Types of Plans - Single-Use and Standing Plans

What is Planning?

Planning is very important not just for organizations, but also for individuals, for success and the successful performance of an organization. It is the most fundamental of all the roles of management. The first of the basic managerial tasks are planning. Planning is important as it inquires about organizational priorities by default and includes decision-making in preferred ways and means of achieving goals. This requires the collection of missions and targets and the steps to achieve them. Consequently, each company puts a greater focus on planning.


As a process, planning includes deciding the potential course of action, which is why action is taken, what action is taken, how an action is taken, and when action is taken. These are linked with various aspects of the method of planning.


Nature of Planning

By considering its four main aspects, the essence of planning can be understood. These are:

  • It is a commitment to goals.

  • It is the primacy of the manager's assignments.

  • It is omnipresence, and it is.

  • The success of subsequent plans.

Characteristics of Planning:

  • Managerial Role: Planning is a managerial function that provides the basis for other management functions, i.e. coordinating, staffing, directing, and controlling, as they are carried out within the periphery of the plans made.

  • Objective-Oriented: It focuses on the definition of the organization's objectives, the identification of possible courses of action, and the decision on the required action plan to be followed to achieve the objectives.

  • Pervasive: It is omnipresent in the sense that it is present in all segments and is required at all organizational levels. Although at various levels and agencies, the complexity of preparation varies.

  • Continuous Process: Plans for a particular term, such as a month, quarter, year, and so on are made. When the time is over, fresh proposals are drawn up, taking into account the current and future needs and conditions of the organization. It is also an ongoing process, as the plans are framed, implemented and another plan is pursued.

  • Intellectual Process: It is a mental activity that includes applying the mind, thinking, anticipating, intelligently imagining and innovating, etc.

  • Futuristic: We take a sneak look at the future in the course of preparation. It includes looking into the future, evaluating it, and forecasting it so that the organization can better face future challenges.

  • Decision-Making: Decisions are made with regard to the selection of possible courses of action that can be taken to achieve the objective. The preferred alternative should be the best of all with the lowest number of negative results and the highest number of positive results.

Planning is concerned with the setting of goals, targets, and the development of strategies to achieve them. The exercise lets managers evaluate the current situation to find ways of maintaining the desired role in the future. It is both the organization’s need and the managers' responsibility.


Importance of Planning:

  • It allows managers to boost potential results for the good of the organization, by setting targets and choosing a course of action.

  • This minimizes danger and misunderstanding by looking forward to the future.

  • Coordination of events is encouraged. Therefore it reduces duplication between operations and removes unproductive jobs.

  • It states in advance what needs to be achieved in the future, so it offers instructions for action.

  • It uncovers potential opportunities and risks and detects them.

  • It sets out control criteria. It contrasts real performance with normal performance and attempts are made to correct the same performance.

Different Types of Planning:

There are different types of planning. Some of the important planning are explained below:

Single-Use Plan:

One is a single-use strategy that sets a course of action for a specific set of circumstances and is used until the specific purpose is achieved. Programs, budgets, programs, and timetables can be included. It is called specific preparation, too. The single plan for use is short-range. For single or special circumstances or issues, single-use plans are prepared and are usually discarded or replaced after one use. Four forms of single-use policies are commonly used. These are the:

  • Goals

  • Programs

  • The Ventures

  • The Budgets

Standing Plan:

The Standing Plan is one that is meant to be used again and again. The standing plans include goals, policy processes, tactics, guidelines, and strategies. This helps managers to mitigate their workload. The routine plan is often called the Standing Plan. Long-range is normally a standing or routine plan. Standing plans are drawn up to cover problems encountered repeatedly by administrators. A standard operating method can be called a standing plan (SOP). Five forms of standing plans are commonly used:

  • Mission or intent

  • Plan, Strategy

  • The Policies

  • Laws, Rules

  • Approaches


Difference Between Single-Use Plan and Standing Plan:

Basis of difference

Single-use plan 

Standing Plan

Time Period

Single-use plans are for a shorter period and are repeatedly worked out in case of need.

Standing Plans are formulated for a longer period.

Basis

Single-use plans are based on the standing plan of an organization. 

Standing Plan is based on the main objective of the organizations

Scope

These plans advise in the matters of daily routine.

These plans advise the managers in particular matters such as sales policy and price policy.

Types

The single-use plan is of 2 types:

Budget

Program

Standing plan are of six types:

Rules

Methods

Strategies

Policies

Procedures

Objectives

Object

Single-use plans are designed to run successfully some particular activities.

Standing plans are repeated to bring about informality in the decision.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Which are the Two Types of Plans not Considered as Standing or Single-Use Plans?

Ans: Objectives are a strategy that is not a single or standing plan. Objectives are not a single-use strategy so longer-lasting targets are made and should not be viewed as a single-use. On the other hand, priorities are not a standing strategy, since goals can be changed from time to time in compliance with management changes. Companies, large or small, may define issues and set general targets for their organization, but to make progress, they need concrete strategies. The preparation stage includes action courses and describes the outcomes that the business needs to see. At the various levels of the company, these findings translate into targets.

2. What is a Multi-Use Plan?

Ans: Multi-use plans and single-use plans are divided into two groups. Standing plans or repeated use plans are other names. In cases of a similar type, they are used repeatedly. They are often used for repetitive-nature problems. It is a particular strategy for a non-recurring occurrence to be met. In nature, they are long-term strategies that are used by the whole organization. They are the successful means by which power, communication, and goals are accomplished. Goals, plans, practices, procedures, and regulations are included.