The History of Visual Arts

The Changing World of Visual Arts

Art in any form, be it a monument, sculptured building, a painting which is a treat to us from the changing world of visual arts. Visual art is a physical art that we can touch and feel. It is a materialistic artform that has a long historical story. When Britishers, traders, and foreigners came to India, they brought their imperial art thoughts. All their thoughts are reflected in modern times. Artists from the west wanted to depict their points of view and they introduced a new concept in the Indian art form. As a result of this Indian Visual Art went under a drastic change under the rule of Colonialism and cultural society.


Visual Arts in India

India has always been the land of colouring festivals, vibrant traditions and depicted its art and craft. All 35 states and union territories have their own culture and tradition and speak in different languages. Folk art is present in almost every part of India. Folk is one of the most important visual arts. Some ethnic and simple tribal art of India also comes under visual arts. These art forms are very colourful and vibrant and rich to speak about Indian culture. The regional dances of India, such as the Bhangra dance of Punjab, the Dandiya of Gujarat, the Bihu dance of Assam, etc, project the culture and heritage of those regions.  


Imperial Art

  1. In the 18th century, the European artist who came to India brought with them new ideas and new thoughts, and also new inventions in painting. The picture had a western perception in it.

  2. The artist brought a new concept of feelings and realization. This included a careful and prominent observation and faithful understanding of scenarios with which they experienced themselves.

  3. The new concept of oil painting was very new to the Indian artists and they adapted that in themselves.

  4. The Indian artists were educated about various subjects of the painting. They also emphasized the superiority of Europeans.

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Portrait of Authority:

  1. Painting portraits was also a tradition at that time. The portraits were lively and real.

  2. As a result, the European portrait painter came to India for business and their profit. They also earned many commissions out of this art form. 

  3. Many oil portraits were commissioned by many Indian Nawabs which were painted by European painters.

  4. History painting is known as the category of imperial art. 

  5. These episodes recreated the old imperial history.

  6. British history created a great victory in the art of imperial society. Those paintings described the victories, supremacy and celebrated the power of Britisher.


Questions and Answers

Q1. Write a Paragraph on Different Arts of India?

Ans: Tribal art, like folk art, progressed due to the constant developmental efforts and hard work of the Indian government and other organizations. Tribal art generally depicts the craftsmanship of the tribal people. Tribal art ranges from wall paintings, tribal dances, tribal music, and so on. The forgotten art of storytelling is connected with Folk art. Tanjore Art contains a story in it. Madhubani's painting came from the Mithila region in Bihar. Warli Folk's painting came from the interiors of Maharashtra. Pattachitra is one of the oldest art forms in India that was originated in Odisha.


Q2. What are the Different Art Forms of the World?

Ans: Different art forms in the world are as follows:

  • Modernism

  • Impressionism

  • Abstract art

  • Expressionism.

  • Cubism

  • Surrealism

  • Chinese Style 

  • Japanese style

  • Indian Style

Q3. Who Followed the Tradition of Imperial Art?

Ans: A popular imperial tradition was a picturesque landscape painting. Nephew William Daniell and Thomas Daniell painted within this tradition.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. How Many Arts are there in India?

Ans: Many art forms are there in India but some of them existed for generations. Visual art was created from colours made of soil, leaves, mud, stones, flowers, charcoal, and cloth giving it a sense of vintage nostalgia. Madhubani painting originated from Mithila in Nepal and now in present from Bihar. It is practised mainly by women who stay with God and also very popular as Folk art. Miniature paintings are also famous for their intricate designs, expression of the characters in the image, and detail work. Phad is a religious scroll painting that originated in Rajasthan and indicates folk deities like Devnarayan. Kalamkari means drawing with a fine tip pen.

Q2. What are Some of the Benefits of Studying Art Forms in India?

Ans: Art is a trend, form, culture, and feelings. People in early times staying in cages used primitive artistic languages to speak. Hence we are well-connected with art forms and its need. The final result of any art form is to create painter-viewer communication through it. Art makes a stream of the subconscious and intends to personally, physically, and emotionally touch every person that comes across it. Art is appreciated for multiple and relevant reasons. It is the best way to understand the history behind hard work. The period from which the piece originated is also appreciated. Artists often reflect the emotions that they suffer from, and the problems of society through their work.