Commercial Banks and Financial Institutions

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Banking Financial Institutions

In today's financial services the financial institutions are created to provide a wide variety of deposits, lending and deposits procedures are required to be carried out to facilitate the individuals, businesses or the both. Financial Institutions focus on providing the services and accounts for the general public, while others serve specific consumers with specialized offerings.

Financial institutions are developed to appropriate the needs of the society and thus it is important to understand the difference between the types of institutions which will be more appropriate to serve their individual needs.


Difference Between Bank and Financial Institution 

Commercial Bank

Banks, more precisely termed as retail or the commercial banks, fall under the category known as the banking financial institutions. A bank is actually a financial intermediary, they act as a middleman between the suppliers of funds or the depositors and the borrowers. The major task of the bank is to accept the deposits and use the funds which will later on to offer loans to the customers. Yet another duty of a bank is to act as a payment agent, that is done by offering a payment. A bank makes money by investing the deposits in the financial securities and assets, but they mostly make money by lending the funds further to its customers. The primary reasons that the public deposits the money in banks are for convenience, safety and to gain interest income.

Financial Institutions

While financial institutions include all the categories of banks – banks, investment banks, insurance companies, investment funds and other categories of money sector corporates. Except for banks, all are known as non-banking financial institutions who provide financial services to the public but that differs from those of a bank. 

The main difference between other financial institutions and banks is that other financial institutions cannot accept deposits into savings and demand deposit accounts, while the same is the core businesses for banks.

Advantages of Commercial Bank

The Advantages of Commercial Banks are as follows: 

1. Location

The commercial banks are large companies thus, these companies are to be found all over the town, state or country. Some of these commercial banks have businesses in other foreign countries as well and hence their location facilitates the people. The commercial banks are literally located anywhere even inside of malls or retail stores, the ability to access money and account information can be done from almost any location.

2. Discounts

Commercial banks also serve the customers with low prices. Like wholesale companies, the commercial banks buy in bulk and sell to the public at a discount. These discounts may offer free checking, no fees while opening savings or checking accounts. They also provide the customers with low interest rates on real estate loans.

3. Product Offerings

Commercial banks offer more products and service offerings. Commercial banks offer every banking service which a small banking company would offer also CDs, investment accounts, commercial real estate loans, even mortgage plans and the option to have a debit card, credit card or both.

4. Online Banking

With the increasing growth of technology, commercial banks also offer their services online. Customers can keep track of their checking and savings accounts, transfer money to either of their accounts, also pay bills or apply for a loan over the internet itself. 

5. Electronic Banking

By using the 24-hour ATMs, customers can withdraw or deposit money and also can access their account information or transfer their funds.


Limitations of Financial Services 

The limitations with these financial institutions are as follows:

  • Restriction on dividend payment which is imposed on the powers of the borrowing capacity of financial institutions.

  • These institutions come under the government criteria hence, they follow rigid rules for granting these loans. 

  • Too many formalities are attached which is indeed time consuming. 

  • Financial institutions have their nominees on the Board of Directors of the borrowing company thereby restricting the powers of the company to borrow funds.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1.What does a Financial Institution Include?

Ans. Financial institutions are very important in an economy to grow. Under these financial institutions there are various other sectors who help each needs of the citizens. 

This includes the central banks, retail and other commercial banks, internet banks, credit unions, savings, and loans associations who are involved in money lending activities, investment banks, investment companies also, brokerage firms, insurance companies, and even mortgage companies.

2. What is a Commercial Bank?

Ans. Commercial Banks refers to that financial institution who accepts deposits, does checking account services, makes various loans arrangements and offers other financial product and savings accounts to individuals and other small businesses. 

A commercial bank is a place where most people do their banking activities. Commercial banks make money by providing and earning interest from the loans they provide such as mortgages, auto loans, business loans etc.

3. What is a Savings Account and Checking Account?

Ans. A savings account is a deposit account which carries an interest, this is held at a bank or other financial institution. These accounts may pay a modest interest rate but their safety and reliability make them an attraction.

A checking account is also a deposit account which is held at a financial institution that allows withdrawals and deposits. They are also called demand accounts or transactional accounts.

4. What are CDs?

Ans. A certificate of deposit abbreviated as CD is a product that is offered by banks and credit unions which provides an interest rate premium in exchange for the customer agreeing to leave a lump-sum deposit, till it matures for a predetermined period of time.