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English Grammar Verb and Tenses for Class 5

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Last updated date: 24th Feb 2024
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English Grammar Verb Tense Chart for Class 5 - Free PDF with Solution

Verbs and tenses are the heart and soul of the English language, as this language is chronological. Those who speak English always need to know when some event or action occurred. This is where verb tenses come into play since events, dates, or chronology, set in the order of their happening, are expressed in the English language through verbs and tenses.


When young kids go through verb and tense for class 5, they might feel bogged down by a myriad of rules such as "present perfect", "future indefinite tense", "present perfect continuous tense", and so on.  But if you get a clear explanation with examples of every rule, you can easily figure out which sentence falls in which category.

English Grammar for Class 5 Verb and Tense Download Free PDF

Today we will study an exciting topic “verb and tense”. A verb is a word or group of words that represents an action that has taken place might be in the past, present, or future. It refers to a fact that is referred to now, a recurring event, a state or a condition or a planned future action. For good understanding and idea clarity, practice questions and solved examples are provided throughout the article. Let's start our journey on this interesting topic.

The Verb


The Verb

Common Verbs used Daily

Present

Past

Participle

arise

arose

arisen

awake

awoke

awoken

be

was

been

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

come

come

eat

ate

eaten

Types of the Verbs with Examples

  • Action Verb: describes an action that someone can do or demonstrate.

For example: We baked a carrot cake.


  • Stative Verb: describes a position or state of being that you can't see but exists anyway.

For example:  You deserve a prize.


  • Regular Verb: regular verbs are those which only add “d” or “ed” in the past tense form.

For example: we walked to the concert (walk).


  • Irregular Verb: these are the verbs that only changes the form in the past tense.

For example: I spoke to my neighbour (speak).


  • Transitive Verbs: these are expressed by action and are followed by a direct subject.

For example: Oliver sends his love.


  • Intransitive Verb:  it expresses action and is not followed by a direct object, it may be followed by a phrase.

For example: We sat on the stone wall.


  • Linking Verb: linking verb connects the subject to detail about the subject.

For example: You seem like a thoughtful person.


  • Auxiliary Verb: auxiliary verb helps the main verb of the sentence by extending its meaning.

For example: I have been there before.


The Rabbit


The Rabbit 


Some more examples of verbs in three different forms.


Verb Tense

Affirmative

Negative

Question

Simple Present

I work.

I don't work.

Do I work?

Present Continuous 

I am working now. 

I am not working now.

Am I working now?

Present Perfect

I have worked. 

I have not worked. 

Have I worked?

Present Perfect Continuous 

I have been working.

I have not been working.

Have I been working?

Simple Past 

I worked.

I did not work.

Did I work?

Past Continuous 

I was working

I was not working.

Was I working?

Past Perfect

I had worked.

I had not worked.

Had I worked?

Past Perfect Continuous

I had been working.

I had not been working.

Had I been working?

Simple Future

I will work.

I will not work.

Will I work?

Future Continuous 

I am going to work.

I am not going to work.

Am I going to work?

Future Perfect

I will have worked.

I will not have worked.

Will I have worked?

Future Perfect Continuous

I will have been working.

She will have been working.

I will not have been working.

She will not have been working.

Will I have been working?

Will she be working?

The Simple Tenses Verb

  • Past: It used for simple in the past tenses which has already happened or occurred.

In this, the main verb changes from past to present.

For example, I cycled to work.


  • Present: It is used for simple sentences in the present tense, which are happening now or have happened in recent times. It always has a subject  and a verb even if the subject is only implied.

For example, I go to work.


  • Future: It is used for simple sentences in the future tenses which have not yet happened. 

For example, shall cycle to work.

Difficult Word Meanings

Word

Meaning

Transitive

That has direct object

Stative

Expressing state or condition rather than an activity or an event.

Auxiliary

Giving extra help

Intransitive

Used without an object

Practice Questions

1. Identify the tense of the underlined verb phrase in a sentence.

  • Many citizens are correcting their work.

  • John shall celebrate his birthday.

  • No lady would cross this line.

  • We were feeding on rice.

  • Teachers are teaching students.

  • Prises were rising steadily.

  • Ripe mangoes fell from trees.

  • The police have been protecting good people.

  • Their house did not burn before the five services attended it.

Answer

  • “Are correcting” it is a  present continuous.

  • It is future continuous.

  • It is a simple future.

  • The underlined sentence is a past continuous.

  • It is present continuous.

  • It is past continuous.

  • It is a simple future.

  • It is past perfect continuous.

  • It is a negative sentence.

Importance of Class 5 English Chapter 6 - Verb and Tense

The English language has many verb tenses; some might express a connection between two time periods, and some might tell you the exact time of any activity.

  • We can express a plethora of things by just changing the tense.

  • Tenses are even part of many prestigious entrance exams like CAT, BBA, IIFT, etc., so a strong foundation in the concept of tenses is needed to crack these exams.

  • Verbs pave the way for language development in young kids as they let children start building early sentences. All sentences need a verb, and the word choice determines most of the grammatical forms in a sentence.

  • Children who learn verbs at a young age develop more advanced grammatical skills very fast.

  • By using verb tenses, children can form complex sentence structures and convey complex ideas and thoughts.

  • Learning the correct verb tense usage clarifies both written and spoken English.

Verb and Tense for Class 5 Examples

  • Simple present tense class 5

    • Write the correct form of the verb to make a sentence in the simple present tense:

      • __ you ____ in this company (working)

      • He ___ in Bangalore. (lived)

      • Mohan and I ____ to travel together. (liked)

      • She ____ thing quickly. (learn)

  • Present perfect tense for class 5

    • Use the verb given in the bracket to form a sentence in the present perfect tense:

      • He has ___ his best to win the match. (try)

      • My cousin has ___ me this book. (give)

      • She has ____ the best piano in the competition. (play)

    • Change the following sentences in their present perfect tense form:

      • She goes to the gym.

      • He eats dinner.

      • Harish plays the drums.

      • My parents think I am a bit shy.

  • Present continuous tense for class 5

    • Answer the following questions by using the present continuous tense form:

      • Is your mom cooking today?

      • Are you playing cricket today?

      • Is your father speaking at the moment?

      • Are you carrying a lot of weight?

    • Fill in the blanks with the present continuous tense form of the word

      • He is ____ on stage (dance)

      • She is ____ water. (drink)

      • I am ____ about the book. (think)

      • The kids are ____ over the wall. (jump)

  • Mention the present, past, and present perfect tense forms of the following words: creep, deal, bring, buy, bleed, bet, cut.

Important Topics Learnt in Tenses for Class 5

  • Learn the definition of verbs and tenses.

  • Learn different forms of tenses; present indefinite tense, past indefinite tense, future indefinite tense, present continuous tense, past continuous tense, future continuous tense, present perfect tense, past perfect tense, future perfect tense, present perfect continuous tense, past perfect continuous tense, future and perfect continuous tense.

  • Learn how to join sentences by using different forms of tenses.

  • You are given a list of verbs with their tense chart for class 5, which you must memorize by heart.

You Can Get Your Copy of Free Verbs and Tenses for Class 5 PDF Now

The subject matter experts of Vedantu have designed a clear and concise explanation of class 5 English chapter 6 (verbs and tenses), which will be an invaluable resource for students during their English exams.

  • The PDF contains explanations of all the concepts and rules of verb and tense for class 5 in an easily understandable language that is apt for young minds.

  • The PDF also has many examples and practice worksheets for students to grasp all the forms of tenses at the root level.

  • The PDF can be downloaded on your devices, providing easy access to the entire content from anywhere.

  • If you like to revise chapters right before exams, then taking a printout of the PDF is also possible, which comes in handy during exam times.

If you want to have a command of all the verbs and tenses of Class 5 English Chapter 6, get your free copy of Vedantu's accurate and concise solutions on this topic. Going through our experts’ explanations of verbs and tenses for class 5, you will not need to look elsewhere to master all the basics of this topic.

Summary

Basically verb refers to the state of acting, a planned future action, an activity that took place in the past, a prediction about a future event, a decision at the time of speaking, hence the combination of all these is termed as a verb. The verb contains all three tenses that are present tense, past tense, and future tense. Hence, verbs are also called helping verb because it helps the subject.

FAQs on English Grammar Verb and Tenses for Class 5

1. How can I help my child improve their knowledge of English tenses?

Some of the best ways to help your child better understand tenses are:

  • Understand the Rules - Knowing the rules will help you avoid some of the common mistakes people make with tenses. Do not try to learn all the rules in one go but divide them into the present, past, and future sections. Take each part and master it before you move on to the next part.

  • Put the rules in Practice - You can practice the tenses by thinking of different scenarios and writing as many sentences as possible in each tense form.

  • Exposure to English - Exposure to the English language is key to improving it, so expose your child to every form of English, such as in movies, TV channels, news, etc.

2. What is the general form of a continuous verb tense?

Any continuous tense, be it present, past, or future, go by the formula “verb” + “ing” for example:

  • Present continuous - “I am running”

  • Future continuous - “ I will be running tomorrow”, 

  • Past continuous - “I was running the whole morning”

3. What is the difference between present perfect and past tense?

When we want to express something which started in the past and finished in the present, we use the present perfect tense. When we want to express something which happened in the past we use the past tense. For example:

  • Present perfect tense - I have visited the leaning towers of Pisa.

  • Past tense - I visited the leaning tower of Pisa last year.