Detailed Guide to English Grammar Class 10 - Punctuation

VSAT 2022

English Grammar Class 10 - Download Free PDF with Solutions

Punctuation is one of the essential tools of English grammar. Punctuation refers to the symbols or signs used in writing to divide phrases and sentences. It tells where to pause while reading a piece of writing.


This article will explore the importance of punctuation in English grammar and its usage in a sentence. So, let’s get started!!

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English Grammar for Class 10 Punctuation Download Free PDF

In today’s lesson, we will discuss punctuation. We will begin with understanding the definition of punctuation. Then we will see examples of this punctuation. Moving ahead we will learn about punctuation marks. Practice questions and solved examples are given throughout the article for better understanding and concept clarity. Let’s begin the journey on this amazing topic.



English


English


What is a Punctuation Mark?

Punctuation is the use of white space after a sentence, in between words in a sentence using standard symbols called punctuation marks. They are certain typographical elements to aid in the comprehension and accurate reading of the written text, whether it is read by oneself or while together.


Full stops (. ), commas (,), question marks (?) and exclamation points (!) are a few examples of various punctuation marks.


Punctuation


Punctuation


Punctuation Marks


Punctuation Marks


Punctuation Marks


Full Stop (.)

One of the most often used punctuation symbols in the English language is the full stop, sometimes known as the period (.) in American English. According to textual analysis, full stops make up almost half of all punctuation.

Full stops were used to conclude declarative sentences or other statements regarded as complete. Additionally, this punctuation is used after an acronym. A full stop can also indicate the conclusion of a string of words that does not usually compose a sentence.

Examples of a full stop(.)

  1. Lina is going on a holiday.

  2. Freya is riding a horse.

  3. There is no one in the world like my mother. She is my best friend.


Question Mark(?)

To end interrogative phrases or queries, use a question mark as a punctuation mark. The sentence's arrangement will determine where the question mark goes.

Examples of a question mark:

  1. Have you seen this girl?

  2. Do you have a pen?


Quotation Marks


Quotation Marks


Quotation Marks(“ “)

When you want to paraphrase someone else's remarks in your work, use quotation marks.

Examples of quotation mark:

  1. Henry asked, where is my notebook?

  2. Hiya told journalists, it's a capturing moment.


Apostrophe (')

When certain letters have been removed from a word, an apostrophe (') is used to indicate this. Along with indicating the plural form of lowercase letters, the punctuation mark can also be used to signify a noun's possessive form.

Examples of the apostrophes:

  1. It is – It's: “I can't believe it's raining again.”

  2. Lisas house is in Itlay.

  3. Jennies dogs are at the Vets clinic.

 

The Comma (,)

To distinguish between two distinct concepts or sentence components, use a comma (,). 

The comma rules and examples:

(1) When two distinct sentences are joined, a comma should be used.

Example: We purchased some dairy, and we purchased some fruit.

(2) Separate words in a series with commas. Take note that the final word in the series is not followed by a comma.

Example: He was tall, beautiful, and clever.

(3) Set the words "yes" and "no" apart with a comma.

Example: Thank you, but no.

 

The Hyphen (-)

The punctuation mark "hyphen" (-) is used to separate words or sections of words. It cannot be used in place of other dashes of any kind.

Examples of the hyphen(-)

  1. Self-confidence

  2. Merry-go-round

  3. Co-operate

  4. Long-term

  5. Close-up

 

Dash 

A dash is a punctuation mark that divides words into statements. There are two different types of dashes: en dash and em dash. En dash indicates range or connections. The em dash, on the other hand, is used in situations where a comma could also be appropriate. The dash can also be used to delete words or phrases that are not necessary for understanding the sentence. In situations where a comma would normally be used, a dash may be substituted.

 

"En dash" (–)

The en dash, which is a symbol (-) used in writing and printing to denote a range or links, is slightly larger than a hyphen.

Examples:

1987-2009

 

"Em dash" (—)

The em dash (—), which is twice as long as the en dash, can be used in place of a comma, parenthesis, or colon to improve readability or emphasize a sentence's end.

examples:

He gave her his answerYes!

 

Exclamation Mark (!)

 It may be used at the beginning or conclusion of a statement. It also serves as a full stop or a period at the end of a sentence when used in this way. To convey an order or a strong passion, we frequently employ the exclamation mark (!)

Examples: 

  1. Bravo!

  2. Lie down!

  3. Hurray!

  4. Yay!

 

Colon (:)

A colon (:) is a fairly common and widely used punctuation character. A quotation, an illustration, a sequence, or even an explanation can be introduced using this technique. The second application is to divide two independent clauses with it. Finally, emphasis can be conveyed by using a colon.

Examples:

  1. You have two tasks: finish the assignment and submit on the portal.

  2. Tony has the ingredients list: milk, potatoes, and tomatoes.

 

Semicolon (;)

A semicolon (;) is used to indicate a tight relationship between two independent clauses while separating them. A semicolon does a better job than a full stop at illustrating the relationship between two assertions.

Examples: 

My wife is a teacher; at St. Paul school.

I want to go to a park; to clear my head and have fun.

I am here; you are over there.

 

Difficult Word Meaning

Word 

Definition

Acronym

A group of words are shortened to create a single pronounceable term, which is what is known as an acronym.

Emphasis


the degree of significance or focus placed on something.

Assertions

A strong declaration that is presented as part of an argument or as if it should be taken as truth is called an assertion.

 

Practice questions

Put the correct punctuation mark to the following sentences.

  1.  This is absolutely incredible

  2.  Stand up straight 

  3. Who do you think will win the show

  4. Hurray. We won the match today.

  5. Walk fast

  6. I love cooking meat fish different types of curries and baking 

  7. This is Kiaras party dress

  8. He asked Are you unwell

  9. He is a well respected man

  10. I want coffee I am feeling tired

 

Answers:

  1. This is absolutely incredible!

  2.  Stand up straight.

  3. Who do you think will win the show?

  4. Hurray! We won the match today.

  5. Walk fast.

  6. I love cooking meat, fish, different types of curries and baking. 

  7. This is Kiara’s party dress.

  8. He asked, “Are you unwell?”

  9. He is a well-respected man.

  10. I want coffee; I am feeling tired.


Benefits of Learning Punctuation Class 10

  • The importance of punctuation in English grammar is above all. Punctuation marks are the silent intonation that tells us where to emphasise, question, pause, or stop while reading by using exclamation marks (‘!’), question marks (‘?’), comma (‘,’), or a period or full stop (‘.’).

  • Punctuation marks bring clarity to the sentence and make it precise. 

  • The punctuation syllabus for Class 10 is easy and short. If you want to learn and adapt proper sentence formation and develop excellently precise writing, then you need to learn the usage of different punctuation marks in a sentence. 


Examples of Punctuation 

Punctuation mark

Symbol of the punctuation mark

Example in sentences

Period or full stop

.

I love to play football.

I am a footballer.

Comma

,

Bob, my brother-in-law, is a doctor.

Ross, it was a pleasure to meet you.

Exclamation

!

What a fool I was!

Hurrah! We won the match.

Question

?

What are you doing?

Where are you going?

Apostrophe

Farhan’s father has been ill since last week.

My brother’s student has ranked in the board exam.

Hyphen

-

I have a blue-coloured pen.

I saw a blue-eyed girl yesterday.

Semicolon

;

I have lots of work tomorrow; however, I’ll make time to call you.

I have my exam tomorrow; I can’t attend the birthday party tonight.

Colon

:

I had two options: to keep working hard or give up.

I only like one non-veg item: Chicken soup.

Dash

__

My sister’s friend — Mala is coming to our house for dinner.

The winner of the match — Mrinal, is very happy with his performance.

Quotation

“ ”

Soma said, “I am busy right now”.

Tamal said, “I run every morning”.

Ellipsis

The boy opened the door…and saw…a mouse.

She entered the room...and saw…her father.

Parentheses

()

Daniel (last year’s winner) is expected to play well in tomorrow’s match.

Harry (Ron’s best friend) is a brilliant student.


Facts About Punctuation 

  • All the punctuation symbols must be placed parallelly. It means when the main clause is interrupted with a dash or a comma, it also needs to be interrupted by the same punctuation symbols at the end and beginning of the clause.

You can’t use a semicolon (;) to divide just a single item in a list.

  • Colons are placed at the end part of the main clause. When the sentence is completed, you can use a colon to add a restatement, elaboration, or list.

  • Semicolons can act as an alternative to the coordinating conjunction by connecting two related independent sentences or clauses in a compound sentence.

  • Apostrophes can’t be used in possessive pronouns like her, his, yours, whose, theirs.

  • Colons and semicolons are placed outside the quotation (“ ”) marks.

  • With Compound phrases, hyphens are widely used (seven-year-old, brother-in-law).


Important Topics of Class 10 English Grammar Chapter 22 Punctuation

In the Punctuation for Class 10, we will learn about the following things:

  • What is punctuation?

  • What are the different types of punctuation marks?

  • The usage of different types of punctuation marks.


Class 10 English Punctuation Free PDF Download

  • The Class 10 English grammar Chapter 22 Punctuation PDF is well-explained with many examples.

  • Professional educators at Vedantu have made the punctuation exercises for Class 10 students, which are very helpful for the kids.


We aim to change India’s education system by introducing short and interesting online tutorial videos. Our online tutorial video of Punctuation Class 10 is a standalone masterclass for learning punctuation in English grammar.


Summary

In this chapter, we studied punctuation. Punctuation is derived from the Latin term "punctum," which refers to the proper placement of points and stops in written communication. Punctuation enhances our work by adding quiet intonation. We can halt, stop, stress, or pose a question by using a comma, a period, an exclamation point, or a question mark. When punctuation is utilised appropriately, writing becomes more precise and clear because it allows the writer to pause, stop, or emphasise specific words or clauses. The reader is told to pause at opportune points and organise the material on the page they're reading by utilising effective punctuation that mimics speech rhythms. It clarifies the writing and reduces misunderstandings.

FAQs on Detailed Guide to English Grammar Class 10 - Punctuation

1. How can I improve my sense of punctuation in a sentence?

To improve the sense of punctuation in the sentences, read different types of academic and fictional non-fictional writings.

2. How many punctuation symbols or marks are present in the English language?

There are 14 types of punctuation marks in English.

3. How many commas can I use in a sentence?

There is no limitation on using commas in a sentence, but it has to make sense.

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