The Indian Political Climate consists of several different political parties that contest all the elections in our country to select a particular government.
Because we have these political parties and the right to vote for the one we prefer, Democracy has been strong and steady in our country. So, it can be said without a single speck of doubt that having political parties means a proper and healthy situation for any nation.
Here we are going to learn about the functions of political parties and much more. Students will also get to learn the different features that make up a political party and what role it plays in democracy.
Introduction to Political Parties
A political party is made up of a specific group of people who come together to compete against each other to run a government that will be able to take care of the country's needs for the better.
Political parties are basically created in order to make sure that the country has a group of people to lead it. Not to mention that it provides the people of the country with a particular choice to make an effective and more evolved decision about the government that they have.
Apart from that, the aspiration to win an election also drives other political parties to perform well and gather more votes than their competitors.
So, it can be said that the functions of political parties are certainly very important for the betterment of the country. The party that ends up getting most of the votes will be the one winning the elections, i.e., in India, the party in majority runs the government. At times, when a single party does not secure a significant number of seats in Parliament or in state legislative assembly they opt for coalition government.
However, in today's political climate, political parties also run for the benefit of having a significant share of power while running the government.
It enables the voters to have a voice and promote the common interests and goals in the country.
The main role of political parties in India is to make sure that several political policies and agendas are being created and fixed for the welfare of the people and betterment of the country.
So, that is one of the main reasons why every single political party tries to ensure the people believe the claims of their policies and end up voting for them.
If seen from a broader view, with the help of a political party, the people will be able to send their messages to the government on the needs and requirements of the country. Every single political party must have some important components:
The Leader: This person has the primary responsibility for all the activities done by the party.
Active Members: The people who have the responsibility of selecting their leader.
Followers: People who can support, volunteer, donate, and vote for the party's running candidates.
Functions of Political Parties
There are several functions a political party has. A political party needs to perform these functions even to be considered a political party in the first place.
We are going to list some of these functions and features of a political party so that you can understand them in a better way. These functions include:
Putting up specific candidates that will help in the elections.
In India, the party's top leaders are responsible for selecting the candidate for their parties. Whereas in the USA, members and the party's supporters can select their candidates.
A party includes different policies and programs. Voters have the choice to vote for the party whose policies and programs they support.
The parties who do not win this election and do not get a chance to form their government are called Opposition. These parties generally have different opinions and points of view regarding the functioning of the government.
Another critical function that a political party has is forming people's opinions in our country. The function here is forming various pressure groups, which in turn help the launching of various movements to solve people's problems and wants.
Political Parties also have access to different welfare schemes of the government.
One of the major features of political parties in India is to ensure that the country has proper schemes of welfare.
Need of Political Parties
Without different political parties, there would be no existence of Democracy in a country. This would not give the people of a country any power to form their government.
Since there will be no responsibility for handling the country, this will lead to a single power ruling over the nation. This single power will then impose its ideologies on the entire public, consisting of people from different cultures, religions, beliefs, and economic statuses.
So, it can be said safely after reading the above text that having a political party is really important. They are the backbone of our country. They are the ones we elect to safeguard our Constitution and serve us. Socio-Economic upliftment happens through our chosen representatives.