The DSP abbreviation or the DSP full form in Police stands for Deputy Superintendent of Police. The DSP post signifies a rank within the police force in India. A DSP is a police officer of the state. S/he is a representative of the state police forces. The rank insignia of a DSP officer is a national emblem atop one star on the shoulder strap.
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A Brief History of DSP
Given that we have understood the DSP long form or DSP full form in police force, let us understand how the rank came into existence. With the introduction of the policy of Indianisation in the year 1876, the rank of the DSP or the ACP (Assistant Commissioner of Police) was created by the British Government in the commissionerate system, From its inception, it was a rank held solely by the Indians and was considered equivalent to that of an Assistant Superintendent (a rank that was held only by the Europeans then). In the present day, the DSP post signifies state police officers belonging to the provincial police forces. Their entry is either directly at that rank or through promotions in the department.
Power of DSP
As we have seen the DSP full form in English, now let us understand what is the meaning of DSP or what are the powers of DSP. Officially, a DSP is more or less equivalent to ACP or Assistant Commissioner of Police. A DSP is ascertained with certain administrative and financial powers. A DSP is in charge of law and order security along with ensuring administrative control of the subordinate officers in the district. The Financial Powers of a DSP is in accordance with the Financial Rule 1986 and the amendments introduced subsequently. The duties of a DSP basically include assisting the SP or the Superintendent of Police in his/her supervision and control of duties.
In a district, the DSPs are generally posted as circle officers. In the states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, the rank also goes by the common name of Circle Officer, which a technically incorrect term as CO signifies a post and not rank. A DSP in West Bengal is usually in charge of a sub-division and thus, is commonly referred to as SDPO or Sub-divisional Police officer.
There are periodical examinations conducted by the Government for the recruitment of police officers to this rank directly. Additionally, depending on the rules of the respective State Governments, a DSP can be promoted to an IPS officer after certain years of service. The number of years of service usually varies between 8 and 15 years.
How Can One Become a DSP?
A candidate who aspires to become DSP has to appear for the state-level exam that is connected by the State Public Service Commission. The examination for DSP is a particularly tough exam as it is conducted in several stages. Only a candidate who qualifies all the stages of the exam is eligible for recruitment to the post.
The various stages of the exam that is conducted for recruitment to the DSP post include:
Candidates must also note that they are required to undergo probationary training before they get posted as Deputy Superintendent of Police.
Eligibility Criteria for Becoming DSP
Before applying for the exam to become the Deputy Superintendent of Police, candidates must also ensure that they fulfill all the required eligibility criteria for the same, which include.
Candidates must be citizens of India.
Candidates are required to have completed graduation from a recognized university or institute in any stream.
Candidates must at least be of 21 years in age and their age limit and should not exceed 30 years. In the case of candidates belonging to the SC/ST category, there is a relaxation of 5 years provided in the upper age limit.
A male candidate applying for the exam should at least be of 168 cms in height while a female candidate should at least be 155 cms.
DSP Subject Full Form
So far we have learned the DSP long form in a broader context. However, the DSP abbreviation also stands for a subject. The DSP subject’s full form is Data Signal Processing. This subject forms an integral part of the curriculum of the Electronics and Communication and Computer Science Branch of Engineering. The DSP subject basically deals with the accuracy and reliability of digital communication with the employment of a number of techniques and improvisation.
Computers and other specialised digitalised signal processors use signal processing for several operations. The digitalised signals that are processed in this manner are a sequence of numbers representing continuous variation samples in different domains.
DSP has a varied number of applications ranging from sonar, speech and audio processing, radar/sensor array processing, statistical signal processing, spectral density estimation, data compression, digital image processing, video and audio coding, image compression, processing signal for telecommunications, biomedical engineering, control systems to seismology. Students in the fields of engineering where the DSP subject is introduced should have a good grasp of the same to comprehend the scope and uses.