Art in any form, be it a monument, sculptured building, a painting which is a treat to us from the changing world of visual arts. Visual art is a physical art that we can touch and feel. It is a materialistic artform that has a long historical story. When Britishers, traders, and foreigners came to India, they brought their imperial art thoughts. All their thoughts are reflected in modern times. Artists from the west wanted to depict their points of view and they introduced a new concept in the Indian art form. As a result of this Indian Visual Art went under a drastic change under the rule of Colonialism and cultural society.
Visual Arts in India
India has always been the land of colouring festivals, vibrant traditions and depicted its art and craft. All 35 states and union territories have their own culture and tradition and speak in different languages. Folk art is present in almost every part of India. Folk is one of the most important visual arts. Some ethnic and simple tribal art of India also comes under visual arts. These art forms are very colourful and vibrant and rich to speak about Indian culture. The regional dances of India, such as the Bhangra dance of Punjab, the Dandiya of Gujarat, the Bihu dance of Assam, etc, project the culture and heritage of those regions.
In the 18th century, the European artist who came to India brought with them new ideas and new thoughts, and also new inventions in painting. The picture had a western perception in it.
The artist brought a new concept of feelings and realization. This included a careful and prominent observation and faithful understanding of scenarios with which they experienced themselves.
The new concept of oil painting was very new to the Indian artists and they adapted that in themselves.
The Indian artists were educated about various subjects of the painting. They also emphasized the superiority of Europeans.
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Portrait of Authority:
Painting portraits was also a tradition at that time. The portraits were lively and real.
As a result, the European portrait painter came to India for business and their profit. They also earned many commissions out of this art form.
Many oil portraits were commissioned by many Indian Nawabs which were painted by European painters.
History painting is known as the category of imperial art.
These episodes recreated the old imperial history.
British history created a great victory in the art of imperial society. Those paintings described the victories, supremacy and celebrated the power of Britisher.
Questions and Answers
Q1. Write a Paragraph on Different Arts of India?
Ans: Tribal art, like folk art, progressed due to the constant developmental efforts and hard work of the Indian government and other organizations. Tribal art generally depicts the craftsmanship of the tribal people. Tribal art ranges from wall paintings, tribal dances, tribal music, and so on. The forgotten art of storytelling is connected with Folk art. Tanjore Art contains a story in it. Madhubani's painting came from the Mithila region in Bihar. Warli Folk's painting came from the interiors of Maharashtra. Pattachitra is one of the oldest art forms in India that was originated in Odisha.
Q2. What are the Different Art Forms of the World?
Ans: Different art forms in the world are as follows:
Q3. Who Followed the Tradition of Imperial Art?
Ans: A popular imperial tradition was a picturesque landscape painting. Nephew William Daniell and Thomas Daniell painted within this tradition.