Download PDF

Storm Definition

The storm is an acute disturbance of the atmosphere which is coupled by the mighty wind and usually by heavy or light rain, snow, hail, sleet, or thunder and accompanied by lightning. During a storm, the wind has a speed of 64 to 72 miles (which is 103 to 117 kilometers) per hour.

A storm is identified as a violent meteorological phenomenon where there is an occurrence of heavy rain and gusty strong winds. In our further section, we will know more about Storms, a common occurrence in our life. 


Storm Information 

Storms are the raging atmospheric disturbance, that is characterized by cloud cover, low barometric pressure, precipitation, and also with wild winds. They are also coupled with thunder and lightning. 

The cause of the storm is the moisture content in the air. The Formation of Hail and Lightning are also quite common an encounter with the storms. A storm generally happens in bad weather and accompanied by strong winds, thunder, lightning, and also heavy precipitation like ice.

The storm is a general term, which is popularly used to describe other disturbing variety of atmospheric disturbances, that ranges from ordinary rain showers and snowstorms to the happening of thunderstorms, wind-related disturbances, and gusting of wind like gales, tornadoes, sandstorms, tropical cyclones.


Meteorologically, the storm is restricted to a cyclone that has a strong low-pressure center, strong winds, that ranges from 103–117 kilometers per hour (which is 64–73 miles per hour), heavy precipitation, and also lightning and thunder. 


About Storm

Strom is the type of disturbance in the atmosphere which is manifested by gusty and strong winds which are accompanied by rain, snow, or other precipitation and are often struck by thunder and lightning.


A storm is described as a disturbed state in the environment or in the atmosphere which affects the surface, and this implies severe weather conditions. This also marked by significant disruptions to normal conditions such as strong winds, tornadoes, hail, thunder, and also lightning with heavy precipitation which is known as a snowstorm, rainstorm with heavy rain like the ice storm, the storm is freezing as well. The tropical cyclone and windstorm or the wind transporting substances via the atmosphere as in the case of a dust storm, blizzard, sandstorm, etc.

These strong, gusty storms have the potential to harm the lives and property of human beings. Also, for this it causes rain or snow causing flood or road passing incapability, lightning and wildfires may also happen, and also causes of wind shear are witnessed. 

Storms with heavy rainfall and duration relieve the drought areas. The heavy snowfall also might allow other recreational activities like skiing and snowmobiling.

Storms are then created when a center of low pressure gets developed with the high-pressure system that surrounds it. These couple of opposing forces can also create winds and which result in the formation of the storm clouds like cumulonimbus. The localised areas of low pressure can also form from hot air rising off from the hot ground, which results in smaller disturbances like dust devils and whirlwinds.  


Types of Storms

Now that we have covered what is storm, let us now learn about the different types of storms are as follows:

1. Deroche Storms

Deroche storms are the series of storms that have a large extent they all;l follow the path of each other even which at least 240 miles with wind gusts of at least 58mph.

2. Flooding

Floods also occur due to the rain and while other water rising faster than the drains can handle. Flooding often leads to high damage to homes and other commercial buildings.

3. Hail Storms

Hail storms are the cause of a lot of damage which is hard and can fall up to high speeds of up to 120mph.

4. Snow Storms

Heavy snow may also be an inconvenience that can cause damage to the home, heavy build-ups of snow can also lead to collapsing of roofs, or gutters. It also causes blockage of drains.  

5. Hurricanes

The hurricane is the most powerful and dangerous type of tropical cyclone, they are identified by low-pressure systems, high winds, heavy rainfall, and storm surges and swells.

6. Ice Storms

Ice storms produce freezing rain that covers everything in ice, they make everything slippery and also cause hazardous conditions and a high potential of affecting homes and vehicles.

7. Lightning

Lightning happens for storm damage, and this usually causes trees to fall, wildfires, structural fires, and also power outages.

8. Thunderstorms

Thunderstorms cause a wide range of types of weather, like hail, flooding, and tornadoes. 

9. Tornadoes

Tornadoes are very dangerous, as the high winds often gush in excess of 300mph. Tornadoes are very much prevalent in certain states like Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, and Missouri. They are names “tornado alley”. Minnesota which lies on the northern edge, witnesses around 26 tornadoes per year, with an average of more than 2 per month.

10. Tropical Storms

Tropical storms have wind speeds of between 39 to 73mph, they are prevalent in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

The main damage is caused by tropical storms which include damage that happens to the water.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a Meteorological Phenomenon?

Ans. Meteorological phenomena are the noticeable weather events that illuminate and are thus explained by the science of meteorology. These events are then bound by the variables which existed in the Earth's atmosphere.

A meteorological phenomenon can be defined as a weather event that can be explained by the principles of meteorology. These events include - Air mass.

While Meteorology is a branch of sciences that includes atmospheric content. This includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physic, here the major focus is weather forecasting. The study of meteorology is dated back many years back, through the significant progress related to meteorology. 

2. What is Hail Storm?

Ans. A hailstorm is a weather phenomenon that is quite unusual. Here the balls of ice are called hail, which falls from the sky. The ice balls are the solid precipitation that will form under certain weather conditions.

3. What is Wind Shear?


Wind shear is the change in the wind speed or the change in direction over a short distance. This can occur horizontally or even vertically this is most often associated with the very strong temperature inversions and with density gradients. Wind shear can also occur at higher or lower altitude levels.

Share this with your friends