The dimension of an object/shape is basically a topological measure of the length, width, or height of its covering properties. Dimension is a measure of size extended in a specific direction. In simple terms, it is the number of coordinates required to specify a point on the object. For instance, a rectangle is a 2-dimensional figure, while a cube is 3-dimensional. The letter D in 2D, 3D denotes dimensions. The dimension of an object is sometimes also called its "dimensionality".
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Types of Dimensions
Most commonly, there are 4 types of dimensions as given below:
Zero Dimension: A point consists of no extent in any direction, so it has no dimension.
One Dimension: A line has how many dimensions? A line has only one dimension, which is its length.
Two-Dimension: A piece of paper consists of two dimensions i.e. length and width.
Three-Dimension: Dices consist of three dimensions i.e., length, width, and height. Dimension implies the measurement of the size or distance of an object or space in only one direction.
Formula of Dimension
How many dimensions does a point have? Dimension is a measure of a line or point stretched out in one direction and we are aware that every shape around us consists of some dimensions. The theory of dimension does not contain any particular dimension formula. The value and the number of dimensions differ depending upon their size and shape. The following table depicts the dimension formulas of circles and polygons.
Dimensions can be used to identify the unknown values of shapes using the help of formulas. For instance, if the perimeter of a square is 12 inches, we can determine its length with the help of the dimension formula: Perimeter = 6 × Length. Substituting the value of perimeter in the formula, we obtain 12 = 6 × Length. Thus, Length = 2 inches.
Different units are used to measure different quantities like length, tempurature, area etc. The following table shows the dimensions that are usually used for units like length, area, temperature, volume and weight.
Dimensions of Units
How Many Dimensions Does a Plane Have
Planes are 2 dimensional. However, they can exist in 3-dimensional spaces as well. The plane contains two dimensions: length and width. But since the plane is limitlessly large, the length and width are unable to be measured. Just as a line is defined as a 1-dimensional figure or one-dimensional shape having two points, a plane is defined by three points.
Dimensional analysis means to determine the physical quantities and evaluate the association between them. It helps us to study the nature of different objects like straightness and flatness mathematically.
The quantities that contain no dimension are known as dimensionless quantities. Such quantities consist of a certain value. For instance, the constant Pi - π is a dimensionless quantity since it has a fixed value. Following are the types of Dimensionless quantities:
Dimensionless Quantities With Units: These include angular displacement –Joule’s constant – joule/calorie, radian etc.
Dimensionless Quantities Without Units: These include pure numbers, π, sin θ, cos θ, tan θ, e, etc.
The expression displaying the powers to which the fundamental units are to be raised in order to get one unit of a derived quantity is known as the dimensional formula of that quantity.
If Q is the unit of a derived quantity denoted by the letter Q = MaLbTc, then MaLbTc is known as the dimensional formula and the exponents a, b and, c, are what we call the dimensions.
It is believed that the Universe consists of 10 dimensions; however, fortunately, the human eye can only apprehend three.
The meaning of dimension differs in mathematics and physics.
Dimension is the point or value, measuring the object.