Introduction to Nationalism in India

What is Nationalism?

Nationalism is an idea that nurtures the heeds of a certain nation with the intention of attaining and sustaining the nation's sovereignty (self-governance) over its motherland. Indian nationalism evolved as a notion during the Indian independence movement which pushed for independence from British rule. Indian nationalism is an example of territorial nationalism, which is comprehensive of all of the people of India, despite their diverse cultural, rhetorical and religious backgrounds.

What are Various Reasons for Emergence of Nationalism in India?

The main reasons for emergence of Nationalism in India are:

  1. Political, Economic and Administrative Unification

  2. Impact of Western Education

  3. Development of means of Transport

  4. Socio- religious reform movements

  5. Development of Media, Newspaper and Magazines

  6. Britishers’ exploited Policies

  7. National Movements outside India

Let’s understand the different reasons for Emergence of Nationalism in India:-

1. Political, Economic and Administrative Unification: 

Nationalist opinions fatten easily among the people because India was amalgamated and blended into a nation during the 19th and 20th centuries. The commencement of a unvaried system of government by the British throughout the country unified it administratively. The demolition of the rustic economy and the commencement of modern trade and industries on an all- India scale had progressively made India’s economic life interlinked with the economic fate of people living in various areas of the country. Furthermore, the commencement of the railways, telegraph and unified postal systems had brought the various areas of the country together and boosted common contact among the people.

2. Impact of Western Education

Due to the extension of latest western education during the 19th century, a large number of Indians necked a modern, secular, democratic and nationalist political perspective. The extension and fame of the English language aided freedom fighters of different linguistic regions to interact with each other. Modern education also created a certain consistency and section of perspective and interests among the educated Indians. This English-educated intelligentsia formed the core for the newly-arising political disruption, and it was this group of the society that yielded the leadership to the Indian political guild.

3. Development of Means of Transport: 

The British formed a lattice of roads, railways, post and telegraph systems in the nation. This piloted the escalation of movements of people from one part of the country to other and mounted the circulation of particulars. All this expedited the emergence of a national movement in India.

4. Socio- religious Reform Movements

These reform movements quested to remove social iniquity which splitted the Indian society. This had the impact of bringing different groups of the society together. Since many reform movements withdrew their motivation from India’s rich cultural heritage, these boosted pan-Indian emotions and sparked nationalism.

5. Development of Media, Newspaper and Magazines: 

With the emergence of the modern press, both English and Vernacular, the latter half of the 19th century sighted an unmatched enlargement of Indian-owned English and Vernacular newspapers. The Indian Press played a memorable role in rallying public judgement, collocating political movements, fighting out public judgements and fostering nationalism.

6. Britishers’ Exploited Policies: 

A relevant aspect in the expansion of national feelings in India was the tone of racial ascendancy embraced by many Englishmen in their doings with Indians. The exploited policies of the British government were also superintended for the expansion of political unions.

7. National Movements Outside India

There were many national movements outside the country that galvanized the Indian nationalists like the Russian Revolution, the French Revolution, the American War of Independence.


The sense of nationalism fattened sturdy. An unquestionable detest was felt  by the great supporters of the British achievements. The procedure was steady but the undercurrent elements additively escorted to the politicization of unquestionable communities and eventually erracted a hippodrome of nationalist politics in India.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How Did the Emergence of Railways Give Rise to Nationalism?

Solution: Britishers introduced the railways in India by seeking that it would help in economic activities within the country. But emergence of Railways proved a spark in Nationalism in India because it connected to the people of different parts of India. By travelling in the rails, they interacted with each other and this alerted them that Britishers were devastating our land and making us down at every level i.e economic, socially, politically etc.

2. What are the Roots of Indian Nationalism?

Solution: The growth of national consciousness in India happened only in the latter half of the 19th century. Before that, there were struggles and conflicts against British colonisation, but they were all limited to smaller regions and, in any event, they did not reach the entirety of India. In fact, at the time, some scholars did not consider India to be a nation. While political union had occurred to some extent in the past under great kings like Ashoka and Akbar and under the Marathas, it was not lasting. However, ethnic unity has always been seen and, despite being governed by many kings, foreign powers have always pointed to the subcontinent as India or Hind as a single body.