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Sunderban National Park is located in the state of ___________.
A) Madhya Pradesh
B) Karnataka
C) Uttar Pradesh
D) West Bengal

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:
The Sunderban National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Indian National Park, Biosphere Reserve, and Tiger Reserve. It is covered by dense mangrove forests and is situated on the Ganges delta near the Bay of Bengal.

Complete step by step solution:
The Sunderban National Park is located in the state of West Bengal. It is located just adjacent to the Sundarban Reserve Forest in Bangladesh. This national park supports great biodiversity and unique flora and fauna of all kinds; it also houses one of the largest Royal Bengal Tiger populations in the world. The park has an area of 1,330 square kilometres. The region experiences a hot and humid climate in the summertime, with an average maximum temperature of $34^\circ {\text{C}}$. The monsoon season comes with heavy rainfall, which lasts from mid-June to September. The winters here are mild, with an average maximum temperature of $20^\circ {\text{C}}$. During the months of May and October, tropical cyclones that arise in the Bay of Bengal often impact the Sunderbans too. Mudflats are a characteristic feature of the region, which are submerged during high tides and exposed during low tides, changing their geomorphology within a single tidal cycle. Other than Mangrove trees, plants growing here are dhundal, garjan, kankra, goran, and genwa. The fauna other than tigers includes wild boars, fishing cats, flying foxes, common grey mongooses, pangolins, and chitals. Birds such as Brahminy ducks, Pintails, Golden plovers, Herring gulls, spotted doves, and paradise flycatchers also inhabit the region. The fish species include Silver carps, Butter fish, Gangetic dolphins, Electric rays, Butter fish, Estuarine crocodiles, and endangered Olive Ridley turtles.

Thus, option (D) is correct.

Note:
Global warming has threatened to erode large areas of the forest land and consequently wash away all the vegetation of the forest.