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The Chief Secretary of India

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Last updated date: 16th Apr 2024
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Who is the Chief Secretary of India?

The Chief Secretary is one of the highest officials of the Indian executive system and the senior-most civil servant of the Indian government is appointed as Chief Secretary. He/She is the ex-officio head of the State Secretariat, the state cadre Indian Administrative Service, the state Civil Services Board, and all civil services that come under the control of the state government. He/She is the principal advisor to the Chief Minister on all issues related to state administration.


The person who is appointed as the Chief Secretary is always severed as an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). The Chief Secretary is the seniority-based position in the state administration that is given 23rd ranking on the Indian order of precedence.

                                              

Appointment of Chief Secretary

  • Chief Secretaries is appointed by the Chief Minister of state. 

  • IAS officers are appointed as State Chief Secretaries. 

  • The Chief Minister after short-listing the names can have an opinion of the Union government related to the appointment but this consultation is not mandatory. 

  • The Chief Minister may also consult his/her ministerial colleagues or the cabinet but this will be his or her. 

  • Seniority cum merit criterion is applied in short-listing as it is a selection post and this fact is also considered to select the politically acceptable senior candidate. 

  • Usually, these three factors are considered: Seniority, service record, and Evaluation of the Chief Minister.


Role of Chief Secretary of India

The role played by the Chief Secretary of India can be classified in two ways. The first is in state and the second is in union territories. Let us understand the role played by the chief secretary of respective state and union territories.

  • States: The administrative head of the state administration and executive head secretariat of the state is the chief secretary. He/ She is provided with the highest position in the state administrative hierarchy. The control of the Chief Secretary is extended to all the secretariat departments. His responsibilities are to guide, lead and control the whole entire administrative apparatus of the state.  

The Chief Secretary of the state provides his/her services to the state as the ex-officio Chairman of the State Civil Service Board. The State Civil Service Board can recommend, the transfer/postings of officers of All India Services and State Civil Services in the state.

Additional Chief Secretaries or Special Chief Secretaries can assist Chief Secretaries, who are the administrative heads of departments they are assigned to. The list of current Chief Secretaries such as chief secretary Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Assam is given along with the IAS Batch.

                             

S.No

State

Name of Chief Secretary

IAS Batch

1

Andhra Pradesh

Adityanath Das 

1987

2

Arunachal Pradesh

Naresh Kumar

1987

3

Assam

Jishnu Baruah

1988

4

Bihar 

Deepak Kumar

1984

5

Chattisgarh

Amitabh Jain

1989

6

Goa

Parimal Rai

1985

7

Gujrat

Pankaj Kumar

1986

8

Haryana

Vijai Vardhan

1985

9

Himachal Pradesh

Ram Subhag Singh

1987

10

Jharkhand

Sukhdev Singh

1987

11

Karnataka

P. Ravi Kumar

1984

12

Kerala

Joy Vazhayil

1987

13

Madhya Pradesh

Iqbal Singh Bains

1985

14

Maharastra

Sitaram Kunte

1985

15

Manipur

J. Suresh Babu

1986

16

Meghalaya

M. S. Rao

1987

17

Mizoram

Lalnunmawia Chuaungo

1987

18

Nagaland

Shri Temjen Toy

1987

19

Odessa

Suresh Chandra Mohapatra

1986

20

Panjab

Anirudh Tewari

1990

21

Rajasthan

Niranjan Arya

1989

22

Sikkim

A. K. Srivastava

1984

23

Tamil Nadu

V. Irai Anbu

1988

24

Telangana

Somesh Kumar

1989

25

Tripura

Kumar Alok

1990

26

Uttar Pradesh

Rajendra Kumar Tiwari

1985

27

Uttrakhand

Sukhbir Singh Sandhu

1987

28

West Bengal

Hari Krishna Dwivedi

1988


  • Union Territories: Administrators governs the union territories in India which means Chief Secretaries are absent. In these territories, the Union Government appoints an Adviser to the Administrator. The union territories of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, and Puducherry, have been given statehood partially, also have Chief Secretaries. The chief secretary of Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, and Puducherry is selected by the Chief Minister and is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor.

Most advisers to the Administrators and Chief Secretaries of Union territories are posted junior in rank in comparison to the Chief Secretaries of the States. The office is given generally are of the rank Joint Secretary to Government of India and its equivalents. Chief Secretary Delhi and Chandigarh, the highest civil servant is either of the position of Secretary to Government of India or Additional Secretary to Government of India. The list of current Chief Secretaries or Advisor to Administrators of Union territories is given below.


S.No.

Union Territories

Name of  Chief Secretaries/Advisor to Administrators of Union territories

IAS Batch

1

Puducherry

Ashwani Kumar

1986

2

Lakshadweep

Mihir Vardhan

-

3

Ladakh

Umang Narula

1989

4

Jammu and Kashmir

Arun Kumar Mehta

1986

5

Delhi

Vijay Kumar Dev

1987

6

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

A.K. Singh

1985

7

Chandigarh

Manoj Parida

1986

8

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Chetan B. Sanghi

1988


Did you Know?

  • The highest post for IAS officers is the Cabinet Secretary (Central) and Chief Secretary (State).

  • Lord Stanley was the first secretary of state in India. He was the minister of the British Cabinet. 


Conclusion 

Hence we can say that the chief secretary is important for maintaining the administration in the state. He or she is an experienced person so knows how to deal with different situations. The Chief Secretary performs his/her duties as the head of the state civil services. The role of the Chief Secretary is important to maintaining the functioning of the department of state and union territories.

FAQs on The Chief Secretary of India

1. What is the chief secretary of India?

Chief Secretaries are the administrative head of state governments and also members of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). The Chief Secretary is appointed to guide, control, and lead the overall administrative system of the state and is given a pivotal position to perform a number of roles in the governance of the state. Chief Secretary of the state also works as the ex-officio Chairman of the State Civil Service Board. Other key responsibilities of the Chief Secretary are to ensure meetings and manage effective records and administration.

2. Who appoints a secretary?

The chief secretary is selected by the chief minister of the state. CM consults the Union government related to the appointment but this consultation is not mandatory. The Chief Minister may also consult his/her ministerial colleagues or the cabinet but this will be his or her. Seniority cum merit criterion is applied in short-listing as it is a selection post and this fact is also considered to select the politically acceptable senior candidate. Usually, these three factors are considered: Seniority, service record, and Evaluation of the chief minister.

3. Who is the most famous chief secretary of West Bengal?

Alapan Bandyopadhyay is a silent worker and he can be considered the most famous chief secretary of West Bengal.  He is former Chief Secretary of State for the Government of West Bengal and an ex-Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. Alapan Bandyopadhyay was from the batch of IAS 1987 from West Bengal. He has worked as a district magistrate of North and South 24 Parganas districts and Howrah. He had also given his services as Kolkata municipal commissioner. After his retirement on 31 May 2021, he was appointed as Chief Advisor Of Chief Minister Of West Bengal from 1 June 2021.