Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Difference Between Adjacent and Vertical Angles for JEE Main 2024

ffImage
Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
Total views: 56.7k
Views today: 1.56k

Adjacent and Vertical Angles: Introduction

To differentiate between adjacent and vertical angles: Adjacent and vertical angles are important concepts in the study of angles and geometric figures. Adjacent angles are two angles that share a common vertex and a common side, without overlapping. They are often found when lines intersect or when line segments share an endpoint. On the other hand, vertical angles are a pair of non-adjacent angles that are formed by the intersection of two lines. They are located opposite each other and share only the common vertex. Vertical angles are equal in measure and have significant applications in geometry, particularly in proofs and theorems. Knowledge of adjacent and vertical angles is essential for solving mathematical problems involving angles and geometric shapes. Let’s understand them further in more detail.

What is Adjacent Angles?

Adjacent angles are a pair of angles that share a common vertex and a common side, without overlapping. They are commonly found when lines intersect or when line segments share an endpoint. Adjacent angles can be identified by their proximity to each other, with one angle on each side of the shared side. The sum of adjacent angles is equal to the measure of the larger angle formed by combining them. Understanding adjacent angles is crucial in analyzing geometric shapes, solving problems involving angles, and applying properties of angles formed by intersecting lines. This concept plays a significant role in geometry and lays the foundation for studying angle relationships and angle measurement. The features of adjacent angles are: 


  • Common Vertex: Adjacent angles have a common vertex, which is the point where the two rays or line segments meet.

  • Common Side: Adjacent angles share a common side, which is the line segment or ray that connects the vertices of the angles.

  • Non-Overlapping: Adjacent angles do not overlap each other; they are distinct and separate angles.

  • Proximity: Adjacent angles are positioned close to each other, with one angle on each side of the shared side.

  • Sum of Measures: The sum of adjacent angles is equal to the measure of the larger angle formed by combining them. For example, if angle A and angle B are adjacent, their measures can be added to find the measure of the larger angle formed by combining them.

  • Formed by Intersecting Lines or Line Segments: Adjacent angles are typically formed when lines intersect or when line segments share an endpoint.


What is Vertical Angles?

Vertical angles are a pair of angles that are opposite each other and formed by the intersection of two lines or line segments. These angles have a common vertex but do not share a common side. Vertical angles are always congruent, meaning they have the same measure. This property holds true regardless of the angles' size or orientation. Vertical angles are significant in geometry and play a crucial role in proving geometric theorems and solving angle-related problems. Understanding vertical angles helps in identifying angle relationships, applying angle properties, and analyzing geometric figures. These angles provide valuable insights into the symmetry and congruence of intersecting lines and angles in mathematical contexts. The features of vertical angles are: 


  • Opposite Orientation: Vertical angles are formed by the intersection of two lines or line segments, and they are located opposite to each other.

  • Common Vertex: Vertical angles share a common vertex, which is the point where the two lines or line segments meet.

  • Non-Adjacent: Vertical angles are not adjacent angles, meaning they do not have a common side.

  • Congruent: Vertical angles are always congruent, which means they have the same measure. This property holds true regardless of the size or orientation of the angles.

  • Symmetry: Vertical angles exhibit symmetry, as they are mirror images of each other across the point of intersection.

  • Angle Pairs: Vertical angles are often considered in pairs, with one angle from each pair being vertical to the other.


Differentiate Between Adjacent and Vertical Angles

S.No

Category 

Adjacent Angles

Vertical Angles

1.

Common Side

Share a common side

Do not share a common side

2.

Proximity

Positioned close to each other

Located opposite to each other

3.

Sum of Measures

Combined measure equals the measure of the larger angle formed

Not applicable (congruent)

4.

Formation

Formed when lines intersect or line segments share an endpoint

Formed when two lines intersect

5. 

Relationship

Can be adjacent to multiple angles

Considered in pairs (opposite angles)

6. 

Measure Equality

Not necessarily equal

Always equal (congruent)


This table highlights the difference between adjacent and vertical angles in terms of their common side, proximity, sum of measures, formation, relationship to other angles, and measure equality.


Summary 

Adjacent angles are two angles that share a common vertex and a common side between them. They do not overlap or share any interior points. In other words, they are side by side and have a common endpoint. Vertical angles, on the other hand, are a pair of non-adjacent angles formed by two intersecting lines. They have the same vertex but are opposite to each other. Vertical angles are congruent, meaning they have the same measure or angle size. They are called "vertical" because they are formed by the intersection of two lines and are opposite to each other like the opposite sides of a square or rectangle.

FAQs on Difference Between Adjacent and Vertical Angles for JEE Main 2024

1. Do adjacent angles share a common vertex?

Yes, adjacent angles do share a common vertex. The vertex is the point where the two rays or line segments that form the angles meet. In the case of adjacent angles, they are positioned next to each other and have this common point of origin. This shared vertex is the starting point for both angles and represents the endpoint of one angle and the starting point of the other. The common vertex is a defining characteristic of adjacent angles, distinguishing them from other types of angles.

2. Can adjacent angles overlap?

No, adjacent angles do not overlap. By definition, adjacent angles are angles that share a common vertex and a common side but do not intersect or overlap with each other. They are positioned next to each other, with one angle on each side of the shared side. Overlapping would imply that the two angles occupy the same space or portion of the plane, which contradicts the concept of adjacent angles. It is important to distinguish adjacent angles from overlapping angles or intersecting angles, as adjacent angles have specific properties and relationships that are unique to their configuration.

3. Are vertical angles congruent?

Yes, vertical angles are congruent. Vertical angles are formed when two lines intersect, and they are located opposite each other. The key property of vertical angles is that they have equal measures. This means that if you measure one vertical angle, it will have the same measure as its corresponding vertical angle across the intersection. The congruence of vertical angles is a fundamental property in geometry and can be used to prove various theorems and solve geometric problems.

4. What is the sum of measures of adjacent angles?

The sum of measures of adjacent angles depends on the specific angles involved. Adjacent angles are angles that share a common vertex and a common side but do not overlap. When two adjacent angles are added together, their measures combine to form the measure of the larger angle that results from their combination. In other words, the sum of the measures of adjacent angles is equal to the measure of the larger angle formed by the two angles. This property holds true for any pair of adjacent angles, regardless of their individual measures or orientations.

5. Can adjacent angles be located on the same line?

Yes, adjacent angles can be located on the same line. When two angles share a common vertex and are on the same line, they are referred to as adjacent angles. In this case, the common side of the angles is the line itself. Adjacent angles on the same line can be found in various geometric configurations, such as intersecting lines, parallel lines, or in polygons. It is important to note that adjacent angles on the same line do not overlap or share any interior points; they are simply side by side.