What are Continents?

Our globe is organised into two major categories: landmasses and aquatic bodies. Water in the form of seas covers 71% of the total area of the earth, with the remaining 29% made up of landmasses known as continents. This article will discuss landmasses, sometimes known as continents. We shall discuss the names of seven continents of the world, continents by area, information about various continents, maps, and so on. 

The layman defines a continent as a collection of countries. However, in terms of geography, a continent is defined as a region separated along a shoreline strip. The sea is usually the terrain that divides one continent from another. Other variables such as climate, landmass, and other common features are also used to classify continents. So far, seven continents have been found and the names of several continents are  Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.

Seven Continents Map

The landmasses that exist on Earth are referred to as continents. These continents are further subdivided into nations and islands. We will all go through the list of seven continents across the globe map in this section. The world's seven continents, their countries, and other pertinent facts are listed below:

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  • Asia: Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, encompassing 29 % of its total land area. Asia is a diverse continent with many sorts of regions in various countries. It is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean, on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. The inhabitants of Western Civilization named the continent Asia. The continent of Europe encircles Asia. Asia is the continent from which human civilization emerged. When compared to other continents, the climate in Asia is rather mild. This continent covers a total size of 43,810, 000 square kilometres. India and Africa are separated by the Indian Ocean. 

Asia is home to 60% of the world's population. If you wish to travel throughout the world, Asia is a fantastic destination to visit. Many mountain peaks, hills, lakes, rivers, and other natural treasures may be seen. Asia's Gulf Areas are the wealthiest in terms of oil and petroleum products production. They export petroleum goods all throughout the world, and practically every country is largely reliant on them for oil supplies. The majority of Asian countries have tropical climates. India is another Asian country with a diverse and rich tradition.

  • Africa: Africa is known as the "dark continent" for a variety of reasons. The major reason for this tag is that it was previously unknown to the rest of the world. For several years, the continent made little development. It was a continent that had been completely isolated from the other continents for many years. The civilization of animals and plants blanketed and governed the continent. Theropods, prosauropods, and other strange animals encircled and controlled the continent. Even today, Africa is well-known for its diverse fauna. After Asia, Africa is now one of the most densely inhabited continents.

Africa accounts for about 20% of the total land area on the planet. This continent is made up of 54 countries, and natural resources abound, including mountain peaks, the Nile River, lakes, beautiful deserts, and much more. It has a total size of 30,221,532 km2.Yoruba, Hausa, Swahili, Igbo, and many other official languages are spoken by the native African people. Due to the equator running over the continent, Africa is regarded to have the warmest temperature. Varied nations have different climates, for example, summers in Cairo are extremely hot and winters are quite frigid. Many African nations are now undeveloped. The continent is bounded to the northeast by the Suez Canal, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic to the west, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.

  • North America: After Columbus found and identified the continent of North America, it became known as the New World. It is the world's third biggest continent, although it is sparsely inhabited. North America's most economically developed and strong country is the United States of America. This continent is bounded to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the north by the Arctic Ocean. 

In North America, English is the official and generally acknowledged language. It takes up 3.5 percent of the entire area of the earth, with a total size of 6.9 million square kilometres. The Amazon basin, which is rich in natural resources, has enriched and made this continent renowned to the rest of the globe. The Andes Mountains cover the majority of North America.

  • South America: This continent is the world's fourth biggest continent. It is not as affluent as the countries of North America. Many countries in South America are economically underdeveloped. The Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east encircle the continent. The continent is made up of 15 countries, some of which are islands. The Atacama Deserts, Amazon Rainforest, and Lake Titicaca are all located in the continent, therefore it is always recognised for its natural resources. This is where the world's longest mountain range may be found.

The splendour of the Brazilian highlands, the Amazon jungles, and daring sports along the Brazilian coastline such as diving, surfing, and sailing are just a few of the tourist attractions in South America. The Spanish language is spoken by the inhabitants of South America. The continent covers a total size of 17,838,000 square kilometres throughout the world. This continent has a population of 365366600 people. The climate in different sections of South America varies, with subtropical climate in the north, Mediterranean climate in the south, and tropical climate in the Amazon basin.

  • Antarctica: Antarctica is the world's coldest and most sparsely inhabited continent. The Eskimos' culture and the region's polar bears have traditionally made the continent famous across the world. Antarctica covers 14.2 million square kilometres of the world's surface. Only a few animals, such as penguins and seals, can survive in this location due to the extreme cold. Antarctica's overall population is believed to be between 4000 and 5000 people. -89.2°F was the lowest temperature ever recorded on this continent. Because no human being can survive in such a frigid environment, there is no human population here. The space is used solely for scientific research and exploration.

  • Europe: Today, Europe comprises 50 nations. The Ural Mountains, Ural rivers, and the Caspian Sea divide it from Asia. Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres of the earth's surface. Russia is Europe's most densely inhabited country. Greece is Europe's first country to be formed. The Roman script is followed by the inhabitants of Europe. 

Today, Europe, along with North America, is one of the most economically advanced continents. In numerous European nations, the Renaissance period brought forth a lot of change. The United Kingdom is Europe's most economically advanced country. Germany, Sweden, Austria, and Switzerland are the other tourist-drawing nations. Switzerland has long had tourist guides, who have extolled the country's beauty with a great deal of enthusiasm.

  • Australia: Australia is part of the Oceania continent. Only recently was the continent found. Some argue that it is only a collection of islands in the southern hemisphere, rather than a continent. It is made up of a collection of Pacific islands. The continent is separated into four sections based on the location of the areas, such as Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. It is home to at least 25 countries, with a total population of roughly 30 million people. There aren't many natural resources in this area.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the seven continents of the world ?

Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia are the seven continents (listed from largest to smallest in size). Europe and Asia are sometimes considered a single continent known as Eurasia. The sizes of continents vary greatly; Asia is more than five times the size of Australia. Greenland, the world's biggest island, is roughly one-fourth the size of Australia. The degree of compactness of the continents varies dramatically. Africa has the most consistent coastline and, as a result, the lowest coastline-to-total-area ratio. Europe is the most uneven and indented continent, with the greatest coastline-to-total-area ratio.

2. Which continent is referred to as the "black" continent ?

Africa is the world's second-largest continent, containing around one-fifth of the planet's total land area. The Atlantic Ocean borders the continent on the west, the Mediterranean Sea on the north, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean on the east, and the mixing waters of the Atlantic and Indian seas on the south.The majority of Africa is located in a tropical climate and receives a lot of sunlight and daylight. It is the only continent where the Equator, Tropic of Cancer, and Tropic of Capricorn all intersect. Therefore, it is named the dark continent or black continent.