What Are Redox Reactions?
The process of the Redox reactions is generally oxidation-reduction chemical reactions where the reactants experience a conversion in their oxidation states. The word ‘redox’ is a tiny state of reduction-oxidation.
Numerous types of redox reactions can be differentiated into two different procedures; one is known as the reduction process and another is the oxidation process.
These two types of reactions such as the oxidation and reduction reactions happen simultaneously. This kind of chemical reaction is titled as the Oxidation-Reduction Reaction or the redox reaction.
The material which is continuously reducing in a chemical reaction is recognized as the oxidizing agent. However, a substance that is having oxidation is known as the reducing agent.
Types of Redox Reactions
There are dissimilar types of redox reactions which are enlisted below with description:
It involves the itemization of a compound into other compounds. Illustrations of these types of reactions are:
Na2CO3 → Na2O + CO2
2H2O → 2H2 + O2
2NaH → 2Na + H2
The reactions given above are the result in the breakdown of smaller chemical compounds in the method of
AB → A + B
As confirmed, there is a singular case that checks that all the decomposition reactions are not redox reactions.
Such as CaCO3 → CaO + CO2
In this category, chemical reactions are contradictory to decomposition reactions and therefore, include the mixture of two compounds to form a single compound in the form of A + B → AB.
4Fe + 3O2→2Fe2O3
H2 + Cl2 → 2HClC + O2→CO2
This type of reaction consists, an ion or an atom in a compound which is substituted by an atom or an ion of a different element.
This reaction can be characterized in the form of X + YZ → XZ + Y.
Example: Cl2 + 2NaBr→ 2NaCl + Br2
In metal displacement reaction, a metal existing in the compound is evacuated by another metal.
These types of reactions find their application in metallurgical processes where pure metals are obtained from their ores.
For example, CuSO4+Zn→Cu+ZnSO4
In non-metal displacement reactions, we can discover a hydrogen displacement and sometimes rarely occurring reactions involving oxygen displacement.
Here, in disproportionation reactions, the solitary reactant is oxidized and diminished.
For illustration: P4 + 3H2O + 3NaOH → PH3 + 3NaH2PO2
Explain Redox Reaction
Reduction reactions are just like oxidation reactions. The reduction reaction can be simply stated as the increase in electrons in any material.
Any material that increases electrons at the time of a chemical reaction gets decreased.
Redox Reaction Example
These are some examples given below to elaborate on the redox reaction
In this metal displacement reaction, the copper metal results when zinc relocates the Cu2+ ion in the copper sulfate solution as presented in the reaction below.
CuSO4 + Zn → ZnSO4 + Cu
Zn → Zn2+ + 2e– = The oxidation half-reaction
Cu2+ + 2e– → Cu = The reduction half-reaction
(Image to be added soon)
Hydrogen and Fluorine Reaction
As we can see, hydrogen and fluorine combine to form a reaction, where the hydrogen is oxidized and the fluorine is reduced.
F2 + H2→ 2HF
The oxidation half-reaction = H2 → 2e– + 2H+
The reduction half-reaction = 2F → – 2e– + F2
Hydrogen fluoride is produced as the hydrogen and the fluorine ions undergo a chemical reaction.
Iron and Hydrogen Peroxide Reaction
As mentioned, in the equation below, the Fe2+ ion is oxidized to Fe3+ with the help of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of an acid.
The reaction is: 2Fe2+ + 2H+ + H2O2 → 2H2O + 2Fe3+
Fe2+ → Fe3+ + e– = Oxidation half-reaction
2 OH–→ H2O2 + 2e– = Reduction half-reaction
Therefore, the hydroxide ion is created from the reduction of hydrogen peroxide joined with the proton given by the acidic medium to produce water.
Application of Redox Reaction
Numerous chemicals like caustic soda, chlorine, etc. are developed using redox reactions.
Sanitizing water and bleaching materials are also the results of the Oxidation-Reduction reactions.
Several metals surfaces can be secured from weathering by attaching them to sacrificial anodes which come under corrosion.
A popular illustration of this procedure is the galvanization of steel.
The oxidation process is involved with the industrial production for cleaning equipment.
The oxidation reaction of ammonia produces Nitric acid, which is an element of many fertilizers.
A procedure called Electroplating uses redox reactions to put on a thin coating of a material on an object.
This method is widely known for the making of gold-plated jewellery.
The best illustration is the metal sulfides’ smelting in the existence of reducing agents.