He is one of the greatest scientists as well as Indian Politicians. He belonged to a Tamilian family and was an average & bright student in school. He played a huge role in science & technology, especially in the space field. Because of his huge contribution, he is also known as the " Missile Man" of India. He provided a new recognition to the country in the space sector. Due to his great contribution in this field as well as in the government sector, he was awarded numerous awards. In this article, we will talk about him. Usually, he is known with various names such as APJ and people generally don't know about APJ full form. Here, we will cover what is the full form of APJ Abdul Kalam, his life and achievements, etc.
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What is The Full Form of APJ Abdul Kalam?
This is one of the most asked questions about Dr Kalam. He belonged to a Muslim family and had a huge name and generally, a small abbreviation is being used to refer to him. Either he is called APJ or Abdul Kalam or Kalam or Dr Kalam or APJ Abdul Kalam. Usually, people don't know the APJ full form. Kalam full name is "Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam". This was the full name of Kalam.
If you're asked what is the full name of Abdul kalam or Dr APJ Abdul Kalam full form, you can simply answer his full name which is already mentioned above.
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Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a Tamil Muslim family in Rameshwaram. It was situated in Madras Presidency in British India and now in Tamil Nadu. The name of his father was Jainulandeen and his mother's name was Ashiamma. His father was a boat owner and his mother was a housewife. Abdul Kalam was the youngest one among his brothers and sisters. The eldest one was a sister whose name is Asim Zohra and three elder brothers namely Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Mustafa Kalam, and Kasim Mohammed.
Abdul Kalam's family had trade groceries between the mainland and to Sri Lanka and pilgrims and on the Pamban island. His family got the title of " Mara Kalam Iyakkivar" which means wooden boat steerers and later they are known as "Marakier." But from 1920 his family lost all his business and in poverty-type situations, Abdul Kalam was born. He was so close to his family. He remained a bachelor all his life. He was selling newspapers at an early age just to help his family.
He was an average student in his school but it was said that he is a hardworking and bright student who has a desire to know and learn things. He has taken so much interest in mathematics. He completed his matriculation from Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram and he went to Joseph college, where he became a physics graduate. He went to Madras to study aerospace at Madras Institute of Technology in 1955. There is a project in the institute to design low-level aircraft. Kalam worked hard and the teacher was impressed by his work and dedication towards this. He wanted to become a fighter pilot but he got 9th position and only eight positions were available.
Education and Career.
We have learned what is the full form of APJ; let's learn about his education and career:
He graduated from IIT Madras in 1957.
In 1959, He joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the DRDO i.e Defence Research and Development Organisation as a scientist.
He worked with the INCOSPAR i.e. Indian National Committee for Space Research in the early 1960s under Vikram Sarabhai who was a renowned space scientist.
He was not happy with his work at DRDO and he became happy when he transferred to ISRO i.e. Indian Space Research Organisation.
He served at the ISRO as a project director of SLV-III there and expanded the program with Government's approval.
With an aim of allowing his country to launch an IRS satellite into Sun Synchronous orbit, he developed PSLV i.e. Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle which was successfully launched on September 20, 1993.
He witnessed the first nuclear test of India i.e Smiling Buddha.
He directed two projects in the 1970s namely, Project Devil and Project Valiant where the former aimed at the development of short-range surface to air missiles whereas the latter focused on intercontinental ballistic missiles.
In 1983, he again joined DRDO to lead the project but now as a chief executive of IGMDP i.e Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme, which led to the development of projects namely Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, and Nag.
This project was successful and because of his contribution, he is regarded as the " Missile Man of India ".
He was appointed as the "Scientific Adviser" to the Defence Minister of the country in 1992 and in 1999 appointed as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India with the rank of a cabinet minister.
He played a vital role in conducting Pokhran-II in May 1998. He was regarded as the hero of the country for his contribution.
As President of India
He was known as the 11th President of India. He served the country from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. Before being appointed as a president, he worked with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and as an aerospace engineer, he worked in Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
On the date of 10 June 2002, the NDA government gave the name of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam to the opposition party of that time. He was the first president who was a scientist and he was the first bachelor who came to the Rashtrapati Bhawan. Being popular with the people of the country, he got approx 922,8884 votes against the Lakshmi Sehgal and won the presidential elections. He became the 11th president after K.R Narayanan. He received the Bharat Ratna for his work and he became the third president after Dr Sarvapali Radhakrishnan in 1954 and Dr Zakir Hussain in 1963 who received the highest civilian honour. He was also known as the people's president. It is said that Abdul Kalam said that the toughest thing for him is to sign the bill of the office of profit. He worked hard and committed to his vision to develop the country. But he has been criticised for his actions to decide the fate of 20 petitions out of 21. It includes the Kashmiri terrorist Afzal Guru who was once trapped for the parliament attacks in December 2001. Then he decided not to take part in presidential elections again in 2007 and stepped down as the president on 25 July 2007.
In the place of Shillong, on 27 July 2015 he was delivering a lecture at IIM then suddenly he got a heart attack and his condition was very critical. Due to this, he was taken to hospital immediately. After some time, he died of cardiac arrest. His last words to Srijan Pal Singh were " Funny guy! Are you doing well?"
On 30 July, the former president was laid to rest at Rameshwaram's Pei Karumbu Ground with state honours. For the last ritual of Abdul Kalam, 350,000 people came to attend. It includes the Prime Minister, chief minister of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
A memorial was built in memory of Abdul Kalam. It was built in the island city of Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu that is Pei Karumbu. It was built by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). In the memorial various rockets and missiles are kept for his hard work and paintings and portraits that depict the life of Dr Kalam. The statue of Abdul Kalam was placed at the entrance of the memorial. It shows him playing a musical instrument called Veena.
Awards and Achievements
We have understood APJ full form. Let's check out some of the awards & achievements of APJ:
Bharat Ratna from Government of India (In 1997).
Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration from the Indian National Congress ( In 1997 )
Veer Savarkar Award from Government of India ( In 1998 ).
Ramanujan Award from Alwars Research Centre, Chennai ( In 2000 ).
The King Charles II Medal by the Royal Society, United Kingdom ( In 2007 )
Doctorate of Science from the University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom ( In 2007 ).
Hoover Medal given by ASME Foundation, USA ( In 2008 )
Received a Doctor of Engineering from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore ( In 2008 ).
These are just a few awards & achievements of Dr Kalam. He received numerous awards & recognitions and doctorates from multiple institutes.
Thus to sum up the discussion about Kalam and APJ Abdul Kalam full form, we can conclude that he was a great man and a great scientist because of whom India achieved new heights in the field of science & technology. He was not a great scientist but also became the 11th president of India. He was known to be the first president who was a bachelor and was a scientist. He succeeded K.R Narayanan and played a great role in the Government of India as a president. In this article, we have learned the full form of APJ Kalam, About his early life, education and career, presidentship & various achievements, etc. Various abbreviations can be used to refer to him such as Kalam, APJ, etc.
We have learned what is the full form of APJ Abdul Kalam and all related and important aspects of his life.
Let's go through and solve some important questions which are given below: