Cooking Measurements

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Introduction to Cooking Measurements

In recipes, the quantity of ingredients are generally defined by mass (commonly known as weight), by volume, or by count.

Today, metric measurements by weight are preferred almost in different parts of the World, though the preference for volume measurement is extensive among home cooks in the United States and North America. Different ingredients are measured differently.

For Example, liquid ingredients are measured by volume whereas solid ingredients such as sugar, and flour are measured by weight worldwide, and volume in North America. Small quantities such as salt and species are generally measured by Volume, whereas meats are generally defined by weight or count Worldwide.‘ a 4 kg of chicken”, “ 5 lamb chops”. Eggs are usually measured in counts whereas vegetables are measured by weight, or occasionally by count.


In recipes, the quantities of ingredients are either measured by weight or volume. Water, milk, flour, sugar can be measured using:

  • Teaspoon

  • Tablespoon

  • Fluid Ounces

  • Cups

  • Pints

  • Liters

Some are metric, while others are US Standard, but it doesn’t pay much heed when we have measuring spoons or measuring cups.

Here, we will understand more about measuring spoons or measuring cups in brief.

What is Tsp Measurement?

A teaspoon, also known as tsp is an item of cutlery. It is a tool used for measuring volume or a small spoon that can be used to stir a cup or coffee. The size of the spoon ranges from about 2.5 ml to 7.3 ml. A teaspoonful is defined as 5 ml when used for cooking purposes, or most importantly for dosing purposes.

In the USA, there are 16 teaspoons in ⅓ cups and 6 teaspoons in 1 fluid ounce. The metric teaspoon as a unit of culinary measures is 5 ml or 5 cm³, ¼ Australian metric spoon, or ⅓ UK/ Canadian metric spoon.

What is the Measurement of 1 Teaspoon?

The measurement of 1 teaspoon is exactly equal to 5 ml or ⅓ tablespoon.

What is TBS Measurement?

A TBS or tablespoon is a large spoon used as a cooking measure by volume. It is occasionally referred to as tablespoonful or abbreviated as T or Tbsp. The TSB measurements vary by region: a United States tablespoon is approximately 14.8 ml (0.50 US fl oz), Canadian or United Kingdom tablespoon is exactly 15 ml (0.51 US fl oz), and an Australian tablespoon is (0.68 US fl oz) or 20 ml.

Traditional TBS Measurement Definition

The traditional US definition of tablespoon or tbsp as a unit of volume is defined as:

I US tablespoon = 3 teaspoon

                          = 4 fluid drams

                          = ½ US fluid ounce

                          ≈ 14.8 ml

A metric spoon is equal to 15 ml or 0.52 US fl oz.

The Australian definition of a tablespoon as a unit of volume is defined as:

1 Australian tablespoon = 4 teaspoon

                                       = 2 dessertspoon

                                        = 20 ml

                                        = ⅔ US fl oz.

Measuring Spoon and Cup in ML

A measuring spoon is a spoon used to measure ingredients, with liquid or dry in different recipes. Measuring spoons are made up of steel, plastic, metal, and other materials. They are available in different sizes such as teaspoon, and tablespoon.

Metric measuring spoons are available in different sets such as four to six sets, generally with decilitre (100 ml), teaspoon (5 ml), tablespoon (15 ml), and milliliter measures.

A measuring cup, also known as a measuring jug is used to measure the volume of liquid or bulk solid such as sugar and flour especially for volumes about (2 fl oz) or 50 ml upwards. Measuring cups may be made up of plastic, metals, or glass.

Measuring cups generally have a capacity from 250 ml ( approximately 1 cup) or 1000 ml (approximately 4 cups), though larger sizes of cups are also available for commercial use.

The measurement of spoons of different size in ml is discussed below in tabular format.

Measuring Spoon Size in ml

US Customary


⅛ Teaspoon

.6 ml

1/4 Teaspoon

1.2 ml

1/2 Teaspoon

2.5 ml

3/4 Teaspoon

3.7 ml

1 Teaspoon

5 ml

1 Tablespoon

15 ml

2 Tablespoon or 1 Fluid Ounce

30 ml

The measurement of cups of different sizes in ml is discussed below in tabular format.

Measuring Cup Size in ml

US Customary


¼ Cup or 2 Fluid Ounces

59 ml

1/3 Cup

79 ml

1/2 Cup

118 ml

2/3 Cup

158 ml

3/4 Cup

177 ml

1 Cups or 8 Fluid Ounces 

237 ml

2 Cups or 1 Pint

473 ml

4 Cups or 1 Quart

946 ml

8 Cups or 1/2 gallons

1.9 litres

1 Gallon

3.8 litres

Solved Example

1. Convert 5 teaspoons to tablespoons.


As we know, 1 tablespoon equals 3 teaspoon


We can use the formula, tablespoon (tbs) = teaspoon (tsp) 3 to convert a teaspoon to a tablespoon.


5 Tsp = 5 ÷ 3 = 1.666667 tbsp.

2. Convert ½ tablespoon to teaspoons.


As we know, 1 tablespoon equals 0.33333 teaspoon.


We can use the formula, teaspoon (tbs) = tablespoon (tsp) 3 to convert a tablespoon to teaspoon.


½ Tsp = ½ 3 = 1.5 tbsp.

Facts to Remember

  • 1 Tablespoon is equal to 3 Teaspoon.

  • 1 Tablespoon = 3 teaspoon = 15 millilitres.

  • 1 Teaspoon =  5 ml.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the Basic Tools Used to Measure Ingredients in Cooking?

Ans: The three basic tools used to measure ingredients in cooking are:

  • Measuring spoons such as tablespoon or teaspoon.

  • Measuring dry cups.

  • Measuring liquid cups.

2. What can be Used to Measure Ingredients Without Using Measuring Cups or Measuring Spoons?

Ans: Here is the best reference to measure ingredients used in cooking without measuring spoons or cups:

  • The size of one teaspoon is about the tip of your finger.

  • The size of ¼ teaspoon is about two good pinches between your thumb and both of your forefinger and middle finger whereas the size of ⅛ teaspoon is about one good pinch between your thumb and both of your forefinger and middle finger.

  • One tablespoon is about the size of an ice cube or half ping ball.

  • One cup is about the size of an apple, a half cup is about the size of the tennis ball, and ¼ cup is about the size of the large egg.

3. How Many Tablespoons are There in a Stick of Butter?

Ans: In the US, a stick of butter is generally 8 tablespoon or 4 ounces (113.40 grams). Therefore, half a stick of butter is equal to 4 tablespoons of butter.

4. What Does one Tablespoonful of Sugar Weigh?

Ans: As tablespoons are a measure of volume, not mass, the weight of one tablespoon of sugar depends on the types of sugar you are using. Generally, one tablespoon of sugar weighs about 12 ½ grams.