In Chemistry, the concentration of a solution or a substance needs to be determined to understand and calculate the impact properly. There are different methods of measuring the concentration of a substance. One such method is given by the molar concentration formula. In this section, we will study and learn how this formula can be determined and used for different substances. To understand the expressions in the molarity formula, you will have to use the concept of molecular weight and mole and symbols used to represent them.
What do you mean by the Molarity Formula?
We have come across different kinds of solutes and solvents. The concentration of a solute and a solvent in a solution needs to be determined for generating proper results during a reaction. The concentration of substances in a solution can be determined when you know the molecular formula and their molecular weight. To understand and utilize the molarity formula in chemistry, let us recapitulate what molecular weight and mole stand for.
The molecular weight of a substance is the addition of the atomic weight of all the constituent elements in one molecule of that substance. When this molecular weight is expressed in grams, it represents 1 mole of that substance. For instance, the atomic weight of oxygen is 16. Its molecular weight is 32 as it is a diatomic molecule. Hence, 1 mole of oxygen is 32 g.
Mole = Mass of the Substance (g)/its Molecular Weight (MW)
Utilizing this concept, we can easily find out the molar concentration of a substance in a solution.
The Molar Solution Formula is determined in the following way.
Molarity (M) = Moles (n)/ Volume of the Solution (L)
Here, the symbols are mentioned after each of the scientific terms used in the formula. Hence, the unit of molar concentration is expressed in moles/liter.
It is easy to determine the molar concentration formula by studying the expressions explained elaborately. You can now easily identify the molar concentration of a substance in any kind of solution.
You can also identify the density of substances in a solution by using the molarity formula in terms of density. By just multiplying the molecular weight of the substance to the formula, you will get the exact density of the substance.
Where Molarity Formula is used?
As mentioned earlier, the formula for concentration in chemistry is used in different fields of science. In advanced science subjects, you will find the vivid use of this formula that helps in understanding the dynamics of a chemical reaction. In fact, the effect of thermal expansion in fluids can also be determined using molarity. By using this formula, you can determine the quantities of substances reacting or the quantity required for a reaction to give a calculated output.