Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, or more popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in a small city of Gujarat, in Porbandar (October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948). He was a politician, social activist, Indian Lawyer, and writer who became the prominent Leader of the nationwide surge movement against the British rule of India. He came to be known as the Father of this nation. Gandhi was a living embodiment of non-violent protest(Satyagraha) to achieve independence from the British Empire's clutches and thereby getting political and social progress. Gandhi was the one who was considered as The Great Soul or The Mahatma in the eyes of millions and millions of his fellow Indians. The scale of the vast crowds gathered around to see him speaks at the significant volume of the unthinking obsession of his followers. He could hardly work during the day and rest at night. His fame spread throughout the world during his lifetime and only increased after his demise. Mahatma Gandhi is the most renowned person on earth.
Mahatma Gandhi During his Youth
Gandhi was the youngest of his father's fourth wife. Karamchand Gandhi was the dewan Chief minister) of Porbandar, the then capital of a small municipality in western India(now Gujarat state) under the British constituency, did not have any formal education per se. However, he was an able administrator who was more than capable enough to make his way between the inconsistent and unpredictable princes, their long-suffering subjects, and the stubborn and ignorant British Officer in power.
Gandhi's mother, Putlibai, was a pious religious woman who had no such greed for jewellery or finery divided her time between her home and the temple, fasted frequently, and immersed herself in the service of others who were sick or were helpless in the family. Mohandas grew up in Vaishnavism, a practice followed by the worship of the Hindu god Vishnu with a strong presence of Jainism, which has a strong sense of non-violence and that each and everything in this universe is eternal.
Therefore, he took up the practice of ahimsa (noninjury to all living beings), fasting for self-purification, vegetarianism, and mutual tolerance between the sanctions of various creeds and colour.
He always uttered the words, "to carry out the orders of the elders, not to scan them." With such extreme reluctancy, so it was not that surprising that he should have gone through a phase of rebellion in his adolescence stage, followed by personal rejection of God or atheism, petty thefts, furtive smoking, and—most shocking of all for a boy born in a Vaishnava family—meat-eating. His adolescence was probably no stormier than most children of his age and class. Not until the age of 18, Gandhi had read a single newspaper. Neither as a budding barrister in India nor as a student in England, nor had he shown much interest in politics. Indeed, he was overwhelmed by a terrifying stage fright each time he stood up to read a speech at a social gathering or to defend a client in court.
Political Career of Mahatma Gandhi:
Nevertheless, in July 1894, when he was barely 25, he blossomed within an overnight into a proficient campaigner. He drafted several petitions to the British government and the Natal Legislature and signed by hundreds of his compatriots. He could not prevent the passage of the bill but succeeded in drawing the attention of the public and the press in Natal, India, and England to the Natal Indian's problems. He still was persuaded to settle down in Durban to practice law and thus organized the Indian community. The Natal Indian Congress was founded in 1894, of which he became the unwearying secretary. He infused a solidarity spirit in the heterogeneous Indian community through that standard political organization. He gave ample statements to the Government, Legislature, and media regarding Indian Grievances. Finally, he is exposed to the outside world's view, the real story, and the ugly side in the imperial cupboard. This discrimination was pre-dominant against the Indian subjects of Queen Victoria in one of her colonies in Africa. It was proof of his success as a publicist that such vital newspapers as The Statesman and Englishman of Calcutta (now Kolkata)and The Times of London editorially commented on the Natal Indians' grievances.
Mahatma Gandhi spent almost 21 years in South Africa. But during that time, there was a lot of discrimination there because of skin colour. Even inside the train, he could not sit with white European people. But he refused to do so and got beaten there and had to sit on the floor. So he fought against this nasty thing and finally got to succeed after a lot of struggle.
In 1896, Gandhi returned to India to fetch his wife, Kasturba (or Kasturbai), and their two oldest children and amass support for the Indians overseas. He met the prominent leaders and persuaded them to address the public meetings in the centre of the country's principal cities. Unfortunately for him, middle versions of his activities and utterances reached Natal and provoked its European population. Joseph Chamberlain, the colonial secretary in the British Cabinet, urged Natal's government to bring the guilty men to proper jurisdiction, but Gandhi refused to prosecute his assailants. He said it was his belief the court of law would not be used to satisfy someone's vendetta.
Death of Mahatma Gandhi:
Mahatma Gandhi's death was a tragic event and brought clouds of sorrow to millions of people. On the 29th of January, a man named Nathuram Godse came to Delhi with an automatic pistol. In the evening, at about 5 pm, he went to Gardens of Birla house, and in a sudden, a man from the crowd came out and bowed before him. Then he fired three bullets in his chest and stomach. Mahatma Gandhi was in such a posture as welcoming that man to kill him and fall to the ground. During his death, he uttered Ram Ram. Although someone could have called the doctor in this critical situation during that time, no one thought of that, and Gandhiji died within half an hour.
In the boarding houses and vegetarian restaurants of England, Gandhi met not only the food enthusiasts but some earnest men and women to whom he owed the introduction to the Bible and, more importantly, the Bhagavadgita, which he read for the first time in its English translation by Sir Edwin Arnold.