produce mental images rather than real ones. These abstract images are based on inner life and spirit.  You will find the solutions for this chapter on the page NCERT Solutions Class 11 English for free.

7. What is an anecdote Class 11?

Anecdote is a short story of an incident in a person’s life. In “Landscape of the Soul”, the writer has shared anecdotes from the Chinese community and her community in Flanders. The anecdotes used by her showcase the difference between different forms of art, namely, the European art form and the Chinese or Asian art form. These anecdotes beautifully show how one form thrives on delicate realism, while the other on inner life and spirit. 

8. Who is not the painter in the Landscape of the Soul?

In the ‘Landscape of the Soul’, the Tang Emperor, Xuanzong, is not a painter. He has commissioned a renowned painter - Wu Daozi - to paint a ‘landscape’ for the Emperor. Wu Daozi created a mesmerizing scenic beauty including trees, birds, clouds, hills, and a cave etc. But the Emperor could only see the outer beauty of the painting and failed to dive into the inner and spiritual journey or path that Wu Daozi had imagined inside the cave. 

9. What is Sanshui? 

Sanshui means mountain water in Chinese. It is used to understand the concept of landscape in Chinese art. The mountain stands for yin and water stands for yang. Yang stands for masculinity that will help you reach the vertical heights of the dry and warm sun. Yin stands for femininity and receptive energies of the universe. There is a third element which is the middle void. The void is the place where the Yin and the Yang interact. For more solutions for this chapter, visit the page NCERT Solutions Class 11 English on the Vedantu website or download Vedantu app to access resources at free of cost..