Magnesium Oxide Formula

Chemical Formula of Magnesium Oxide

One of the easiest formulas for students to know and retain throughout tests or exams is the Chemical Formula of Magnesium Oxide. Before we get into the formula, let's have a look at the MgO compound name itself. Magnesium oxide, often known as magnesia, is a naturally occurring alkaline earth metal oxide that is mainly created by calcining certain minerals. At high temperatures, it is a solid that is both physically and chemically stable. As a result, it's usually employed in refractory materials.


MgO Compound Name

Magnesium oxide is formed up of the ions Mg2+ and O2-, which are joined by an ionic connection. However, based on the valency, we can conclude that the net charge in the molecules is zero and balanced, with one magnesium and one oxygen atom. As a result, the chemical formula for Magnesium Oxide is MgO.


Properties of Magnesium Oxide Formula 

Molecular formula of magnesium oxide- MgO

Molar Mass of magnesium oxygen symbol- 40.3044 g/mol

Density of magnesium oxygen formula- 3.58 g/cm3

Melting Point- 714 °C

Boiling Point- 1090°C

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Experiment to Show Burning of Magnesium Ribbon Equation

When a piece of magnesium ribbon is ignited, it produces light and heat.


Aim:

This is a simple demonstration that explains the magnesium oxide symbol and the concept of an exothermic process and one that produces light energy.


Materials Required:

  1. 6-8 cm magnesium ribbon sanded to remove oxide coating

  2. Bunsen burner, charcoal grill lighter or similar

  3. Tongs


Procedure: 

Adjust the flame to light blue after lighting the burner. Place the other end of the magnesium ribbon in the flame while holding one end with tongs. Holding the flaming ribbon at arm's length is recommended. Magnesium burns brightly and generates a lot of heat.

2Mg +  O2 → 2MgO (magnesium ribbon formula)

Magnesium oxidation or combustion in air has long been employed in photography and other photochemical reactions as a source of bright light. The energy released in this combustion is due to the reaction of magnesium with oxygen in the air, as shown in magnesium oxide balanced equation:

Magnesium oxide has a heat of formation of -601.83 kJ/mol. When magnesium burns, about 10% of the energy is converted to light, a figure that is unmatched among known energy transformations employed in the production of light.


Hazards:

The light from the burning magnesium ribbon is strong enough to inflict temporary blindness. Avoid gazing directly at the source of light. When magnesium is burned in the air, it produces a lot of heat, which can inflict burns and start a fire in flammable objects. A dry-powder extinguisher must be used because a carbon dioxide fire extinguisher will not extinguish burning magnesium.


Procedure for Balancing a Magnesium Oxide Equation:

To comprehend the stages needed in balancing a chemical equation, consider the chemical interaction between magnesium and oxygen.

Let's start by writing the reaction's word equation.

Magnesium + Oxygen → Magnesium oxide

Step 2: Write the chemical equation for the magnesium-oxygen reaction.

Mg + O2 → MgO

Step 3: Count how many times each element appears on both the LHS and RHS of this equation.

Mg +  O2 → MgO


Component  

Reactant 

Product

Magnesium

1

1

Oxygen        

2

1


This is an unbalanced magnesium oxide equation.

On each side of the equation, there are two oxygen atoms, but one magnesium atom on the reactants' side and two on the product's side. As a result, on the left-hand side, multiply the magnesium atom by two.


Component 

Reactant 

Product

Magnesium  

1 X 2 = 2

2

Oxygen    

2

2


The balanced equation is

2Mg +  O2 → 2MgO

The number of atoms in each reactant element equals the number of atoms in each product element.

Using the Arrow to write specific conditions The reaction takes place in the presence of heat.' When magnesium is heated, it reacts with oxygen in the air to generate magnesium oxide.


Conclusion

Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium. MgO is prized as a refractory material that is physically and chemically stable at high temperatures.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is Magnesium Oxide's Formula MgO?

Magnesium oxide is formed up of the ions Mg2+ and O2-, which are joined by an ionic connection. However, based on the valency, we can conclude that the net charge in the molecules is zero and balanced, with one magnesium and one oxygen atom. As a result, the formula for Magnesium Oxide is MgO.

2. Is Magnesium Oxide an Antacid or a Laxative?

Magnesium oxide is a supplement that helps the body maintain its magnesium levels. Magnesium oxide is also used as an antacid or a laxative to relieve occasional constipation.

3. Why Does Magnesium Burn So Bright?

Magnesium combines with oxygen to produce a bright light that briefly blinds you. Because the reaction produces a lot of heat, magnesium burns brightly. Magnesium provides two electrons to oxygen in an exothermic process, resulting in powdered magnesium oxide (MgO).