An accountant is a person who records the business and financial transactions on behalf of the organization, he also reports the performance of the company to the management, and issues the financial statement of the concern. Several examples of the types of transactions in which an accountant is involved are as follows:
An accountant issues an invoice to a customer which involves the recording of sale and account receivable.
An Accountant also receives an invoice from a supplier, who is involved in the recording of an expense or asset or an account payable.
An accountant issues a salary or wage paid to an employee involving the recording of an expense and outflow of cash.
An accountant also reconciles the bank statement.
The Records Produced by an Accountant
In addition to the work of transactions performed by the accountant, the recording is also produced by an accountant. Following are the types of recording that is being provided:
The Financial statements are presented to the owners or the business operators of a business, as well as to the lenders and the creditors.
Management reports are also issued to the management team. The reports are highly customized according to the needs of the entity, which may cover important business topics.
The tax reports are also issued to several government entities. The reports are then provided in detail regarding the amounts that are paid for income taxes, property taxes, and other sales taxes.
Process Creation by the Accountants
An accountant is again involved in the creation of a number of processes within the business network, which typically include several controls to ensure that the assets are properly managed by them. Examples of such processes are:
Shipments to the customers
Receipts from the suppliers
Cash receipts from the customers
Maintaining Books of Accounts
The Books of accounts have to be maintained if the gross receipts are more than Rs. 1,50,000 in 3 preceding years says the tax law. This too applies to a newly set up profession whose gross receipts are expected to be more than Rs. 1,50,000.
All the below professions are required to maintain the books of accounts:
Technical Consultancy Services
Interior decoration professions
The authorized representative, who represents another person for a fee before a tribunal or for any authority constituted under any law
Primary Function of Accountant
Accountants in the growing business arena perform a wide variety of functions. The primary functions performed by them can be summed up in the following:
1. Maintaining the Books of Accounts
This is the primary function of an accountant, which is to perform the functions of accounting. The accountant is required to maintain a systematic record of all the financial transactions of the firm.
2. Statutory Audit
The laws as operated by the company law require a few organizations to be compulsorily audited by an auditor. So, the limited companies, the co-operative societies, companies, or the firms who have exceeded a certain turnover limit need their accounts to be audited.
3. Internal Audit
Few organizations opt for internal auditing, which can be done by the accountants.
An accountant is also capable of handling the taxation matters for a firm or even for an individual.
5. Cost and Management Accountant
Cost and Management accountant does more than an ordinary accountant, he plays an overall advisory role in the cost department and the management of an organization.
6. Financial Advice
Accountants who have widespread knowledge and experience in many fields of the industries can also provide insight with good financial advice which in turn will be beneficial for the company.