Vinegar Formula

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What is Vinegar?

Vinegar is a dilute or aqueous form of ethanoic acid (acetic acid). It is used in food for flavoring. Vinegar is widely available, affordable, and used as a remedy. vinegar is useful for individuals with diabetes or prediabetes. Vinegar acts as a source of polyphenols. Vinegar can be made by the oxidation of fermentable carbohydrates, including molasses, dates, grapes, berries, melons, coconut, honey, beer, maple syrup, potatoes, beets, and malt.


Vinegar Chemical Formula

Vinegar is a dilute form of acetic acid. Therefore, the main component of vinegar is acetic acid. So, both vinegar and acetic acid are the same. The chemical name and formula of vinegar is acetic acid and CH3COOH respectively. Chemical formula and molecular formula both represent the proportion of atoms in a chemical compound. So, both vinegar molecular formula and vinegar chemical formula will be the same. Vinegar molecular formula and the chemical formula is CH3COOH or C2H4O2.

 

Structure of Vinegar

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The structure of vinegar is composed of one methyl group and one carboxylic group. Both these groups are bonded with the single sigma bond. In the methyl group, three hydrogen atoms are bonded with the carbon by three-sigma covalent bonds. In the carboxyl group, one hydroxyl group and one oxo group are present. Hydroxyl group bonded with the carbon by a single sigma bond while the oxo group is bonded with the double bond, one is pi-bond while, the other one is the sigma.


Properties of Vinegar


Physical Properties of Vinegar

1. Its molecular mass is 60.052 g/mol.

2. Its density is 0.96 g/ml

3. Its melting point is 16.6℃.

4. Its boiling point is 118.1 ℃.

5. It is corrosive in nature.


Chemical Properties of Vinegar

1. The solubility of vinegar is greater than or equal to 100 mg/mL at 73℉.

2. It emits irritating fumes when heated to decomposition.

3. Its heat of combustion is 874.2 kJ/mol.

4. It is flammable in nature.

5. Its hydrogen bond donor count is 1.


Comparison of Vinegar and Sodium Bicarbonate

Properties

Sodium Bicarbonate (baking soda)

Acetic Acid (vinegar)

Nature of the bond

ionic

covalent

Nature of the compound

salt

covalent

Density

2.1 g/cm3

0.96 g/mol

Boiling point

-

118.1-degree Celsius

State

solid

Viscous liquid

Melting Point

228 ⁰F

16.6⁰C

Molecular Mass

84.007 g/mol

60.052 g/mol

 

Baking Soda and Vinegar Formula

The chemical formula for vinegar and baking soda is NaHCO3 sodium while that of vinegar is CH3COOH. Baking Soda is chemically named sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate. The chemical name for vinegar is acetic acid.


Structure of Vinegar and Baking Soda

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Vinegar and Baking Soda Reaction

NaHCO3 + CH3COOH → CH3COONa + H2O + CO2

When sodium bicarbonate reacts with acetic acid it forms salt known as sodium acetate. The IUPAC name of sodium acetate Is sodium ethanoate. In this reaction water molecules and carbon dioxide molecules are also formed as a byproduct.


Did you know?

  • Vinegar is used in reducing systolic blood pressure.

  • Vinegar helps in controlling blood sugar levels.

  • Baking soda is used in agrochemicals like Fungicides and Herbicides.

  • Baking soda is used as a food additive.

  • Baking soda can be used as an absorbent.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Question: Give Any Five Chemical Properties of Vinegar.

Answer: Five chemical properties of vinegar are given below:

1. The solubility of vinegar is greater than or equal to 100 mg/mL at 73° F.

2. It emits irritating fumes when heated to decomposition.

3. Its heat of combustion is 874.2 kJ/mol.

4. It is flammable in nature.

5. Its hydrogen bond donor count is 1.

Question: Explain the Reaction of Baking Soda and Vinegar.

Answer: When sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) reacts with acetic acid (vinegar) it forms salt known as sodium acetate. In this reaction water molecules and carbon dioxide molecules are also formed as a byproduct. The IUPAC name of sodium acetate Is sodium ethanoate.

NaHCO₃ + CH₃COOH → CH₃COONa + H₂O + CO₂↑