Here, we discuss a step-by-step procedure for conducting an experiment to help you learn how to prepare ferric hydroxide sol. To understand the goal, procedure, and materials required to perform the experiment, go through the content carefully.
The aim of this experiment – to prepare ferric hydroxide sol.
A lyophobic sol is formed by ferric hydroxide. Lyophobic colloids are called compounds such as metal hydroxides or sulfides that are insoluble and do not readily have colloidal solutions for treatment with water. Ferric hydroxide sol is prepared with boiling distilled water by hydrolysis of ferric chloride.
The reaction for preparation of Fe(OH)3 sol is given below
FeCl3(aq) + 3H2O(l)→ Fe(OH)3(s) +3HCl(aq)
The hydrolysis reaction creates insoluble particles of ferric hydroxide that are agglomerated to create larger colloidal-dimensional particles. To give a positive charge to the soln particles, these particles preferentially adsorb Fe3+ ions from the solution. The Soln's stability is due to the charge on the particles of the solution. Hydrochloric acid formed during hydrolysis tends to destabilize the sol and must therefore be extracted by the dialysis process from the sol, or the sol would not be stable.
The apparatus and materials required for this experiment are as follows:
Round bottom flask
Conical flask of 250 mL volume
Beaker of 250 mL volume
Iron stand with clamp
The solution of ferric chloride
Take a 250 mL conical flask and clean it with steam.
Take the aid of the following figure to clean the conical flask by steaming out the process.
(Image will be uploaded soon)
By taking 2 g of pure ferric chloride in 100 mL of distilled water, prepare a 2% solution of ferric chloride.
Take the cleaned conical flask and add 100 mL of distilled water by steaming out the process.
On a wire gauze, boil the bath.
Drop by drop, with the aid of a dropper or desk, pour 10 mL of ferric chloride solution.
Keep stirring the mixture of boiling water continuously when adding ferric chloride solution.
Until you see a brown or deep red ferric hydroxide solution, heat the conical flask containing a combination of distilled water and ferric chloride solution.
Enable the mixture to settle at room tempurature in the conical flask.
Due to the presence of impurities, Fe(OH)3 sol is impaired. Therefore, it is washed by steaming out a method to stop this conical flask.
It is applied drop-wise to the FeCl3 solution.
Heat the distilled water and ferric chloride solution mixture until the colour is brown or deep red.
To avoid solar destabilization, the hydrochloric acid (HCl) produced is removed by the dialysis process.
Applications of Ferric Hydroxide
In the construction industry, ferrous hydroxide products such as yellow iron oxide/iron (III) oxide hydroxide are commonly used to produce concrete products such as bricks, blocks, decorative concrete, paving stones, ready-mixed concrete, and roofing tiles. A significant contributor to the growth of residential construction is a growing population in developing countries.
Did You Know?
The rapid expansion of the construction sector would fuel the growth of the demand for ferric hydroxide. Many regional/local players sell their goods across creative distribution channels to the construction industry. On the back of the expanding construction industry in India and China, the ferrous hydroxide market in the Asia Pacific region is expected to see substantial growth.
The global ferric hydroxide market is expected to hit the US＄1 billion mark by the end of 2029, with a CAGR of 5% during 2019-2029 for healthy growth. Market geographical research shows that East Asia and North America will continue to capture about 50 percent of the global ferric hydroxide market's revenue share.